PERSEBARAN INDUSTRI RUMAH TANGGA GULA MERAH BERBAHAN BAKU NIRA KELAPA DI KECAMATAN DAWAN KABUPATEN KLUNGKUNG

Ida Ayu Agung Widhia Utami Pidada

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Kecamatan Dawan Kabupaten Klungkung. Tujuan penelitian adalah, untuk: (1) mendeskripsikan faktor-faktor fisiografis yang mendukung bahan baku gula merah di Kecamatan Dawan (2) mengetahui proses pembuatan gula merah dengan bahan baku nira kelapa (3) memetakan persebaran industri rumah tangga gula merah di Kecamatan Dawan Kabupaten Klungkung. Penelitian ini menggunakan rancangan penelitian deskriptif, dengan pengambilan sampel secara “ Proposive sampling” yaitu sebesar 93 orang yang diambil 25% dari keseluruhan populai sebanyak 366 orang yang tersebar di 4 desa yang ada di Kecamatan Dawan. Pengumpulan data primer dan sekunder menggunakan metode observasi lapangan, wawancara dan pencatatan dokumen, yang selanjutnya dianalisis menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa (1) Fisiograis Kecamatan Dawan sangat mendukung untuk penyediaan bahan baku industri rumah tangga gula merah (2) Berdasarkan  hasil proses pembuatan gula merah dari bahan baku nira kelapa sudah tergolong baik (3) Terdapat 93 titik industri yang tersebar pada daerah penelitian, di Desa Besan terdapat 73 titik sebagai daerah yang memiliki industri terbanyak, di Desa Dawan Kelod terdapat 5 titik industri sekaligus jumlah titik terendah..

Kata- kata kunci: Faktor Fisiografis, Proses Pembuatan Gula Merah, Persebaran Industri Rumah Tangga Gula Merah.

ABSTRACT

This research is done at Dawan subdistrict Klungkung regency. The purposes of the research are : (1) description of fisiografis factors that support material of balinese traditional sugar in Dawan subdistrict. (2)To know process of making balinese traditional sugar that is made from nira kelapa. (3)Making map of spreading balinese traditional sugar industry in Dawan subdistrict, Klungkung regency. This research  used descriptive research planning with  took sample through “Proposive sampling “ 93 person taken 25% from total of population were 366 persons that spread in 4 villages that is located in around Dawan distric. The process of collecting primer data and sekunder data used field observation method, interview and dokumen noting.And it  were analyzed used descriptive qualitative method. The result  showed that (1)Fisiografis Dawan subdistrict is very supported material of balinese traditional sugar industry (2)  Based on  the  process of making  balinese traditional sugar that is made from nira coconut can be clasified good (3) There are 93 points industry that spread in research area. In Besang village, there are 73 points as area which have many industries higher and Dawan Kelod village,  there are 5 points industry and lower points.

Key word : Fisiografis factors, Process of making balinese traditional sugar and spreading of Balinese traditional sugar hosehold industry.

*) Dosen Pembimbing


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