Indonesian Journal of Educational Research and Review <hr /> <table class="data" width="100%"> <tbody> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Journal title</td> <td width="80%"><strong>Indonesian Journal of Educational Research and Review</strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Initials</td> <td width="80%"><strong>IJERR</strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Abbreviation</td> <td width="80%"><strong>indonesian j. educ. res. rev</strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Frequency</td> <td width="80%"><strong>Three issues per year </strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">DOI</td> <td width="80%"><strong>prefix 10.23887/ijerr</strong><strong><br /></strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Print ISSN</td> <td width="80%"><strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2621-4792</a></strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Online ISSN</td> <td width="80%"><strong><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2621-8984</a></strong></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Editor-in-chief</td> <td width="80%"><a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>I Wayan Widiana</strong></a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Publisher</td> <td width="80%"><a href=""><strong>Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha</strong></a></td> </tr> <tr valign="top"> <td width="20%">Organizer</td> <td width="80%"><strong>LPPM - Undiksha</strong></td> </tr> </tbody> </table> <hr /> <p><strong>Indonesian Journal of Educational Research and Review</strong> is an international journal which provides a forum for publishing research or review articles related to education and instruction. IJERR is published by Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha tri-annually: April, July, and October. Authors are required to register prior to submitting articles. </p> Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha en-US Indonesian Journal of Educational Research and Review 2621-4792 <p>Authors who publish with the Indonesian Journal of Educational Research and Review (IJERR)<strong> </strong>agree to the following terms:</p><ol><li>Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0)</a> that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. </li><li>Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.</li><li>Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. (See <a href="">The Effect of Open Access</a>)</li></ol> Impact of Situational Analysis on Implementation of Educational Innovations in Kenya: The Case of Competency Based Curriculum (CBC) <p>Educational innovation is inevitable in every society. A shift from 8:4:4 to 2:6:3:3:3 (CBC) system of education is ongoing and the new curriculum is taking a centre stage. Situational analysis is a prerequisite for an effective implementation of a new curriculum. However, gaps have been exhibited that are impediments to its effective implementation. The Purpose of this paper was to assess the impact of situational analysis on implementation of CBC. The objectives were to establish the extent: to which curriculum needs assessment were done towards CBC, to which necessary interventions have been taken to address the findings of the situational analysis and to find out the effects of curriculum needs assessment on implementation of CBC. This study reviewed relevant empirical literatures whose meta- analysis was guided by the work of Ferrer (1998). The study established that situational analysis was done towards dispensation of the CBC curriculum but some gaps remained that needed to be addressed before its roll out and continuous support where necessary. This study would necessarily illuminate on policy issues concerning curriculum theory and practice in Kenya.</p> Amos Otieno Wanjara Paul Okeyo Ogembo Copyright (c) 2024 Amos Otieno Wanjara, Paul Okeyo Ogembo 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 1 12 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.73505 Effectiveness of E-Rapor Implementation: Literature Review <p>Implementing <em>E-Rapor</em> (Electronic Report) in education has become an exciting research topic that has captured the attention of numerous researchers. Based on the findings of a literature review, <em>E-Rapor</em> aims to bring benefits and positive impacts to the field of education, promoting its growth in the current digital era. However, researchers have also noted several limitations in using the <em>E-Rapor</em>-based information system, including difficulties in its application for information processing, competence planning, and data management. This research seeks to analyze gaps in the learning outcomes achieved by students when the E-Report application system is implemented compared to traditional or manual assessment methods. The data collection method employed in this study is a literature review, which involves gathering secondary data from various reputable sources. As for the research instrument used, the researchers have formulated five research questions that serve as valuable guides throughout the data collection process. The results of the discussion show that E-Reports are useful for regularly assessing student abilities by educators and school employees, allowing quick intervention when necessary, and increasing overall educational efficiency. Due to this, the author recommends further research to understand the impact of using E-Reports on learning outcomes and educational management to be comprehensive.</p> Faradina Milla Maula Setya Raharja Udik Budi Wibowo Copyright (c) 2024 FARADINA MILLA MAULA 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 13 25 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.62505 Computational Thinking in Mathematics Education Across Five Nations <p style="margin-top: 6.0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-AU" style="font-size: 9.0pt;">Computational Thinking (CT) has been declared as the basic literacy of the 21st century, as well as reading literacy and numeracy literacy. Awareness about the importance of ICT has been responded very well by various countries by including CT in the school curriculum. This study aimed to analyze the comparison of the integration of CT in mathematics education in 5 countries, namely China, Singapore, United Kingdom (UK), Canada and the United States of America (USA). This study used a systematic literature review method that was carried out with the PRISMA protocol. This study started from identifying the process, assessing, and interpreting all available research evidence. The design used is to summarize, review, and analyse 43 articles in the Scopus database that are very relevant to the research object. The results of the study found that, most research on the integration of CT in mathematics education had been conducted in the USA. The type of research conducted in China was dominated by quantitative research while in Canada and it tended to be qualitative. In China, UK, Canada and USA, most of the research was carried out at the Elementary School level, while in Singapore was carried out at the Junior High School level. This result implies valuable insights for policymakers and educators regarding effective strategies for integrating CT in mathematics learning.</span></p> I Made Suarsana Tatang Herman Elah Nurlaelah Irianto Estrella R. Pacis Copyright (c) 2024 I Made Suarsana, Tatang Herman, Elah Nurlaelah, Irianto Irianto, Estrella R. Pacis 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 26 35 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.68202 Socioscientific Issue-Based Decision Making at Elementary School: Bibliometric Analysis <p>Decision making is a very important ability possessed by individuals at this time, especially in solving socio-scientific issues. The purpose of this study was to analyze research trends regarding socio-scientific issue-based decision making in elementary schools by conducting a bibliometric analysis of bibliographic data on technical research articles indexed by Google Scholar by combining analysis in terms of bibliometric map distribution using VOS viewer software. The research data was obtained from Google Scholar database through the Publish or Perish reference management application. The data filtering process was carried out based on the keywords "decision making and socio-scientific issues" contained in the topic, title, keywords, and abstract domains. The tracing was carried out on articles published from 2006 to 2022. From the search results obtained 23 relevant articles. The results showed that research on decision making based on socio-scientific issues was mostly carried out in 2010 and 2014. Research on decision making based on socio-scientific issues was rarely carried out at the elementary school level. So, it can be concluded that the opportunity for developing research regarding decision-making based on socio-scientific issues at the elementary school level is very large. Therefore, it is hoped that this study can provide references and considerations in seeking further research fields, especially those related to decision-making based on socio-scientific issues in elementary schools.</p> Galih Dani Septiyan Rahayu Bunyamin Maftuh Sapriya Wahyu Sopandi Copyright (c) 2023 Galih Dani Septiyan Rahayu, Bunyamin Maftuh, Sapriya Sapriya, Wahyu Sopandi 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 36 48 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.68717 Trend of Realistic Mathematics Education Research on Indonesian Elementary Schools between 2013 and 2022 <p>Research on Realistic Mathematics Education or RME is one of the most widely conducted for mathematics subjects, specifically in Indonesia. This study aims to analyze the articles on RME topics in Indonesian elementary schools between 2013 and 2022. This study employed a qualitative approach using a content analysis method. This study has found that the number of publications on RME topics in Indonesian elementary schools has fluctuated between 2013 and 2022. There were 155 Sinta-accredited, even Scopus-indexed journals with 265 articles published. Java was the location of the majority of research. Among hundreds of publications, quantitative research was mostly found. In addition, the majority of the research subjects were fifth-grade students. The most frequently examined research object is learning outcome. Measurement and geometry were the most chosen topic in research. Test was the most commonly used data collection technique, and percentage was the most frequently used data analysis method. Several recommendations are included as implications of this study. The source of data and the range of publication years are limitations of this study.</p> Eko Pradipta Kurnaedi Rahayu Condro Murti Nur Afifah Copyright (c) 2023 Eko Pradipta, Rahayu Condro Murti, Nur Afifah 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 49 60 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.68391 Analyzing The Evolution of Environmental Literacy Research in 21st Education: A Bibliometric Analysis from 2001 to 2022 <p>Environmental literacy has emerged as a paramount subject to be studied and ingrained in individuals in the 21st century due to the rising concerns over environmental problems. Hence, this research is aimed at analyzing the development of environmental literacy topics in the educational context in the 2001-2022 period to understand the development and potential of this research in the future. This study used the bibliometric analysis method with data sourced from Scopus. Out of 518 articles obtained, only 386 met the criteria for performance analysis and scientific mapping using Publish or Perish and VoSViewer software. The result showed that the development of environmental literacy in the educational context has increased both in terms of publication productivity and the number of citations. The United States, Indonesia, and Turkey contributed the most. Although overall the issues raised are still dominated by environmental literacy and environmental education, there has been a shift in the last three years. The result of this study indicates that the subject of environmental literacy within educational settings remains both compelling and pertinent for future exploration. These findings have implications for the urgency of expanding the scope of environmental literacy research in the educational context to issues that are still limited. Consequently, this study can serve as a roadmap for researchers to establish new research directions, enrich existing knowledge, and make a more substantial contribution to developing environmental literacy in educational contexts in the 21st century.</p> Dimas Febriansyah Krisna Dwiputra Enok Maryani Susanti Copyright (c) 2024 Dimas Febriansyah Krisna Dwiputra, Enok Maryani, Susanti 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 61 72 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.67512 Internal Quality Assurance System in Indonesia Higher Education: Literature Review <p>The importance of Quality Assurance (QA) is increasing worldwide, particularly in developed countries where products and services are prominent. The aims of this study analyze a comprehensive and essential comprehension of Internal Quality Assurance in Indonesian Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). The main approach utilised in this study involved doing a literature review, wherein relevant literature from many reliable sources was identified and subsequently filtered based on its relevance. This study emphasises four research topics that warrant thorough investigation. The implementation of the SPMI (System of Internal Quality Assurance) in multiple Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) has been effectively executed, with the involvement of quality assurance bodies at the university, faculty, and study programme levels. Furthermore, there is the preparedness of SPMI documentation, the execution of the quality cycle, and the implementation of Internal Quality Audit by the Audit Team. It is imperative to consistently and sustainably implement SPMI in Indonesian Higher Education Institutions (HEIs). This will lead to an improvement in quality and the ability to satisfy stakeholders through the effective execution of the University's trifocal functions, namely teaching, research, and services.</p> Novihta Sampe Zainal Arifin Copyright (c) 2024 Novihta Sampe, Zainal Arifin2 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 73 84 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.67925 Thematic Learning in the Independent Curriculum in Elementary Schools Based on the Islamic Montessori Method for Multiple Intelligence <p>Recently, the practice of categorizing intelligent students and unintelligent students is a deeply ingrained phenomenon within the realm of education in Indonesia. Indeed, multiple specialists have verified that the attributes of intelligence vary among individual students. Hence, this study aims to revolutionize theme education in primary schools by implementing an autonomous curriculum that is rooted in the Islamic Montessori for Multiple Intelligence approach. This study employs the library research methodology, utilizing primary and secondary data derived from printed or digital sources such as books, journals, and magazines. The outcome of this discussion is to generate a set of activities for different domains of learning. These activities include folding clothes or buttoning clothes for the Islamic Studies domain, hand washing for the practical life domain, matching pictures with zones for the sensorial domain, matching words for the language domain, matching numbers for the mathematical domain, matching fruit with pictures for the cultural realm, and drawing or creating ecobricks for the arts &amp; crafts realm. These diverse educational approaches involve the creation of a curriculum centered around the Islamic Montessori for Multiple Intelligence method, with the aim of promoting a healthy and virtuous lifestyle. These methods can be effectively utilized by teachers during classroom instruction. Through the development of diverse learning activities, education will be conducted in a more comprehensive manner, tailored to the individual traits and capabilities of each student. This approach to designing educational activities can thereafter be implemented in the instruction of young children in primary schools.</p> Krisna Wijaya Ridho Gata Wijaya Jaziela Huwaida Cecep Sobar Rochmat Copyright (c) 2024 Krisna Wijaya, Ridho Gata Wijaya 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 85 97 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.66794 Understanding the Complexities of Educational Change Resistance amongst Academic Staffs <p>The resistance change in the educational system has been observed among school curriculum as a result of change of government. The research aimed to delve into the intricacies of resistance to educational change among primary school academic staffs. Qualitative approach design was adopted. Convenient sampling technique was used to select ten participants through utilizing an online survey interview method. The tool utilized for this investigation was the Educational Change Resistance Interview (ECRI). Thematic qualitative design was used to analyses the data collected. Analysis of the gathered data led to the identification of recurring themes. The findings underscored the nuanced and multifaceted nature of educational change, emphasizing the need for a comprehensive and context-specific comprehension of academic staffs' viewpoints, experiences, and the various influencing factors impacting their resistance or acceptance of change. Moreover, the study highlighted potential strategies to mitigate resistance to educational change, including aspects such as compensation, motivation, support and training, as well as effective communication and involvement strategies. In conclusion, this research offers valuable insights into the challenges and opportunities associated with educational change in primary schools, laying the groundwork for future efforts to foster a culture of resilience, collaboration, and innovation within the educational sector.</p> Adekola Kamil Lasisi Fatimah Oreagba Habibat Bolanle Abdulkareem Copyright (c) 2024 Adekola Kamil LASIS, OREAGBA, Fatimah 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 98 106 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.73467 Principals’ Fund Management Strategies and School Administrative Effectiveness <p>A lack of prudence and mismanagement of school funds by the principals could give rise to poor student performance since it might slow down the acquisition of essential materials for teaching and learning. This study analyzes the relationship between principals’ fund management strategies and school administrative effectiveness. It assessed principals' budgetary practices, the perceived level of administrative effectiveness, and the relationship between fund management on secondary schools' effectiveness. Two research questions and one hypothesis were generated for the study. The research design was the descriptive survey type. The population of the study comprised all the one hundred and thirty-two (132) secondary schools. The total number of respondents included forty (40) principals representing 30% of the population, who were selected using the stratified random sampling technique. A self-designed questionnaire titled "Principals’ Fund Management Strategies and School Administrative Effectiveness in Secondary Schools Questionnaire (PFMSSAEQ)" was used for data collection, and Pearson's Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (r) yielded a reliability coefficient of 0.76. The results showed that principals kept accurate records of expenditure, had an average level of effectiveness, and had a significant influence on fund management in secondary schools. It was recommended that principals be strictly monitored by the Ministry of Education to ensure that they continue to maintain accurate record-keeping because of its role in effective fund management in secondary schools.</p> Adeseko Sunday Olaifa Sodiq Ajala Ebunlomo Oreoluwa Olaifa Abiodun Johnson Medupin Moses Adeleke Adeoye Copyright (c) 2023 Adeseko Sunday Olaifa, Sodiq Ajala, Ebunlomo Oreoluwa Olaifa, Abiodun Johnson Medupin, Moses Adeleke Adeoye 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 107 115 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.69972 The Importance of Social Capital in Developing Students' Literacy Skills in Elementary Schools <p>Instilling literacy skills from an early age has a significant impact in forming the basis of a child's development and leads to strong literacy skills in the future. This research aims to analyze the role of social capital in growing student literacy in elementary schools. The method used in this research is library research. The procedures for researching this literature are (a) formulating the problem, (b) collecting data, (c) evaluating the suitability of the data, (d) analyzing and interpreting relevant data, and (e) organizing and presenting the results. Recognition of the important role of social capital in fostering literacy skills from an early age in elementary school is key to ensuring that future generations have a strong literacy foundation that will help them succeed in their education and everyday life. This article explains the importance of social capital in fostering literacy skills from an early age through the role of family, school and community. The results of this research support that investing in social capital for students' literacy education has a long-term impact in improving their literacy skills in the future.</p> Ari Wibowo Dhiniaty Gularso Okti Purwaningsih Copyright (c) 2024 Ari Wibowo, Dhiniaty Gularso, Okti Purwaningsih 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 116 127 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.68144 Exploring Challenges and Strategies for Improving the Quality of Education : Integrative Literature Review <p style="margin-top: 6.0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-AU" style="font-size: 9.0pt;">The issue of low-quality education on a global scale, particularly pronounced in Indonesia, presents multifaceted challenges spanning from elementary to tertiary education levels. This study endeavors to explore these challenges comprehensively and proffer strategies aimed at ameliorating education quality. By conducting an extensive literature review comprising 18 articles sourced from esteemed databases including Science Direct, Scopus, Web of Science, EBSCO, and Google Scholar, a range of innovative solutions has been delineated. These encompass modular training paradigms, effective management methodologies within madrasahs, implementation of transformational leadership approaches, methodologies for fostering student engagement, integration of technology, and facilitation of innovative educators. Despite the intricate nature of the challenges encountered within the Indonesian education system, discernible prospects for innovation and enhancement persist. Active engagement of stakeholders, notably teachers and school principals, emerges as pivotal for instigating sustainable changes. Furthermore, the identification of research lacunae, notably in the domain of early childhood education, underscores the imperative for a more expansive research agenda. This study stands to significantly enrich the understanding of education challenges and pioneering strategies, thus laying a robust groundwork for future advancements in education quality.</span></p> Nur Hidayat Fitri Andriani Nono Hery Yoenanto Copyright (c) 2024 Nur Hidayat, Fitri, Nono 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 128 141 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.73824 A Systematic Review of Extant of Literature in Weight Loss Marketing <p style="margin-top: 6.0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-AU" style="font-size: 9.0pt;">Obesity is a concern throughout the world, in today's digital age many items are marketed as weight loss aids via social media platforms. The main purpose is to analyze studying weight loss marketing, what are the current issues investigated and what is going to be the direction of the topic globally. The paper employed a systematic review of literature in which 34 research papers were investigated. These 34 papers were searched from four databases namely; Google Scholar, Microsoft, Base, Global Health and Research gate. The findings reveal that four topics are studies frequently by the researchers from the studies reviewed. These main topics frequently covered are; the weight loss products development initiatives; the tools/technologies employed in the weight loss marketing; the way the weight loss products have been promoted using different tools and mechanism including the social media and digital marketing platforms and the last topic which attracted the attention of many researchers was on the misrepresentation of the material facts regarding the weight loss products. The findings further reveal that little has been studies regarding the effects/impact of sports marketing on organizational performance from the literature we have reviewed.</span></p> Omary Swallehe Kardo Mwilongo Copyright (c) 2023 Omary Swallehe, Kardo Mwilongo 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 142 153 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.61295 Meritocracy, the Reproduction of Inequality, and the Academic Scandal in Indonesia: Philosophical Perspective of Michael Sandel <p>The practice of academic cheating is one of the biggest scandals in the educational process at various universities throughout Indonesia. This study aims to elaborate on the issue from Michael Sandel's philosophical criticism of the tyranny of meritocracy and the reproduction ofeducational inequality. The research uses the literature review research method, which is carried out by identifying, analyzing, and interpreting Sandel's works critically, especially his book, <em>The Tyranny of Merit: What Becomes the Common Good?</em> The results of this study indicate that academic cheating in university is not only the result of personal academic incompetence or degradation of personal moral integrity but mainly the result of the educational system and paradigm that exalts and adores meritocracy. Under the tyranny of meritocracy, the academicians concentrate on pursuing academic titles and individual pride rather than being an organic and humanistic intellectual. It can be concluded that under meritocracy, the education system fails to implement its humanistic and liberating role and instead reproduces the new social inequality and oppression. This research has implications for the revitalization of education’s role as an agent of liberation, equality, and justice in Indonesia.</p> Peter Tan Oktovianus Kosat Copyright (c) 2024 Peter Tan, Oktovianus Kosat 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 154 168 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.66253 Kaleidoscope of Inclusion: Mapping Music Learning Methods through the Lens of Contemporary Early Childhood Education Literature <p>The use of music learning methods in inclusive schools is considered as an innovative way to create an inclusive environment that stimulates children's holistic development. Even so, not many are aware of the urgency of music as a tool to achieve this inclusion, so a more in-depth study is needed. This study aims to analyze the role of music learning methods in inclusive early childhood education (ECE) in the contemporary era. Using a Systematic Literature Review (SLR) approach, this research aims to collect, review and analyze literature related to the use of music learning methods in inclusive ECE. Data collection techniques involve conducting a structured and comprehensive search on trusted databases. The data analysis process involved selecting literature based on inclusion and exclusion criteria, considering the relevance of articles and the necessary information. The results of the literature analysis found that music learning methods play an important role in creating an inclusive environment that stimulates early childhood participation and development. Music can open doors of communication, increase social interaction, and stimulate the creativity of inclusive children.</p> Santi Nisfi Anggraeni Leli Kurniawati Copyright (c) 2024 Santi Nisfi Anggraeni 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 169 181 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.72158 Moral Emotion and Moral Identity on Moral Judgement Maturity Among Malaysian Secondary School Students <p>In preparation for the challenges of the real world and life after school, moral judgement stands as a pivotal skill among Malaysian secondary school students. Understanding the moral motivating factors contributing to the development of moral judgement maturity is imperative. Therefore, this study aims to analyze the relationships between moral motivation components—specifically, moral emotion (guilt and shame) and moral identity—and moral judgement among Malaysian secondary school students. A sample of 393 students (170 males, 223 females; M age = 16 years) from Selangor state participated in the study. Structural equation modelling (SEM) was utilised to analyse the predictive associations between these constructs. The findings revealed positive correlations among moral emotion, moral identity, and moral judgement. Notably, both guilt and shame, as well as moral identity, were found to be significantly related to students' moral judgement maturity. These results suggest that the tendency for experiencing guilt and shame, along with a heightened moral identity, play pivotal roles in shaping the moral judgement maturity of secondary school students, potentially fostering their moral development. This study contributes valuable insights into the mechanisms linking emotions and identity to moral judgement maturity, offering significant implications for the field of moral psychology.</p> Sathish Rao Appalanaidu Vishalache Balakrishnan Siaw Yan-Li Copyright (c) 2024 Sathish Rao Appalanaidu, Vishalache Balakrishnan, Siaw Yan-Li 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 182 190 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.76114 Are University Librarians Thoughtful About Knowledge Management? A Case with Private Universities in Bangladesh <p style="margin-top: 6.0pt; line-height: normal;"><span lang="EN-AU" style="font-size: 9.0pt;">Librarians contribute significantly to the efficient implementation of KM projects as custodians and disseminators of information within the organization. This research provides an overall picture of KM in private university libraries in Bangladesh. The primary aim of this study is to analyze the present status of KM practices in private university libraries in Bangladesh. Library professionals’ level of understanding of KM as well as the methods of recording knowledge in these libraries is also identified. This is a quantitative study. A structured survey questionnaire was distributed among the 11 private university library professionals of Bangladesh to collect primary data. The overall response rate was 89.1%. The collected data has been analyzed by IBM SPSS Statistics Version 25 Software. The results revealed that there is no formal theoretical as well as practical application of KM in Bangladesh’s private university libraries. The library professionals’ understanding of KM is at a generally satisfactory level. The present study also suggests that the most frequently utilized methods to record tacit and explicit knowledge in these libraries are ‘Social interaction’ and ‘Journals’ respectively.</span></p> Sk Mamun Mostofa Tauhidur Rahman Tonmoy Copyright (c) 2023 Sk Mamun Mostofa , Tauhidur Rahman Tonmoy 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 191 203 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.72036 Comparative Analysis: Conceptualization of Teacher Quality in Indonesia and Singapore <p>Various countries have attempted to create standards of teacher competency that must be possessed with the ultimate goal of improving the quality of teachers and the education system in educational institutions. The purpose of this study is to analyze and compare the conception of teacher quality in the education systems of Indonesia and Singapore. The research method used in this study involves a literature review of articles and books that discuss the conception of teacher quality in Indonesia and Singapore. The steps in this research include topic identification, literature search, literature selection, literature evaluation, literature analysis, interpretation of analysis result, and article writing. The results of this this research indicate that Singapore is known to have one of the best education systems in the world, with a strong focus on teacher quality. Singapore has successfully developed high-quality teachers and provided strong support for the teaching profession. The teacher recruitment system in Singapore is highly selective and competitive, with high standars to ensure that prospective teachers have high competence. Meanwhile, Indonesia still faces challenges in improving the quality and welfare of teachers. However, there have been many efforts made to improve the education system and enhance teacher quality, namely through teacher quality improvement programs such as the Teacher Professional Education (Pendidikan Profesi Guru - PPG) and the Teacher Certification Program.</p> Ummu Khairiyah Pance Mariati Nadi Suprapto Neni Mariana Copyright (c) 2024 Ummu Khairiyah, Pance Mariati 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 204 213 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.64203 Learning the Value of Character Education from Indonesian Animation Series: Adit & Sopo Jarwo <p>It is urgent to carry out character education because with the provision of character education students will be able to empower their potential to build their personal character so that they are able to become individuals who are beneficial to themselves and their environment. Focus and aim of this research is to analyze the value of character education from the Indonesian Animation Series: Adit Sopo Jarwo for elementary school students. Type of research used is a qualitative research method with a descriptive type. The data sampling technique used purposive sampling and the samples in this study were fourth grade elementary school students and teachers who taught in that class. The research procedure used in this research uses qualitative data analysis techniques, namely data collection, data reduction, presenting data in descriptive form and making conclusions. Data collection techniques were carried out using interviews and observations. Based on the research that has been carried out, the results and conclusions are obtained that the Indonesian Animation series Adit &amp; Sopo Jarwo has character education value, namely the mutual cooperation character in the episode <em>"Serunya Kerja Bakti dan Tamasya Bersama"</em> and the independent character in the episode <em>"Bunda Pergi Adel Mandiri"</em>, so that the Indonesian Animation series Adit &amp; Sopo Jarwo can be used as audio visual media to instill the character of mutual cooperation and independence in elementary school students.</p> Viviani Nurmala Sujarwo Aprilia Tina Lidyasari Ikhlasul Ardi Nugroho Banu Setyo Adi Sekar Purbarini Kawuryan Copyright (c) 2024 Viviani Nurmala, Sujarwo, Aprilia Tina Lidyasari, Ikhlasul Ardi Nugroho, Banu Setyo Adi, Sekar Purbarini Kawuryan 2024-04-27 2024-04-27 7 1 214 225 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.65484 Unidimensional and Multidimensional Reliability Coefficient of Karmapatha Philosophy-based Student Behavior Questionnaire <p>Guidance and Counseling teachers often highlight student behavior, especially in Junior High Schools. This is because many junior high school students' behavior contains anomalies compared to the school rules in the student handbook. The purpose of this research is to create a student behavior questionnaire based on the teachings of <em>karmapatha</em> that has a standard when assessed based on the reliability of the questionnaire. This research is a type of instrument calibration research. The population of this study was all students of grade VIII junior high school, with the sample being the answers of 100 students selected by purposive sampling. Data collection methods with tests. The results of data analysis obtained unidimensional reliability, student behavior questionnaire based on <em>karmapatha</em> teachings before being corrected by spurious overlap effect obtained rxx' coefficient of 0.850 meets the feasibility to be used as a research instrument; and when examined from unidimensional reliability, student behavior questionnaire based on <em>karmapatha</em> teachings after being corrected by spurious overlap effect obtained rxx' coefficient of 0.853. Multidimensional reliability, the <em>karmapatha</em> teaching-based student behavior questionnaire, before being corrected by the spurious overlap effect, obtained an αs coefficient of 0.945. and when examined from multidimensional reliability, the <em>karmapatha</em> teaching-based student behavior questionnaire, after being corrected by the spurious overlap effect, obtained an αs coefficient of 0.942, overall meeting the feasibility to be used as a research instrument.</p> I Gusti Ngurah Puger Copyright (c) 2024 I Gusti Ngurah Puger 2024-05-25 2024-05-25 7 1 226 239 10.23887/ijerr.v7i1.77860