Filsafat dan Sejarah Perkembangan Ilmu

Siti Mariyah, Ahmad Syukri, Badarussyamsi Badarussyamsi, Ahmad Fadhil Rizki

Abstract


Philosophy is a science that is extensive, meaning that it is closely related to our daily lives. In fact, it can be said that philosophy is the driving force of our daily lives as individuals and as collective human beings in the form of a society or nation. Bertrand Russell explained that “between theology and science lies in a no man's land. This area is under attack by both theology and science. This no man's land is called "philosophy". Philosophy is said to be the "matter scientiarum" which is the mother of all sciences. Everyone who wants to learn the meaning of life must know the science of philosophy. Dr. Surajiyo in his book "An Introduction to Philosophy" stated that "philosophizing is nothing but living thinking and thinking deeply about life (living thought and thoughtful living). Philosophy of science is not just a methodology or procedure for writing scientific papers. Philosophy of science is a philosophical reflection of the nature of science that will not recognize a stopping point in reaching the target to be achieved, namely truth and reality. Understanding the philosophy of science means understanding the intricacies of science so that the most basic aspects and joints, to understand the perspective of science, the possibility of its development, and the interrelationships between branches of science with one another It can be concluded that philosophy is a science that studies seriously the nature of the truth of all things. Science is a method of thinking objectively in describing and giving meaning to the real world and has principles to organize and systematize. The indicators of science are: Accumulative, the truth is not absolute, objective. There are six phases of scientific development, including; Pre-Ancient Greece Phase, Ancient Greek Phase, Medieval Age Phase, Renaissance Age phase, Modern era phase, and the last Contemporary Age phase


Keywords


Philosophy, History of the Development of Science

Full Text:

PDF

References


Amsal Bakhtiar. 2008. Filsafat Ilmu (edisi revisi). Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada

Haidar Bagirr dan Zainal Abidin, Filsafat Sains Islami; Kenyataan atau Khayalan, 1998, Bandung: Mizan

Jujun S. Suriasumantri, Filsafat Ilmu; Sebuah Pengantar Populer, 1996, Jakarta: Sinar Harapan

Knight, George R. 2007. Filsafat Pendidikan (Terjemahan oleh: Mahmud Arif). Yogyakarta: Gama Media.

Mujamil Qomar, Epistemologi Pendidikan Islam; Dari Metode Rasional Hingga Metode Kritik, 2007, Jakarta: Erlangga

A.M. Saefuddin et.al, Desekularisasi Pemikiran; Landasan Islamisasi, 1998, Bandung: Mizan.

Miska Muhammad Amien, Epistemologi Islam; Pengantar Filsafat Pengetahuan Islam

M. Zainuddin, Filsafat Ilmu Perspektif Pemikiran Islam, 2006, Jakarta: Lintas Pustaka

Mohammad Adib, Filsafat Ilmu Ontologi, Epistemologi, Aksiologi, dan Logika Ilmu Pengetahuan, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar

Noeng Muhadjir, Filsafat Ilmu;Telaah sistematis Fungsional Komparatif, 1998, Yogyakarta: Rake Sarasin

Poedjawijatna, Tahu dan Pengetahuan; Pengantar Ilmu Filsafat, 1991, Jakarta: Rineka Cipta

Redja Mudyahardjo, Filsafat Ilmu Pendidikan, 2010, Bandung: Remaja Rosda Karya

Salam, Burhanuddin . 2005. Pengantar Filsafat. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Surajiyo . 2010. Filsafat Ilmu dan Perkembangannya di Indonesia. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Toto Suharto, Filsafat Pendidikan Islam, Menguatkan Epistemologi Islam dalam Penidikan, 2020, Jogjakarta: Ar Ruz Media.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jfi.v4i3.36413

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1988 times
PDF file view : 3745 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Jurnal ini diterbitkan oleh :



Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha

Creative Commons License

Jurnal Filsafat Indonesia is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Jurnal Filsafat Indonesia indexed by:

Akreditasi SINTA 5    Crossref JPI


Creative Commons License

Jurnal Filsafat Indonesia is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.