Project-Based Learning Based On Stem (Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics) Enhancing Students Science Knowledge Competence

Putu Lely Somya Prabawati, Gusti Ngurah Sastra Agustika

Abstract


Student scientific literacy is still low categorized. One of the reasons is that students are memorizing natural science (IPA) materials, which result in poor understanding of science concepts. This study examines the effectiveness of the STEM Oriented Project Based Learning model for elementary science knowledge competencies. This type of research is a Quasi-experiment using Nonequivalent Control Group Design. The study population was fifth-grade elementary school students, 209 students. This study uses two sample groups, the experimental group, and the control group. The research sample was obtained through random sampling techniques and had passed the equality test. The experimental group in this study amounted to 33 students, and the control group was 30 students. Data were collected using an ordinary multiple-choice objective test and then analyzed by polled variance t-test. The data analysis results showed that t = 2,237> t table = 2,000, with a significance level of 5% and dk = 61 so that H0 was rejected. It means that there is an influence of science knowledge competence between the experimental and control groups. Applying the STEM-oriented project-based learning model can make students more motivated to learn to make it easier to understand science materials.


Keywords


effectiveness; pjbl; stem; science knowledge.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adiwiguna, P. S., Dantes, N., & Gunamantha, I. M. (2019). Pengaruh Model Problem Based Learning (Pbl) Berorientasi Stem Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Dan Literasi Sains Siswa Kelas V Sd Di Gugus I Gusti Ketut Pudja. Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar Indonesia, 3(2), 94–103.

Afriana, J., Permanasari, A., & Fitriani, A. (2016). Penerapan project based learning terintegrasi STEM untuk meningkatkan literasi sains siswa ditinjau dari gender. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan IPA, 2(2), 202. https://doi.org/10.21831/jipi.v2i2.8561

Amanda Roberts. (2012). A Justification for STEM Educatio. Technology and Engineering Teachere, May/June(June), 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1201783

Asghar, A., Ellington, R., Rice, E., Johnson, F., & Prime, G. M. (2012). Supporting STEM Education in Secondary Science Contexts. Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.7771/1541-5015.1349

Baidowi, A., Sumarmi, S., & Amirudin, A. (2015). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek terhadap Kemampuan Menulis Karya Ilmiah Geografi Siswa SMA. Jurnal Pendidikan Geografi, 20(1), 48–58. https://doi.org/10.17977/um017v20i12015p048

Becker, K., & Park, K. (2011). Effects of integrative approaches among science , technology , engineering , and mathematics ( STEM ) subjects on students ’ Learning : A preliminary meta-analysis. Journal of STEM Education, 12(5), 23–38. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0019454

Dewi, N. K. N. A. S., Garminah, N. N., & Pudjawan, K. (2013). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek (Project- Based Learning) Terhadap Hasil Belajar Ipa Siswa Kelas Iv Sd N 8 Banyuning. Mimbar PGSD Undiksha, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.23887/jjpgsd.v1i1.674

Diawati, L. P., Ardana, I. K., & Agustika, G. N. S. (2019). Pengaruh Model Children’s Learning In Science Berbantuan Media Audio Visual Terhadap Kompetensi Pengetahuan IPA. Mimbar Ilmu, 24(1), 96–104. https://doi.org/10.23887/mi.v24i1.17452

Evitasari, A. D., & Nurjanah, T. (2019). Optimalisasi Hasil Belajar Ipa Melalui Model Project Based Learning Pada Peserta Didik Kelas IV. April, 59–65.

Ismayani, A. (2016). Pengaruh Penerapan STEM Project - Based Learning terhadap Kreativitas Matematis Siswa SMK. Indonesian Digital Journal of Mathematics and Education, 3, 264–272. https://doi.org/2407-8530

Jagantara, I. W. M., Adnyana, P. B., & Widiyanti, N. P. (2014). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek (Project Based Learning) Terhadap Hasil Belajar Biologi Ditinjau Dari Gaya Belajar Siswa SMA. E-Journal Program Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha Program Studi IPA, 4(1), 1–13.

Jauhariyyah, F. R., Suwono, H., & Ibrohim. (2017). Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics Project Based Learning ( STEM-PjBL ) pada Pembelajaran Sains. Pros. Seminar Pend. IPA Pascasarjana UM, 2, 432–436. http://tiny.cc/p4jjlz

Khairiyah, N. 2019. Pendekatan Science, Technology, Engineering, Dan Mathematics (STEM). Guepedia.

Khanifah, L. N. (2019). Pengaruh Penggunaan Model Project Based Learning Dan Keterampilan Kolaborasi Terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas Iv Sekolah Dasar Pada Tema Cita-Citaku. Jurnal Review Pendidikan Dasar : Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan Dan Hasil Penelitian, 5(1), 900. https://doi.org/10.26740/jrpd.v5n1.p900-908

Khoiriyah, N., Abdurrahman, A., & Wahyudi, I. (2018). Implementasi pendekatan pembelajaran STEM untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa SMA pada materi gelombang bunyi. Jurnal Riset Dan Kajian Pendidikan Fisika, 5(2), 53. https://doi.org/10.12928/jrkpf.v5i2.9977

Lutfi, Ismail, & Azis, A. A. (2017). Pengaruh project based learning terintegrasi stem terhadap literasi sains , kreativitas dan hasil belajar peserta didik. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Biologi Dan Pembelajarannya, 189–194.

Mayasari, T., Kadarohman, A., & Rusdiana, D. (2014). Pengaruh Pembelajaran Terintegrasi Science , Technology , Engineering , And Mathematics ( Stem ) Pada Hasil Belajar Peserta Didik : Studi Meta Analisis. 371–377.

Nugraha, A. R., Kristin, F., & Anugraheni, I. (2018). Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Project Based Learning (Pjbl) Untuk Meningkatkan Kreativitas Dan Hasil Belajar IPA Pada Siswa Kelas 5 Sd. Kalam Cendekia, 6(4.1), 9–15. https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=http://jurnal.fkip.uns.ac.id/index.php/

Permanasari, A. (2016). STEM Education: Inovasi dalam Pembelajaran Sains. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Sains, 2016–2023. https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/173124-ID-stem-education-inovasi-dalam-pembelajara.pdf

Pusat Penilaian Pendidikan Kementerian Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan (Kemendikbud). Tersedia pada https://puspendik.kemdikbud.go.id/inap-sd/

Rais, M. (2010). PROJECT-BASED LEARNING : Inovasi Pembelajaran yang Berorientasi Soft skills. 1–18.

Rani, N. M. A. M., Ardana, I. K., & Oka Negara, I. G. A. (2019). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Talking Stick Berbantuan Lagu Tradisional Terhadap Kompetensi Pengetahuan Ipa. 24(3), 345–353.

Rati, N. W., Kusmaryatni, N., & Rediani, N. (2017). Model Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek, Kreativitas Dan Hasil Belajar Mahasiswa. JPI : Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia, 6(1), 60–71.

Stohlmann, M., Moore, T., & Roehrig, G. (2012). Considerations for Teaching Integrated STEM Education. Journal of Pre-College Engineering Education Research, 2(1), 28–34. https://doi.org/10.5703/1288284314653

Sugiyono. (2018). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif Kualitatif. Alfabeta.

Suwarma, I. R., Astuti, P., & Endah, E. N. (2015). “ Balloon Powered Car ” Sebagai Media Pembelajaran Ipa Berbasis Stem (Science , Technology , Engineering , and Mathematics). Prosiding Simposium Nasional Inovasi Dan Pembelajaran Sains 2015, 2015(Snips), 373–376. https://doi.org/10.1143/JJAP.49.080215

Torlakson, T. (2014). Innovate A Blueprint for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics in California Public Education. Californians Dedicated to Education Foundation, May, 52. http://www.cde.ca.gov/pd/ca/sc/documents/innovate.pdf

Trianto. 2014. Mendesain Model Pembelajaran Inovatif, Progresif, Dan Kontekstual. Jakarta: Prenadamedia

Winarni, J., Zubaidah, S., & H, S. K. (2016). STEM: apa, mengapa, dan bagaimana. In Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan IPA Pascasarjana UM (Vol. 1, pp. 976–984).

Yusuf, A Muri. 2015. Asasmen Dan Evaluasi Pendidikan Pilar Penyedia Informasi Dan Kegiatan Pengendalian Mutu Pendidikan. Jakarta : Prenadamedia Grup.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jisd.v4i4.26670

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 423 times
PDF file view : 108 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar


JURNAL ILMIAH SEKOLAH DASAR IS PUBLISHED BY:

LEMBAGA PENELITIAN DAN PENGABDIAN KEPADA MASYARAKAT (LPPM)

UNIVERSITAS PENDIDIKAN GANESHA

Jl. Udayana, Kampus Tengah, Singaraja-Bali
Kode Pos 81116
Telp. 0362-22928
Homepage: https://lppm.undiksha.ac.id
Email: wayan_widiana@yahoo.co.id


Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar terindeks oleh

 Akreditasi SINTA   




Creative Commons License

Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar memiliki lisensi Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.