Multihazard Study at Tourism Locations in The Citatah Karst Area

Main Article Content

Haikal Muhammad Ihsan
Alwan Husni Ramdhani


Multihazards at important tourism locations are identified for sustainable tourism. The Karst area has tourism assets that have the potential for multi-hazard disasters. This study aims to identify multihazards at tourism sites in the Citatah Karst Area, West Bandung Regency. Tourism locations are identified using a survey method. Multihazards are analyzed using a Geographic Information System (GIS) with map product output. Based on the analysis, there are four types of disasters at 13 tourist sites in the Citatah Karst Area. The relative landslide hazard lies in the southwest Karst Citatah area, which has 13 potentially dangerous tourism sites. The earthquake hazard lies in the southeast and northwest areas with 13 potentially dangerous tourism locations. The danger of flooding lies in the Citarum river basin southwest of the Citatah Karst, with three potentially dangerous tourist sites. The potential for extreme weather hazards does not dominate the Citatah Karst Area, so it is relatively safe. However, several locations are included in the high category, namely in the southeast and northwest of the Citatah Karst Area. Each Multihazard at a tourism location is divided into four classifications: not affected, low, medium, and high. This research can be helpful in the development of disaster-based sustainable tourism potential.

Article Details

Author Biography

Alwan Husni Ramdhani, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia

Ilmu Komunikasi


Abarna, R., Leo George, S., Balasubramani, K., Yuvaraj, S., Shekhar, S., Gnanappazham, L., Prasad, K.A., 2023. Estimating built-up risk from multi-natural hazards: A case study of Northern coastal plains of Tamil Nadu. Nat. Hazards Res. 3, 49–65.

Arvin, M., Beiki, P., Hejazi, S.J., Sharifi, A., Atashafrooz, N., 2023. Assessment of infrastructure resilience in multi-hazard regions: A case study of Khuzestan Province. Int. J. Disaster Risk Reduct. 88, 103601.

Cioccio, L., Michael, E.J., 2007. Hazard or disaster: Tourism management for the inevitable in Northeast Victoria. Tour. Manag. 28, 1–11.

Forth, R.A., Butcher, D., Senior, R., 1999. Hazard mapping of karst along the coast of the Algarve, Portugal. Eng. Geol. 52, 67–74.

Huang, W., Ho, H.C., Peng, Y., Li, L., 2016. Qualitative risk assessment of soil erosion for karst landforms in Chahe town, Southwest China: A hazard index approach. Catena 144, 184–193.

López-Saavedra, M., Martí, J., 2023. Reviewing the multi-hazard concept. Application to volcanic islands. Earth-Science Rev. 236.

Lyu, H.M., Yin, Z.Y., 2023. An improved MCDM combined with GIS for risk assessment of multi-hazards in Hong Kong. Sustain. Cities Soc. 91, 104427.

Mandal, P., Maiti, A., Paul, Sayantani, Bhattacharya, S., Paul, Suman, 2022. Mapping the multi-hazards risk index for coastal block of Sundarban, India using AHP and machine learning algorithms. Trop. Cyclone Res. Rev. 11, 225–243.

Mărgărint, M.C., Kovačić, S., Albulescu, A.C., Miljković, Đ., 2023. Natural multi-hazard risk perception and educational insights among Geography and Tourism students and graduates amid the Covid-19 pandemic. Int. J. Disaster Risk Reduct. 86, 103549.

Perrin, J., Cartannaz, C., Noury, G., Vanoudheusden, E., 2015. A multicriteria approach to karst subsidence hazard mapping supported by weights-of-evidence analysis. Eng. Geol. 197, 296–305.

Pueyo-Anchuela, Ó., Soriano, A.P.J.M.A., Casas-Sainz, A.M., 2009. Characterization of karst hazards from the perspective of the doline triangle using GPR - Examples from Central Ebro Basin (Spain). Eng. Geol. 108, 225–236.

Pueyo Anchuela, O., Casas Sainz, A.M., Pocoví Juan, A., Gil Garbí, H., 2015. Assessing karst hazards in urbanized areas. Case study and methodological considerations in the mantle karst from Zaragoza city (NE Spain). Eng. Geol. 184, 29–42.

Wang, L., Xiao, S., 2020. Tourism space reconstruction of a world heritage site based on actor network theory: A case study of the Shibing Karst of the South China Karst World Heritage Site. Int. J. Geoheritage Park. 8, 140–151.

Williams, A.M., Baláž, V., 2013. Tourism, risk tolerance and competences: Travel organization and tourism hazards. Tour. Manag. 35, 209–221.

Wood, N., Pennaz, A., Marineau, J., Jones, Jeanne, Jones, Jamie, Ng, P., Henry, K., 2022. Multi-hazard risk analysis for the U.S. Department of the Interior: An integration of expert elicitation, planning priorities, and geospatial analysis. Int. J. Disaster Risk Reduct. 82, 103385.

Youssef, A.M., Mahdi, A.M., Al-Katheri, M.M., Pouyan, S., Pourghasemi, H.R., 2023. Multi-hazards (landslides, floods, and gully erosion) modeling and mapping using machine learning algorithms. J. African Earth Sci. 197, 104788.

Pran Shiska, Yudo Prasetyo, Andri Suprayogi. 2017. Analisis Identifikasi Kawasan Karst Menggunakan Metode Polarimetrik Sar (Synthetic Aperture Radar) Dan Klasifikasi Supervised. Jurnal Geodesi Undip. Januari.Volume 6, Nomor 1, Tahun 2017, (ISSN: 2337-845X).

Widya Utama, Krishna Wijaya, Raden Aldi, Hasibatul Farida R, Budi, Suto. 2016. Inventarisasi Potensi Kawasan Karst Pamekasan, Madura Utara. Jurnal Geosaintek. 02 / 03 Tahun 2016.

Oki Oktariadi dan Edi Tarwedi. 2018. Klasifikasi kars untuk kawasan lindung dan kawasan budi daya: Studi Kasus Kars Bukit Bulan Kabupaten Sarolangun, Provinsi Jambi. Jurnal Lingkungan dan Bencana Geologi, Vol. 2 No. 1 April 2011: 1 – 19.

Irianto S, Solihin, Nasihin Z. 2020. Identifikasi bentang alam karst untuk penentuan kawasan konservasi dan budidaya daerah Cibarani dan sekitarnya, Kecamatan Cirinteun, Kabupaten Lebak, Provinsi Banten. J Teknik 21 (2): 47-53. [Indonesian].

Cvijic, J. 1914 Hydrographie souterraine et evolution morpho-logique du karst.

Gvozdeckij N.A. 1965. Voprosy tipologii iklassifikacii karsta SSSRA.

Sweeting, M.M. (1972) Karst Landforms, Macmillan, London.