PENGARUH MODEL SIKLUS BELAJAR 7E TERHADAP PEMAHAMAN KONSEP DAN KETERAMPILAN PROSES SISWA SMA NEGERI 1 SAWAN

Ni Putu Sri Ratna Dewi, Putu Budi Adnyana, I G A N Setiawan

Abstract


Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menganalisis perbedaan: (1) pemahaman konsep dan keterampilan proses antara siswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model siklus belajar 7E dengan siswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model pembelajaran langsung, (2) pemahaman konsep antara siswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model siklus belajar 7E dengan siswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model pembelajaran langsung, (3) keterampilan proses antara siswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model siklus belajar 7E dengan siswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model pembelajaran langsung. Penelitian ini merupakan kuasi eksperimen dengan rancangan The pretest-posttest Nonequivalent Control Group Design.Populasi penelitian berjumlah 192 siswa dan sampel penelitian yang digunakan adalah 130 orang. Dua instrumen pokok penelitian yaitu tes pemahaman konsep dan tes keterampilan proses (tes kinerja). Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dalam dua tahap, yaitu analisis statistik deskriptif dan analisis statistik inferensial.Untuk menguji hipotesis digunakan analisis MANOVA satu jalur. Berdasarkan hasil analisis, ditemukan hasil sebagai berikut.Pertama, ada perbedaan yang signifikan pemahaman konsep dan keterampilan proses antara siswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model siklus belajar 7E dengan siswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model pembelajaran langsung (F=2,99; p<0,05). Kedua, ada perbedaan yang signifikan pemahaman konsep antara siswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model siklus belajar 7E dengan siswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model pembelajaran langsung (F=132,516; p<0,05). Ketiga, ada perbedaan yang signifikan pemahaman konsep antara siswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model siklus belajar 7E dengan siswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model pembelajaran langsung (F=303,612; p<0,05).Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini dapat direkomendasikan bahwa model siklus belajar 7E dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif model pembelajaran untuk meningkatkan pemahaman konsep dan keterampilan proses siswa.

Kata-kata kunci: siklus belajar, 7E, pemahaman konsep, dan keterampilan proses

ABSTRACT

The aims of this study was to analyze the differences between: (1) conceptual understanding and process skill between students who studied through 7E learning cycle model with the students who studied through direct instruction model, (2) conceptual understanding between students who studied through 7E learning cycle model with the students who studied through direct instruction model, (3) process skill between students who studied through 7E learning cycle model with the students who studied through direct instruction model. This study was an quasy experimental study using the pretest-posttest nonequivalent control group design. The population of this study was 192 students and sample of this study who participated was 130 students. Two main instruments were students concept understanding test and process skill test. Data were analyzed in two steps, they were descriptive statistics and inferential statistics analysis. To examine the hypothesis, multivariate variants analysis with MANOVA one way was used. The result of study was stated below. First, there were significantly differences conceptual understanding and process skill between students who studied through 7E learning cycle model with the students who studied through direct instruction model between students who studied through 7E learning cycle model with the students who studied through direct instruction model (F=2,99; p<0,05). Second, there were the differences between conceptual understanding significantly between students who studied through 7E learning cycle model with the students who studied through direct instruction


model (F=132,516; p<0,05). Third, there were the differences between process skill significantly between students who studied through 7E learning cycle model with the students who studied through direct instruction model (F=303,612; p<0,05). Based on the result of study, it can be recommended that 7E learning cycle model can be applied as an alternative learning model in order to improve the students concept understanding and process skill.

Keywords: learning cycle, 7E, conseptual understanding, proses skill

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