ANALISIS PENGEMBANGAN MINAT WISATA BAHARI DI KAWASAN PESISIR KABUPATEN BULELENG

I Gede Ari Yudasmara

Abstract


Sumberdaya pesisir dan laut memiliki potensi yang sangat produktif baik sebagai sumber kehidupan, sumber pangan, tambang mineral, maupun untuk kawasan rekreasi. Berbagai bentuk pemanfaatan sangat cepat berkembang dan telah menjadi sektor andalan dalam pembangunan nasional, seperti misalnya pariwisata. Kondisi ini memberikan peluang bagi kawasan pesisir kabupaten Buleleng untuk dikembangkan menjadi obyek mina wisata bahari. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji dan meganalisis kondisi dan potensi sumberdaya alam pesisir-laut, aktivitas ekonomi wisata bahari, kondisi sosial budaya masyarakat lokal, dan tingkat kesesuaian kawasan pesisir Buleleng dalam menunjang aktivitas mina wisata bahari dan menghasilkan model pengelolaan mina wisata bahari di kawasan pesisir Buleleng yang terpadu dan berkelanjutan, dimana model tersebut secara terintegrasi melibatkan seluruh komponen ekologi/lingkungan, ekonomi dan sosial masyarakat untuk meningkatkan daya saing masyarakat Buleleng.

Penelitian ini didesain sebagai penelitian pengembangan yang meliputi 3 fase yaitu: (1) Preliminary research, (2) Prototyping dan Assesment, serta (3) Desimination dan Implementation

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa potensi sumberdaya pesisir Kabupaten Buleleng cukup tinggi dengan kondisi sumberdaya yang tergolong sedang.Tingkat kesesuaian dan daya dukung kawasan dalam menunjang kegiatan mina wisata bahari di kawasan Pesisir Buleleng dapat dikatakan sesuai berdasarkan hasil perhitungan menurut indeks kesesuaian kawasan untuk mina wisata bahari dengan daya dukung untuk kegiatan tersebut adalah tergolong cukup tinggi.

Kata-kata kunci: sistem dinamik, pemodelan, mina wisata bahari

Abstract: Coastal and marine resources have the potential for a very productive both as a source of life, food resources, mineral mining, as well as for recreational areas. Various forms of utilization growing very rapidly and has become a mainstay in the national development sectors, such as tourism. These conditions provide opportunities for the coastal region of Buleleng district to be developed into a maritime tourism. This study aims to assess and meganalisis conditions and natural resources of coastal - marine, marine tourism economic activity, social and cultural conditions of local communities, and the suitability of coastal areas in Buleleng support the activities of marine tourism and marine tourism yield management model in integrated and sustainable Buleleng coastal zone, which integrates the model involving all components of ecological/environmental, economic and social communities to improve the competitiveness of Buleleng communities.

This study was designed as a research development that includes 3 phases: (1) Preliminary research, (2) Prototyping and Assessment, and (3) Desimination and Implementation.

The results showed that the potential of Buleleng coastal resources is quite high belonging to the resources conditions is moderate. Suitability level and carrying capacity of the region to support the marine tourism activities in the coastal region of Buleleng can be said to fit based on calculations by the suitability index for the region with the marine tourism carrying capacity for the activity is quite high.

Keywords : dynamics system, modeling, marine tourism

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