BARONG KET SEBAGAI SENI PERTUNJUKAN DI DESA BATUBULAN, SUKAWATI, GIANYAR, BALI (LATAR BELAKANG DAN POTENSINYA SEBAGAI SUMBER SEJARAH DI SMA)

Made Pradnyana Putra ., Ketut Sedana Arta, S.Pd., M.Pd. ., Dra. Desak Made Oka Purnawati,M.Hum .

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan unutuk (1)Bagaimana latar belakang munculnya Seni Barong Ket sebagai seni pertunjukan, (2)Bagaimana sistem pementasan Barong Ket sebagai seni pertunjukan di Desa Batubulan, Sukawati, Gianyar, Bali, (3) Nilai-nilai apa saja yang terdapat dalam Barong Ket sebagai seni pertunjukan di Desa Batubulan, Sukawati, Gianyar, Bali yang dapat dipergunakan sebagai sumber pembelajaran sejarah. Dalam penelitian ini,menggunakan metode penelitian sejarah dengan tahap- tahap (1)Heuristik (Teknik Penentuan Informan, Teknik Observasi, Teknik Wawancara, Teknik Studi Dokumen) (2)Kritik Sumber,( Kritik Internal, Kritik Eksternal), (3)Interpretasi, (4)Historiografi. Penelitian ini menghasilkan temuan, yakni: (1)latar belakang munculnya Seni Barong Ket sebagai seni pertunjukan adalah perubahan tari Barong Ket yang awalnya disakralkan berubah menjadi tari profan yang khusus disuguhkan untuk wisatawan, (2)sistem pementasan Barong Ket sebagai seni pertunjukan di Desa Batubulan diawali dengan menghaturkan sesajen/canang di areal Stage, penari dan penabuh berias sebelum pementasan dimulai, pementasan Barong Ket terdiri dari lima babak, (3)Nilai-nilai apa saja yang terdapat dalam Barong Ket sebagai seni pertunjukan di Desa Batubulan, Sukawati, Gianyar, Bali yang dapat dipergunakan sebagai sumber pembelajaran sejarah adalah Nilai Hiburan, Nilai Religius, Nilai Mempertebal Rasa Solidaritas Sosial, Nilai Komunikasi, Nilai Estetika, Nilai Ekonomi.
Kata Kunci : Barong Ket, seni pertujukan, potensi, sumber belajar

This study aims to (1) How the background of the emergence of Barong Ket Art as the performing arts, (2)What about Barong Ket performance system as performing arts in Batubulan Village, Sukawati, Gianyar, Bali, (3)What values are contained in Barong Ket as performing arts in Batubulan Village, Sukawati, Gianyar, Bali that can be used as a source of historical learning. In this study, using historical research methods with stages (1)Heuristics (Determination Techniques Informants, Observation Techniques, Interview Techniques, Engineering Document Studies)(2) Source Criticism, (Internal Criticism, External Criticism), (3) Interpretation, (4) Historiography. This research produces the findings, namely: (1) the background of the emergence of Art Barong Ket as the performing arts is a change of Barong Ket dance that was originally sacred turned into a profane dance that is specially served for tourists, (2)Barong Ket staging system as performance art in Batubulan Village begins with the offering of the offerings in the Stage area, dancers and singers berias before the staging begins, Barong Ket staging consists of five rounds, (3)(3) What values are contained in Barong Ket as performing arts in Batubulan Village, Sukawati, Gianyar, Bali that can be used as a source of history learning is Value of Entertainment, Religious Value, Value of Social Solidarity, Communication Value, Aesthetic Value , Economic Value.
keyword : Barong Ket, performing arts, potential, learning resources

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jjps.v8i1.12562

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