Studi Komparatif Penggunaan Model Pembelajaran Treffinger Dan Problem Based Learning Terhadap Hasil Belajar TIK Siswa Kelas XI Di SMA Laboratorium Undiksha Singaraja

Ni Made Erna Maygayanti ., Dr. Ketut Agustini, S.Si, M.Si. ., I Made Gede Sunarya, S.Kom., M.Cs .

Abstract


Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui (1) perbedaan yang signifikan terhadap hasil belajar siswa yang menggunakan model pembelajaran Treffinger dan Problem Based Learning (PBL) pada mata pelajaran TIK, (2) respon siswa dalam penggunaan model Treffinger dan Problem Based Learning (PBL).
Rancangan penelitian ini adalah “Post Test Only With Non Equivalent Control Group Design”. Populasi dari penelitian ini yaitu seluruh siswa kelas XI SMA Laboratorium Undiksha. Sampel yang dipilih adalah kelas XI IPA1, XI IPA2, XI IPA3 yang berjumlah 76 orang. Kelas XI IPA2 digunakan sebagai kelas eksperimen 1 menggunakan model pembelajaran Treffinger, Kelas XI IPA1 digunakan sebagai kelas eksperimen 2 menggunakan model pembelajaran Problem Based Learning (PBL) dan Kelas XI IPA3 digunakan sebagai kelas kontrol menggunakan model pembelajaran konvensional. Terdapat dua jenis variabel dala penelitian ini yaitu (1) variabel bebas adalah model pembelajaran Treffinger, model pembelajaran Problem Based Learning (PBL) dan model pembelajaran Konvensional, (2) variabel terikat adalah hasil belajar siswa.
Data hasil belajar siswa dianalisis melalui uji prasyarat dengan hasil ketiga kelompok berdistribusi normal dan homogen. Uji hipotesis menggunakan rumus ANOVA Satu Jalur dilanjutkan dengan uji pasangan menggunakan rumus t-Schefee. Dari hasil uji hipotesis diperoleh hasil (1) terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan terhadap hasil belajar siswa yang menggunakan model pembelajaran Treffinger dan model pembelajaran Problem Based Learning (PBL) pada mata pelajaran TIK kelas XI di SMA Laboratorium Undiksha Singaraja, (2) nilai rata-rata hasil belajar kelompok Treffinger lebih tinggi dari kelompok Problem Based Learning (PBL) dan kelompok Konvensional. Rata-rata respon siswa terhadap model pembelajaran Treffinger mencapai 83,280, dan rata-rata hasil respon siswa terhadap model pembelajaran Problem Based Learning (PBL) mencapai 76,923 yang berkategori positif. Selain skor respon siswa dikatakan positif, hal ini juga dapat dilihat dari langkah-langkah pembelajaran Treffinger, dimana siswa mampu memahami materi yang dipelajari.

Kata Kunci : Studi Komparatif, model pembelajaran Treffinger, model pembelajaran Problem Based Learning(PBL), Hasil Belajar TIK dan Respon Siswa.

The purpose of this study to determine (1) a significant difference to student learning result using model Treffinger and Problem Based Learning (PBL) on the subjects of ICT, (2) the response of students in the use of models Treffinger and Problem Based Learning (PBL ).
The study design was a "Post Test Only With Non-Equivalent Control Group Design". The population of this research is all students of class XI SMA Undiksha Laboratory. The selected sample is a class XI IPA1, IPA2 XI, XI IPA3 totaling 76 people. Class XI IPA2 used as an experimental class 1 using model Treffinger, Class XI IPA1 use as an experimental class 2 using model Problem Based Learning (PBL) and Class XI IPA3 used as a control group using conventional learning models. There are two types of variables dala this study are (1) the independent variable is Treffinger learning models, learning model Problem Based Learning (PBL) and Conventional learning model, (2) the dependent variable is the student learning outcomes.
Were analyzed student learning outcomes through the prerequisite test with the results of the three groups of normal distribution and homogeneous. ANOVA hypothesis testing using the formula One Strip continued by couples using the formula t-Schefee. From the results of the hypothesis test result (1) a significant difference to the learning outcomes of students who use the learning model Treffinger and learning model Problem Based Learning (PBL) on the subjects of ICT in class XI SMA Laboratory Undiksha Singaraja, (2) the average value Treffinger group of learning outcomes is higher than the group of Problem Based learning (PBL) and Conventional groups. The average response to the students 'learning model Treffinger reached 83.280, and the average results of students' response to the learning model Problem Based Learning (PBL) reached 76.923 categorized positive. In addition to scores of students said to be a positive response, it also can be seen from the steps Treffinger learning, where students are able to understand the material being studied.

keyword : Comparative Study, Treffinger learning model, Problem Based Learning (PBL) learning model, student’s learning result of ICT and the students' responses.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/karmapati.v5i2.8212

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