Studi Komparatif Penggunaan Model Pembelajaran Group Investigation Dan Snowball Throwing Terhadap Motivasi Dan Hasil Belajar Pada Mata Pelajaran TIK Siswa Kelas X SMA Laboratorium Undiksha

Putu Yuni Prema Santi ., Dr. Ketut Agustini, S.Si, M.Si. ., Dr. Dewa Gede Hendra Divayana, S.Kom., M .

Abstract


Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui (1) perbedaan hasil belajar siswa yang menggunakan model pembelajaran Group Investigation (GI), Snowball Throwing (ST) dan Konvensional, (2) motivasi siswa terhadap model pembelajaran Group Investigation (GI), Snowball Throwing (ST), dan Konvensional (3) respon siswa terhadap model pembelajaran Group Investigation (GI) dan Snowball Throwing (ST).
Rancangan penelitian ini adalah Post Test Only With Nonequivalent Control Group Design. Populasi dari penelitian ini adalah seluruh siswa kelas X SMA Laboratorium Undiksha Singaraja yang berjumlah 204 siswa. Sebagai sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah kelas X4 dengan jumlah 28 siswa, X5 dengan jumlah 28 siswa, dan X7 dengan jumlah 29 siswa. Kelas X5 digunakan sebagai eksperimen 1 menggunakan model pembelajaran GI, kelas X7 digunakan sebagai eksperimen 2 menggunakan model pembelajaran ST, dan kelas X4 digunakan sebagai kelas kontrol, menggunakan model pembelajaran konvensional. Terdapat dua jenis variabel dalam penelitian ini, yaitu (1) variabel bebas adalah model pembelajaran GI, ST, dan Konvensional (2) variabel terikat adalah hasil belajar siswa.
Data hasil belajar siswa dianalisis melalui uji prasyarat dengan hasil ketiga kelompok berdistribusi normal dan homogen. Nilai rata-rata hasil belajar kelompok GI adalah 41.25, nilai rata-rata kelompok ST adalah 37.44, dan nilai rata-rata kelompok konvensional adalah 33.00. Berdasarkan hasil analisis tersebut, ada perbedaan yang signifikan, rata-rata hasil belajar siswa antara penggunaan model pembelajaran GI, Model Pembelajaran ST, dan model pembelajaran konvensional, serta rata-rata hasil belajar TIK siswa antara pembelajaran GI lebih tinggi daripada siswa yang menggunakan model pembelajaran ST dan siswa yang menggunakan model pembelajaran Konvensional. Rata-rata motivasi siswa terhadap penggunaan model pembelajaran GI, ST dan Konvensional dapat dikatakan bernilai tinggi. Rata-rata respon siswa terhadap model pembelajaran GI dan ST dapat dikatakan bernilai positif.

Kata Kunci : Studi Komparatif, model pembelajaran Group Investigation (GI), model pembelajaran Snowball Throwing (ST) , Motivasi dan Hasil Belajar Siswa.

The purpose of this study was to (1) difference of the student learning result use Group Investigation (GI) learning model, Snowball Throwing (ST) learning model and Konvensional learning model, (2) the student’s motivation to Group Investigation (GI) learning model, Snowball Throwing (ST) learning model and Konvensional learning model (3) the student’s responses to Group Investigation (GI) learning model and Snowball Throwing (ST) learning model .
The study design was a "Post Test Only With Non-Equivalent Control Group Design". The population of this research is all students of class X SMA Laboratorium Undiksha total 204. The samples of this study were class X4 with the total of 28 students, class X5 with the total of 28 students and class X7 with the total of 29 students. Class X5 was the class experiment 1 using GI learning model , Class X7 was the class experiment 2 by using ST learning model and class X4 was the class experiment 3 by using conventionals learning model. There are 2 variables, such as (1) variable independen are GI learning model, ST learning model, and Konvensional learning model, (2)Variable dependen is student’s learning result.
The students’ learning achievement were analyzed by the prerequisite test with the results of the three groups at normal distribution and homogenous. The average value of learning achievement GI group is 41.25, the average value of the results of group learning ST is 37.44 and the average value was 33.00 Conventional group. Based on the results of the analysis, there were significant differences significant average student learnin achievement between the use of learning model GI, Learning Model Problem ST and conventional learning models and the average results of ICT learning students between learning using learning model GI more better than students who use learning model ST and students who use conventional learning models. The average motivation of students to use learning model GI and ST can be said to be of high value. The average response of students to use learning model Treffinger and Problem Based Learning (PBL) can be said to be positive.

keyword : Comparative Study, Group Investigation (GI) learning model, Snowball Throwing learning model, Motivation and student’s learning result.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/karmapati.v5i2.8213

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