Deteksi Kerawanan Banjir Genangan Menggunakan Topographic Wetness Index (TWI)

Fitria Nucifera, Sutanto Trijuni Putro


Flood is the most frequent disaster occured in Indonesia. Flood events result in loss and damage to communities and the environment. Floods are triggered by several factors including hydrometeorological factors, topography, geology, soil and human activities. Topographic factor is one of the flood trigger control factors. Topographic calculation for flood inundation detection can be done by Topographic Wetness Index (TWI) method. The TWI method focuses on topographic conditions of the region, especially the upper slopes and lower slopes to assess the trend of water accumulation in a region. TWI calculations are based on the topography of an area represented by DEM (Digital Elevation Model) data in the form of DTM (Digital Terrain Model). The high value of TWI is associated with high flood vulnerability. Based on the calculation of TWI value, flood-prone areas in Kebumen District include Adimulyo Subdistrict, Puring Subdistrict, Ambal Subdistrict, Rowokele Subdistrict and Buayan Subdistrict.

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