The Effect of Project Based Learning and Learner Autonomy on Students’ Speaking Skills


  • Mirah Setia Dewi, N.K Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha
  • Marhaeni, A.A.I.N Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha
  • Ramendra, D.P Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha



Learner Autonomy, Project-based Learning, Speaking Skills


This study was aimed at investigating the effect of project-based learning on students’ speaking skills at the eighth grade students of SMPN 5 Kuta Selatan in academic year 2018/2019. The design of the study was post-test only control group with 2x2 factorial designs. Sample involved 82 students that were selected through random sampling technique. The data were collected through questionnaire of learner autonomy and speaking performance test which had been validated before. The data were analysed by using two way ANOVA and t-Scheffe. The study discovered: there was different effect in speaking skills between the students who were taught by using project-based learning and those who were taught by using conventional method (F=18.391 and p<0.05) in which the Project-Based Learning group excelled better in speaking skills, there was an interaction between learner autonomy and project-based learning in affecting students’ speaking skills (F= 45.325 and p<0.05), the students in which high learner autonomy who were taught by using the project-based learning affect better than those who were taught by using conventional method; however, there was not significantly different in speaking skills of the students with low learner autonomy who were taught by using project-based learning and who were taught by using conventional method (p>0.05).


Ahmadzadeh, R. (2014). Learner autonomy in practice, (October), 49–57. Retrieved from

Artini, L.P (2017). Project Based Learning Activities and EFL Students' Productive Skills in English. Ganesha University. DIO: Retrieved from

Bell, S. (2010). Project-Based Learning for the 21st Century: Skills for the Future. Routledge: Taylor&Francis Group. DOI: 10.1080/00098650903505415. Retrieved from

Brown, H. D. (2004). Language Assessment: Principles and Classroom Practices. New York Pearson Education Inc.

Chiang, C. L., & Lee, H. (2016). The Effect of Project-Based Learning on Learning Motivation and Problem-Solving Ability of Vocational High School Students, 6(9). Retrieved from

Clark H., M., & Clark. E., V. (1977). Psychology and Language: An Introduction to Psycholinguistics. New York: Harcout Brace Jovanovich.

Cohen,L., Manion, L., Morrison, K. (2007) Research Method in Education. Sixth Edition. Routledge: Taylor & Francis e-Library

Heriansyah, H. (2012). Speaking Problems Faced by the English Departement Students of Syiah Kuala University. Aceh: Syiah Kuala University.

Ismuwardani, Z., Nuryatin, A., Doyin. (2018). Implementation of Project Based Learning Model to Increased Creativity and Self-Reliance of Students on Poetry Writing Skills. Retrieved from

Jamila, M. (2013). Use of Learner Autonomy in Teaching Speaking by Tertiary Level English Language Teachers in Private Universities of Bangladesh, 18(4), 29–43. Retrieved from

Larmer, J., Mergendoller, J., Boss, S. (2015). Setting the Standard for Project Based Learning. Buck Institute for Education: USA

Little, D. (1995). Learning As Dialogue : The Dependence Of Learner Autonomy On Teacher Autonomy. Retrieved from

Myartawan, I. P. N. W. (2015). The Correlation Between Learner Autonomy And English Proficiency Of Indonesian Efl College Learners The Correlation Between Learner Autonomy And English Proficiency Of Indonesian Efl College Learners (September). Retrieved from

Pratiwi, N. (2016). Project Based Learning to enhance Junior High School Studemts’ Speaking Skill and Their Motivation in Learning the Speaking Skill. Retrieved from

Pratiwi, N. (2015). Analysis of English Book for SMP by Using Revised Bloom Taxonomy. Jakarta: English Education Faculty of Tarbiyahand Teachers Training State Islamic University

Richards, J. C. (2008). Teaching Listening and Speaking From Theory to Practice. Cambridge University Press

Rochmahwati, P. (2015). Project Based Learning to Raise students’ Speaking ability, (c). Retrieved from

Smith, M. A. (2005). Autonomy and project-based language learning:, (December). Retrieved from

Ur, P. (1996). A Course in Languge teaching. Cambridge: University Press.

Yuliani, Y., & Lengkanawati, N., S. (2017). Project Based Learning in Promoting Learner Autonomy in an EFL Classroom. Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia. Retrieved from

Zhang, S. (2009). The Role of input, interaction, and output in the development of oral fluency. English Language Teaching.