The Analysis of Teachers’ Code Switchings Based on The Perceptions of The Eighth Grade Students of SMP Negeri 2 Sawan
Keywords:Code switching, type of code switching, function of code switching, perception
This research aimed to identify the types of code switching and the students’ perception about code switching used by the English teachers in the eighth grade students of SMP Negeri 2 Sawan. This research was conducted in descriptive qualitative design. The subjects of this research were the eighth grade students and the eighth grade English teachers. The instruments used in this study were observation sheet, questionnaire, and interview guide. The results of this research showed that there were three types of code switching used by the English teachers. The data showed there were (31.7%) of intra sentential code switching, (54.8%) of inter sentential code switching and (13.4%) of inter personal code switching.The results of the questionnaire showed that the average responses of the students were (70.74%), it means that students were catagorized to have positive perception about the use of code switching by the English teachers. The interview shows that the students had positive response about the use of code switching by the English teachers. There were two reasons concerning the students’ positive answer, that is, code switchings that make the students understand the material more easily, and code swicthings that reduce the students’ stress in learning.
Birner, B. 2003. “Bilingualism: The Linguistic Society Of America”. Avaliable at http://www.linguisticsociety.org/sites/default/files/Bilingual.pdf. (Accessed on 2th November 2016).
Canale, M, & Swain, M. 1980. Theritical bases of communicative approach to second language teaching and testing. Applied linguistics, 1, 1-47.
Cook, V. 2001. “Code Switching In The English Classroom: what teachers do and what their students wish they did”. Avaliable at http://www.diva-portol.org. (Accessed on 2th November 2016).
Furberg, E. 2011. “How do students’ perceptions of their education change over time? – exploring perceptions of learning, responsibility, engagement and satisfaction”. Theis (publish thesis), Umea University, Sweden. Avaliable at http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:419082/FULLTEXT01.pdf. (Accessed on 7th june 2016).
Given, L. M. 2008. Encyclopedia of Qualitative Research Method. London: SAGE Publish
Goldestin, E.B. 2010. “Sensation and Perception”. Eighth Edition. WADSWORTH CENGAGE Learning. Avaliable at https://www.google.co.id/search?ie=UTF-8&q=perception+book+pdf&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjI9_rJmq7PAhVFOJQKHTo9DhQQ1QIIBg. (Accessed on 26th june 2016).
Hoffman, C. 1991. An Introduction to Bilingualism. Second Edition. New York: Longman Press
Jendra, M. I. I. 2010. Sociolinguistics: The Study of Societies’ Languages. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu
Kanwal. W & Khurshid. F. 2012. Strength for Today and Bright for Tomorrow. Avaliable at http://languageinindia.com. (Accessed on 26th june 2016).
Lepi, K. 2013. 50 “Things You Probably Didn’t Know About Languages”. Avaliable at http://www.edudemic.com/language-quiz/. (Accessed on 26th june 2016.)
Mahfoodh, O. H. A., & Pandian, A. 2011. “A Qualitative Case Study of EFL Students’ Affective Reactions and Perceptions of Their Teacher’ Written Feedback”. English Language Teaching, 4(3), 4-9.
Mati, Xola. 2008. Using Code Switching as a Strategy for Bilingual Education in the Classroom. AEAA Conference.
Myers & Scotton, C. 1993. “Contact Linguistics: Bilingual Encounters and Grammatical Outcomes”. Oxford University Press.
(unpublished thesis). English Education Department, Ganesha University of Education: Singaraja.
Olmedo & Williams, L. 1981. “Functions of Code Switching In A Spanish/English Bilingual Classroom”. Paper presented at the first Delawere Symposium on Language studies.
Pradnyani, I. A. K. P. 2014. “The Teachers’ and Students’ Perception About Demotivating Factors on The Students’ Speaking Skill of 2nd Grade of Senior High School In SMA Negeri 1 Seririt”. Thesis (unpublished thesis) English Education Department, Ganesha University of Education: Singaraja..
Patton, M.Q & Cochran, M. 2002. “A Guide to Using Qualitative Research Methodology”. Avaliable at http://fieldresearch.msf.org/msf/bitstream/10144/84230/1/Qualitative+research+methodology.pdf. (Accessed on 1st November 2016).
Robert Modupoela, Olagunju. 2013. “Code Switching As Teaching Strategy: Implication For English Language Teaching and Learning In A Multilingual Society”. Osun state Polytechnic, Iree, Nigeria. IOSR journal of Humanities and Society Science (IOSR-JHSS). Vol. 14, Issue 3,93 -97. Avaliable at http://www.iosrjournals.org/iosr-jhss/papers/Vol14-issue3/P01439294.pdf?id=6710. (Accessed on 7th March 2016).
Ryan, J.,& Harrison, P. 1995. “The Relationship Between Individual Instructional Characteristic and The Overall Assessment of Teaching Effectiveness Across Different Instructional Contexts”. Research in Higher Education, 36(5), 577-594.
Sanjaya, H. W. 2013. PENELITIAN PENDIDIKAN: Jenis, Metode dan Prosedur. Edisi Pertama. Kencana Publish
Sari, G. A. K. 2013. “The Students’ Perception on The Implementation of Team Teaching Model and Their English Learning Motivation at Tenth Grade of SMKN 3 Singaraja In Accademic Year 2012/2013”. Thesis (unpublished thesis) English Education Department, Ganesha University of Education: Singaraja.
Savenye,W.C. and Rhonda S. R. 2001. “Quantitative Research Issues and Method: An Introduction For Educational Technologiest”. Avaliable at http://www.aect.org/ed/edtech/edl/pdf/40.pdf. (Accessed on 14th July 2016).
Sert, O. 2005. “The Function of Code Switching In ELT Classroom”. Avaliable at http//:iteslj.org/Articles/Sert-CodeSwitching.html. (Accessed on 12th March 2016).
Shama. N. 2008. “Concept of Perception and Factors Affect Perception”. Avaliable at http://ideallibrary.com.on/pdf. (Accessed on 10th December 2015).
Sovlin. 1960. “Survey Research Method”. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.
Stockwell, A. R. A. 2014. “Factor Influencing The Use of Code Switching In Walk The Talk 2 Program”. Avaliable at http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:fZFUuywZyPMJ:journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/rainbow/article/download/4045/3671+&cd=5&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=id. (Accessed on 9th December 2015).
Subedi, B. P. 2016. “Using Likert Type Data in Social Science Research: Confusion, Issues and Challengers”. International Journal of Contemporary Applied Sciences. Avaliable at http://ijcas.net. (Accessed on 26th june 2016).
Travers. 1978. PENELITIAN PENDIDIKAN: Jenis, Metode dan Prosedur. Edisi Pertama. Kencana Publish
Wardaugh, A. R. A. 2014. “Factor Influencing The Use of Code Switching In Walk The Talk 2 Program”. Avaliable at http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:fZFUuywZyPMJ:journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/rainbow/article/download/4045/3671+&cd=5&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=id. (Accessed on 9th December 2015).
Wardaugh, R. 1998. An Introduction to Sociolinguistics. Third Edition. Massachusetts: Blackwell Publisher Inc.
Authors who publish with the Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (JERE) agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. (See The Effect of Open Access)