Efforts to Improve Learning Motivation and Understanding in Early Children Through Serial Picture And Hand Puppet

Rini Kristiantari

Abstract


The learning process that occurs at this time is not optimal. The provision of stimulation to improve children's development is carried out in a straightforward, general way, without enjoyable media stimulation. Students tend to be left to play alone in the schoolyard. It causes students to feel bored in following the lesson. This study aims to develop hand puppets and serial pictures as stimulation media for early childhood. This type of research is development. The research design used research development (R&D) about Borg and Gall with modified stages. The product test subjects studied were kindergarten students individually. The research data was collected using a questionnaire method, then the data collected was analyzed descriptively qualitatively concerning the theory of Miles and Huberman. The results of the media expert test on the five components/indicators rated for serial image media 89.2%, hand puppets 97.2%. The results of the material expert test on five elements/valuable indicators of hand puppets are 100%, and the picture series is 100%. Design expert test results obtained 93% for hand puppets and 80% for serial images. The percentage received shows that both media are feasible to be used to stimulate the growth and development of early childhood language skills. This research implies that teachers can apply the media of hand puppets and serial pictures to increase motivation and learning outcomes of early childhood.


Keywords


picture series; hand puppet; motivation; understanding

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agung, A. A. G., Widiana, I. W., & Indrasuari, N. K. S. (2017). Pengembangan Aktivitas Pembelajaran Mengasosiasi Berbasis Media Gambar Berseri Dalam Meningkatkan Proses Kognitif Siswa. Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar, 1(3), 138. https://doi.org/10.23887/jisd.v1i3.10323.

Alam, S. K., & Lestari, R. H. (2020). Pengembangan Kemampuan Bahasa Reseptif Anak Usia Dini dalam Memperkenalkan Bahasa Inggris melalui Flash Card. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 4(1), 284. https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v4i1.301.

Alat, Z., & Dedeoğlu, N. Ç. (2013). Professional Development of Early Childhood Mentor Teachers in Teaching Math. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 103(10). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.244.

Almutairi, T. S., & Shraid, N. S. (2021). Teacher evaluation by different internal evaluators: Head of departments, teachers themselves, peers and students. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 10(2), 588–596. https://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v10i2.20838.

Amri, N. A. (2018). Pengaruh Metode Bermain Peran Terhadap Kemampuan Komunikasi (Bahasa Ekspresif) Anak Taman Kanak-Kanak Raudhatul Athfal Alauddin Makassar. Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, Keguruan, Dan Pembelajaran, 1(2), 105. https://doi.org/10.26858/pembelajar.v1i2.4864.

Annisa, N., Saragih, A. H., & Mursid. (2018). Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Interaktif Pada Mata Pelajaran Bahasa Inggris. Jurnal Teknologi Informasi Dan Komunikasi Dalam Pendidikan, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.24114/jtikp.v5i2.12599.

Aprinawati, I. (2017). Penggunaan Media Gambar Seri Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berbicara Anak Usia Dini. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v1i1.33.

Ardianti, S. D., Wanabuliandari, S., Saptono, S., & Alimah, S. (2019). A needs assessment of edutainment module with ethnoscience approach oriented to the love of the country. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 8(2), 153–161. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v8i2.13285.

Ayuswantana, A. C., Sachari, A., & Irfansyah, I. (2020). Pengaruh Nilai Islam pada Visual Pakaian Dewa dan Resi Boneka Wayang Jekdong Jawa Timur. Andharupa: Jurnal Desain Komunikasi Visual & Multimedia, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.33633/andharupa.v6i1.2852.

Charles, D., Waldman, M., & Fink, G. (2018). Measuring early childhood development at a global scale: Evidence from the Caregiver-Reported Early Development Instruments. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 45. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2018.05.002.

Chassiakos, Y. R., Radesky, J., Christakis, D., Moreno, M. A., Cross, C., Hill, D., Ameenuddin, N., Hutchinson, J., Boyd, R., Mendelson, R., Smith, J., & Swanson, W. S. (2016). Children and adolescents and digital media. Pediatrics, 138(5). https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2016-2593.

Chrisyarani, D. D. (2018). Pengembangan Media Boneka Tangan dengan Metode Bercerita untuk Siswa Kelas V SDN Sudimoro 2 Kabupaten Malang. Jurnal Bidang Pendidikan Dasar, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.21067/jbpd.v2i1.2199.

Citra, D. (2017). Penggunaan Media Audio Visual dalam Pembelajaran Anak Usia Dini. Jurnal Cakrawala Dini, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.17509/cd.v5i2.10498.

Dagnew, A., Dar, B., Mekonnen, D., & Dar, B. (2020). Innovative Research in Education eight students ’ concept of photosynthesis , primary school : Ethiopia. International Journal of Innovative Research in Education, 7(1), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.18844/ijire.v7i1.4655.

Devi, M., Annamalai, M. A. R., & Veeramuthu, S. P. (2020). Literature education and industrial revolution 4.0. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 8(3), 1027–1036. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2020.080337.

Dewi, N. N. K., Kristiantari, M. . R., & Ganing, N. N. (2019). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Picture And Picture Berbantuan Media Visual Terhadap Keterampilan Menulis Bahasa Indonesia. Journal of Education Technology, 3(4). https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v3i4.22364.

Dong, C., Cao, S., & Li, H. (2020). Young Children’s Online Learning during COVID-19 Pandemic: Chinese Parents’ Beliefs and Attitudes. Child Youth Serv Rev, 118. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105440.

Dzulkarnain, I., Sumpeno, S., & Christyowidiasmoro. (2016). Pengenalan Isyarat Tangan Menggunakan Leap Motion Controller untuk Pertunjukan Boneka Tangan Virtual. Jurnal Teknik ITS, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.12962/j23373539.v5i2.16462.

Fartina, Hizbi, T., & Syahidi, K. (2019). Development of Interactive Physics Learning Media Macromedia Flash 8 Based on Straight Motion Material. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1539(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1539/1/012023.

Febiharsa, D., & Djuniadi, D. (2018). Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Interaktif 3 Dimensi untuk Pembelajaran Materi Pengenalan Lingkungan Pada Anak Usia Dini di Indonesia. Journal of Studies in Early Childhood Education (J-SECE), 1(1). https://doi.org/10.31331/sece.v1i1.590.

Fitriani, D., Fajriah, H., & Rahmita, W. (2019). Media Belajar Big Book dalam Mengembangkan Kemampuan Berbahasa Reseptif Anak Usia Dini. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v4i1.197.

Gever, V. C., Tunca, E. A., Boluwatife, A. A., Nwogbo, V. C., & Chinweobo-Onuoha, B. N. (2021). Visual media and learning: Effect of interactive television instruction as an intervention strategy for improving the critical thinking skills and disposition of out-of-school nomadic children in Nigeria. Learning and Motivation, 76. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lmot.2021.101767.

Gusmida, R., & Islami, N. (2017). The Development of Learning Media for the Kinetic Theory of Gases Using the ADDIE Model with Augmented Reality. Journal of Educational Sciences, 1(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.31258/jes.1.1.p.1-10.

Hadders-algra, M. (2020). Interactive media use and early childhood Uso de mídia interativa e desenvolvimento infantil precoce. Jornal de Pediatria, 96(3), 273–275. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jped.2019.05.001.

Handayani, N. M. D., Ganing, N. N., & Suniasih, N. W. (2017). Model Pembelajaran Picture and Picture Berbantuan Media Audio-Visual Terhadap Pengetahuan IPA. Journal of Education Technology, 1(3), 176. https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v1i3.12502.

Herreras, E. B. (2017). Risk low math performance PISA 2012: Impact of assistance to Early Childhood Education and other possible cognitive variables. Acta de Investigación Psicológica, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aipprr.2017.02.001.

Hidayah, N., Wahyuni, R., & Hasnanto, A. T. (2020). Pengembangan Media Pembelajaran Gambar Berseri Berbasis Pop-Up Book Untuk Meningkatkan Keterampilan Menulis Narasi Bahasa Indonesia. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran Dasar, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.24042/terampil.v7i1.6182.

Jolin, E. M., & Weller, R. A. (2011). Television viewing and its impact on childhood behaviors. Current Psychiatry Reports, 13, 122–128. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-011-0175-5.

Josephidou, J. (2020). A gendered contribution to play? Perceptions of Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) practitioners in England on how their gender influences their approaches to play. Early Years. https://doi.org/10.1080/09575146.2019.1655713.

Kazu, İ. Y., & İş, A. (2018). An Investigation About Actualization Levels of Learning Outcomes in Early Childhood Curriculum. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 6(3), 66. https://doi.org/10.11114/jets.v6i3.2928.

Khaliq, A., Barsihanor, B., & Arifa, T. R. (2020). Pengaruh Penggunaan Media Boneka Tangan Terhadap Keterampilan Menyimak Siswa Kelas I Di Sdit Robbani Banjarbaru. Muallimuna Jurnal Madrasah Ibtidaiyah, 5(2). https://doi.org/10.31602/muallimuna.v5i2.2883.

Khoiruddin, M. A., Taulabi, I., & Imron, A. (2016). Menumbuhkan Minat Baca Sejak Dini di Taman Baca Masyarakat. Journal An-Nafs: Kajian Penelitian Psikologi. https://doi.org/10.33367/psi.v1i2.295.

Kusumaningrum, & Wahyono. (2020). Developing A Pop-Up Storybook Based on Multicultural Education for Early Childhood Students. Jurnal Obsesi Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v4i1.230.

Lan, K. L., Abdullah, M. C., & Roslan, S. (2010). Understanding media violence and the development of aggressive behaviour of school children. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 7(2), 522–527. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.10.070.

Lara, R. S., & Bokoch, R. (2021). Acta Psychologica Cognitive functioning and social media : Has technology changed us ? Acta Psychologica, 221(September), 103429. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actpsy.2021.103429.

Lau, E. Y. H., & Lee, K. (2021). Parents’ Views on Young Children’s Distance Learning and Screen Time During COVID-19 Class Suspension in Hong Kong. Early Education and Development, 32(6), 863–880. https://doi.org/10.1080/10409289.2020.1843925.

Lauc, T., Jagodić, G. K., & Bistrović, J. (2020). Effects of Multimedia Instructional Message on Motivation and Academic Performance of Elementary School Students in Croatia. International Journal of Instruction, 13(4), 491–508. https://doi.org/10.29333/iji.2020.13431a.

Liyana, A., & Kurniawan, M. (2019). Speaking Pyramid sebagai Media Pembelajaran Kosa Kata Bahasa Inggris Anak Usia 5-6 Tahun. Jurnal Obsesi : Journal of Early Childhood Education, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v3i1.178.

Mariana, S., & Zubaidah, E. (2015). Pengaruh Penggunaan Media Boneka Tangan Terhadap Keterampilan Bercerita Siswa Kelas V Sd Se-Gugus 4 Kecamatan Bantul. Jurnal Prima Edukasia, 3(2).

Miller, P., Whitfield, K., Betancur, L., & Votruba-Drzal, E. (2021). Income dynamics and behavior problems in early childhood, middle childhood, and the transition to adolescence. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appdev.2021.101345.

Mirnawati, M. (2017). Peningkatan Keterampilan Berbicara Siswa Kelas I SD melalui Media Gambar Seri Di SDN 06 Lubuk Alung Kabupaten Padang Pariaman. JPPI (Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Indonesia). https://doi.org/10.29210/02017120.

Ngura, E. T., Go, B., & Rewo, J. M. (2020). Pengaruh Media Pembelajaran Buku Cerita Bergambar Terhadap Perkembangan Emosional Anak Usia Dini. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Citra Bakti, 7(2), 118–124. https://doi.org/10.38048/jipcb.v7i2.94.

Nurwahidah, Maryati, S., Nurlaela, W., & Cahyana. (2021). Permainan Tradisional Sebagai Sarana Mengembangkan Kemampuan Fisik Motorik Anak Usia Dini. PAUD Lectura: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 4(02), 49–61. https://doi.org/10.31849/paud-lectura.v4i02.6422.

Ogelman, H. G., Gungor, H., Korukcu, O., & Sarkaya, H. E. (2018). Examination of the relationship between technology use of 5–6 year-old children and their social skills and social status. Early Child Development and Care, 188(2), 168–182. https://doi.org/10.1080/03004430.2016.1208190.

Paul, R., & Singh, A. (2020). Does early childhood adversities affect physical, cognitive and language development in indian children? Evidence from a panel study. SSM - Population Health, 12(August), 100693. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssmph.2020.100693.

Pienimäki, M., Kinnula, M., & Iivari, N. (2021). International Journal of Child-Computer Interaction Finding fun in non-formal technology education. International Journal of Child-Computer Interaction, 29, 100283. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcci.2021.100283.

Poerwati, C. E., & Cahaya, I. M. E. (2018). Project-Based Drawing Activities in Improving Social-Emotional Skills of Early Childhood. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v2i2.114.

Prananta, Y. R., Setyosari, P., & Santoso, A. (2017). Pengembangan Media Boneka Tangan Berbasis Digital Storytelling. Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori , Penelitian Dan Pengembangan, 2(5). https://doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v2i5.9114.

Pratama, L. D., Lestari, W., & Astutik, I. (2020). Efektifitas Penggunaan Media Edutainment Di Tengah Pandemi Covid-19. AKSIOMA: Jurnal Program Studi Pendidikan Matematika, 9(2), 413–423. https://doi.org/10.24127/ajpm.v9i2.2783.

Pratiwi, Ardianti, & Kanzunnudin. (2018). Peningkatan Kemampuan Kerjasama Melalui Model Project Based Learning (Pjbl) Berbantuan Metode Edutainment Pada Mata Pelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial. Refleksi Edukatika : Jurnal Ilmiah Kependidikan, 8(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24176/re.v8i2.2357.

Puspita, P. M., Wirya, N., & Antara, A. (2016). Penerapan Pendekatan Saintifik Berbantuan Media Kartu Gambar Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berbicara Di Tk Catur Paramita. Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini Undiksha, 4(2). https://doi.org/10.23887/paud.v4i2.7809.

Rahayuningsih, S. (2020). Animation media of animal husbandry thematic science learning to stimulate scientific attitude in early childhood. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research. https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v3i1.17959 Article Metrics.

Rahmatia, R., Pajarianto, H., Kadir, A., Ulpi, W., & Yusuf, M. (2021). Pengembangan Model Bermain Konstruktif dengan Media Balok untuk Meningkatkan Visual-Spasial Anak. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v6i1.1185.

Ratihwulan, E., & Asmara, R. (2019). Peningkatan Motivasi dan Prestasi Belajar Menulis Teks Eksposisi Menggunakan Model Discokaku Dipadu Gambar Berseri di SMA Negeri 5 Magelang. Transformasi: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra Dan Pengajarannya, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.31002/transformatika.v3i1.2006.

Rekysika, N. S., & Haryanto, H. (2019). Media Pembelajaran Ular Tangga Bilangan Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Kognitif Anak Usia 5-6 Tahun. Cakrawala Dini: Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 10(1), 56–61. https://doi.org/10.17509/cd.v10i1.16000.

Rizqi, M. R. (2018). Peran Media Gambar Berseri Dalam Meningkatkan Motivasi Kemampuan Menulis Karangan Bahasa Arab. El-Ibtikar. EL-IBTIKAR: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Arab, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.24235/ibtikar.v7i2.3363.

Salfera, N. (2017). Meningkatkan Kemampuan Menulis Teks Eksplanasi Dengan Menggunakan Media Gambar Berseri Pada Siswa Kelas VII. Jurnal EDUCATIO: Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.29210/12017295.

Solihati, S. (2015). Efektifitas Media Panggung Boneka untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Bercerita pada Anak Usia Dini. Modeling: Jurnal Program Studi PGMI, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.2345/modeling.v2i2.2176.

Suhandra, I. R. (2018). Pemanfaatan media gambar berseri untuk memperkaya kemampuan menulis naratif bahasa inggris siswa kelas IX MTS NW Nurul Wathon Pengembur Lombok Tengah. TRANSFORMASI: Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, 14(1). https://doi.org/10.20414/transformasi.v14i1.576.

Susiani, P. E., Pudjawan, K., & Renda, N. T. (2013). Penerapan Metode Role Playing Berbantuan Media Boneka Gambar Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Bahasa Indonesia Anak Kelompok B TK Satya Kumara. Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini Undiksha, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.23887/paud.v1i1.1138.

Sutrisno, Zar’in, F., & Salehcah, S. (2021). Local Content Curriculum Model for Early Childhood Scientific Learning. Jurnal Pendidikan Usia Dini, 15(1). https://doi.org/10.21009/JPUD.151.05.

Tajvidi, M., Ghiyasvandian, S., & Salsali, M. (2014). Probing concept of critical thinking in nursing education in Iran: A concept analysis. Asian Nursing Research, 8(2), 158–164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anr.2014.02.005.

Tisza, G., & Markopoulos, P. (2021). International Journal of Child-Computer Interaction Understanding the role of fun in learning to code. International Journal of Child-Computer Interaction, 28, 100270. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcci.2021.100270.

Trisnoningsih, D. (2021). Peningkatan Kemampuan Menulis Teks Eksplanasi Menggunakan Metode Quantum Learning Berbantuan Gambar Berseri. Jurnal Educatio Fkip Unma, 7(3). https://doi.org/10.31949/educatio.v7i3.1271.

Triutami, I. G. A. A. D., Sudhita, I. W. R., & Tegeh, I. M. (2014). Penerapan Metode Bercerita Berbantuan Media Boneka Tangan Untuk Meningkatkan Perkembangan Bahasa Pada Anak. Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.23887/paud.v2i1.3239.

Vartiainen, J., & Kumpulainen, K. (2020). Playing with science: manifestation of scientific play in early science inquiry. European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 28(4). https://doi.org/10.1080/1350293X.2020.1783924.

Watini, S., Aini, Q., Hardini, M., & Rahardja, U. (2020). Improving Citizen’s Awareness in Conserving Diversity of Malay Traditional Dances in Malaysia through the Art Appreciation Performed by Students of Early Childhood Education Study Program. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 24(8). https://doi.org/10.37200/IJPR/V24I8/PR280292.

Wijayanti, D. N. (2019). Effective learning of English through children’s songs for madrasah ibtidaiyah (MI) students. Elementary, 4(1), 124–148. https://doi.org/10.21043/elementary.v4i1.1931.

Winther-Lindqvist, D. A. (2020). Caring well for children in ECEC from a wholeness approach – The role of moral imagination. Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, 1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.lcsi.2020.100452.

Yates, E., & Twigg, E. (2017). Developing creativity in early childhood studies students. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tsc.2016.11.001.

Yulando, S., Sutopo, S., & Franklin Chi, T. (2019). Electronic Module Design and Development: An Interactive Learning. American Journal of Educational Research, 7(10), 694–698. https://doi.org/10.12691/education-7-10-4.

Yusuf, I., & Widyaningsih, S. W. (2020). Implementing e-learning-based virtual laboratory media to students’ metacognitive skills. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 15(5), 63–74. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijet.v15i05.12029.

Zabrodina, I. K., Bogdanova, A. G., Bogdanova, V., Lilenko, I. Y., & Richter, S. O. (2015). Experimental Learning of Foreign Language with the Socio-cultural Skills Development Method by Means of Modern Internet Technologies. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 215(June), 141–146. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.11.602.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/ijee.v5i4.41143

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 438 times
PDF file view : 83 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.


IJEE indexed by:

Crossref  

Creative Commons License

IJEE is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.