Environmental-Based Character Education: Implementation of Lampung Society Life Philosophy Values (Piil Pesenggiri) In Elementary School


  • Dian Andesta Bujuri Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah, Palembang, Indonesia
  • Muqowim Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Masnun Baiti Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah, Palembang, Indonesia
  • Tutut Handayani Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah, Palembang, Indonesia
  • Agra Dwi Saputra Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah, Palembang, Indonesia
  • Ayu Nur Shawmi Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Fatah, Palembang, Indonesia
  • Fidian Abron Universitas Islam Negeri Raden Intan, Lampung, Indonesia




Character Education, Elementary School, Environment, Implementation, Piil Pesenggiri


The effort to shape students' character is to revitalize the values of local wisdom in Indonesia. The purpose of this study is to analyze the implementation of the importance of the philosophy of life of the Lampung people (Piil Pesenggiri) in forming environmental-based characters in elementary school students. This type of research is qualitative research with a case study approach. The subjects of this study were the principal, 5 teachers, 18 students in grade 2, 20 students in grade 4, and 17 students in grade 5. Data was obtained through observation, documentation, and interviews. The results of the study are as follows. First, the values of the Piil Pesenggiri are not the priority values that are implemented. Second, in theory, the importance of Piil Pesenggiri is only intensely implemented in Lampung language subjects in high grades. In practice, Piil Pesenggiri's values are integrated throughout the curriculum. Third, the character of the students is quite good. However, students need to be made aware that the values practiced are part of the values of the Pesenggiri Piil. The knowledge and appreciation of students regarding the importance of the Pesenggiri Piil still need to improve, even strangers to the term Pesenggiri Piil as a reference for morality or the original character of the people of Lampung. Implementing Piil Pesenggiri values in practice will only fully shape students' character if accompanied by intense knowing and feeling.


Agustina, I. W., Sutama, I. M., & Rasna, I. W. (2019). Analysis of Character Educational Values in Folklore and The Relevance in The Formation of Student’s Character in Vocational High School. Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Sains Dan Humaniora, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.23887/jppsh.v3i1.17362.

Alcaraz, M. (2020). Beyond Financial Resources: The Role of Parents’ Education in Predicting Children’s Educational Persistence in Mexico. International Journal of Educational Development, 75, 102188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2020.102188.

Amin, A., Alimni, A., Kurniawan, D. A., Perdana, R., Pratama, W. A., & Triani, E. (2022). Analysis of the Relationship of Religious Character, Perseverance and Learning Motivation of Junior High School Students. Journal of Innovation in Educational and Cultural Research, 3(4). https://doi.org/10.46843/jiecr.v3i4.233.

Andika, M. F. F. (2022). Value of Social Care Character Through Education and Community Activities. Journal of Innovation in Educational and Cultural Research, 3(3), 3. https://doi.org/10.46843/jiecr.v3i3.76.

Baiti, M., Bujuri, D. A., Hamzah, A., & Yusnita, E. (2022). Pendidikan Agama dalam Keluarga terhadap Anak Usia Dasar: Kontekstualisasi Pemikiran Nurcholish Madjid. CENDEKIA, 14(02), 318–334. https://doi.org/10.37850/cendekia.v14i02.323.

Birhan, W., Shiferaw, G., Amsalu, A., Tamiru, M., & Tiruye, H. (2021). Exploring the context of teaching character education to children in preprimary and primary schools. Social Sciences & Humanities Open, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssaho.2021.100171.

Bujuri, D. A. (2018). Analisis kebutuhan anak usia dasar dan Implikasinya dalam penyelenggaraan pendidikan.

Cabus, S. J., & Witte, K. (2011). Does school time matter?—On the impact of compulsory education age on school dropout. Economics of Education Review, 30(6), 1384–1398. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econedurev.2011.07.003.

Chin, M., Lee, H. A., & Seo, H. (2014). Parents’ Perceptions on Character and Character Education in Family.

Chitra, A. P., & Raj, M. A. (2018). Recent Trend of Teaching Methods in Education" Organised by Sri Sai Bharath College of Education Dindigul-624710. India Journal of Applied and Advanced Research, 2018(3), 11–13.

Darmanto, A., & Rahmawati, F. D. (2019). Pengamalan Nilai Kearifan Lokal Piil Pesenggiri Melalui Pendidikan Berbasis Kearifan Lokal Guna Membentuk Jati Diri Masyarakat Lampung yang Madani (Studi Kasus di Kecamatan Jabung, Lampung Timur. Scripta: Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa, 1(2). https://doi.org/10.33019/scripta.v1i2.11.

Diana, N. (2012). Manajemen Pendidikan Berbasis Budaya Lokal Lampung (Analisis Eksploratif Mencari Basis Filosofis. Analisis: Jurnal Studi Keislaman, 12(1), 183–208. https://doi.org/10.24042/ajsk.v12i1.636.

Diana, R. R., Chirzin, M., Bashori, K., Suud, F. M., & Khairunnisa, N. Z. (2021). Parental Engagement on Children Character Education: The Influences of Positive Parenting and Agreeableness Mediated by Religiosity. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, 40(2). https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v40i2.39477.

Fahmy, R., Bachtiar, N., Rahim, R., & Malik, M. (2015). Measuring Student Perceptions to Personal Characters Building in Education: An Indonesian Case in Implementing New Curriculum in High School. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.11.112.

Friesen, M. D., & Besley, S. C. (2013). Teacher identity development in the first year of teacher education: A developmental and social psychological perspective. Teaching and Teacher Education, 36, 23–32. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2013.06.005.

Hardiansyah, F., & Mas’odi, M. (2022). The Implementation Of Democratic Character Education Through Learning Of Social Science Materials Of Ethical And Cultural Diversity In Elementary School. Journal of Innovation in Educational and Cultural Research, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.46843/jiecr.v3i2.101.

Hariti, T., Sri, R., & Ernawati. (2020). Strengthening Soft Skills as the Character of Student Nurses through the Preceptorship Management Model. Enfermería Clínica, 30(5). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enfcli.2019.11.022.

Hastasari, C., Setiawan, B., & Aw, S. (2022). Students’ communication patterns of islamic boarding schools: The case of Students in Muallimin Muhammadiyah Yogyakarta. Heliyon, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e08824.

Hermida, M. J., Segretin, M. S., Prats, L. M., Fracchia, C. S., Colombo, J. A., & Lipina, S. J. (2015). Cognitive neuroscience, developmental psychology, and education: Interdisciplinary development of an intervention for low socioeconomic status kindergarten children. Trends in Neuroscience and Education, 4(1–2), 15–25. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tine.2015.03.003.

Hidayat, M., Rozak, R. W. A., Hakam, K. A., Kembara, M. D., & Parhan, M. (2020). Character education in Indonesia: How is it internalized and implemented in virtual learning? Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, 41(1). https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v41i1.45920.

Hidayat, N., & Bujuri, D. A. (2022). The Implementation of Character Education in Islamic Boarding School. Lentera Pendidikan : Jurnal Ilmu Tarbiyah Dan Keguruan, 23(1). https://doi.org/10.24252/lp.2020v23n1i11.

Kiriana, I. N., & Priantini, D. A. M. O. (2021). Character Education on the Hindu Religious Education in Elementary Schools. International Journal of Elementary Education, 5(3), 3. https://doi.org/10.23887/ijee.v5i3.33966.

Koesoema, D. (2015). Pendidikan karakter utuh dan menyeluruh edisi revisi. PT Kanisius.

Kumar, A. (2019). Cultures of learning in developing education systems: Government and NGO classrooms in India. International Journal of Educational Research, 95, 76–89. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijer.2019.02.009.

Lamote, C., Damme, J., Den Noortgate, W., Speybroeck, S., Boonen, T., & Bilde, J. (2013). Dropout in secondary education: An application of a multilevel discrete-time hazard model accounting for school changes. Quality & Quantity, 47(5), 2425–2446. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11135-012-9662-y.

Lazwardi, D., Amirudin, A., Nasution, S. P., & Subandi, S. (2020). Internalisasi Nilai-nilai Piil Pesenggiri dan Islam Moderat dalam Menangkal Paham Radikal pada UKM Mahasiswa UIN Raden Intan Lampung. Al- Idarah : Jurnal Kependidikan Islam, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.24042/alidarah.v10i2.7449.

Lee, H., & Chin, M. (2013). Policy Study on Parents Support for Character Education within Family. Journal of Families and Better Life, 31(4), 65–82. https://doi.org/10.7466/JKHMA.2013.31.4.065.

Lickona, T. (2016). Educating for Character: How Our Schools Can Teach Respect and Responsibility.

Marini, A. (2017). Building Students’ Characters Through Extracurricular Activities (bll 266–268). https://doi.org/10.2991/yicemap-17.2017.45.

Mei-Ju, C., Chen-Hsin, Y., & Pin-Chen, H. (2014). The Beauty of Character Education on Preschool Children’s Parent-child Relationship. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 143, 527–533. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.07.431.

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (2014). Qualitative Data Analysis-Third Edition. London: Sage Publication Ltd.

Minandar, C. A. (2020). Cross Cultural Understanding: Model Pembelajaran Sosiologi sebagai Media Revitalisasi Kearifan Lokal Piil Pesenggiri. SOSIETAS, 10(1).

Mislia, M., Mahmud, A., & Manda, D. (2016). The Implementation of Character Education through Scout Activities. International Education Studies, 9(6). https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v9n6p130.

Muhtar, T., & Dallyono, R. (2020). Character Education From the Perspectives of Elementary School Physical Education Teachers. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, 39(2), 395–408. https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v39i2.30647.

Muzakki, A. (2017). Introducing Local Genius-Based Harmony Education (Piil Pesenggiri) Among The Indigenous People of Lampung. Penamas, 30(3). https://doi.org/10.31330/penamas.v30i3.188.

Ningsih, A. P., Nurdin, N., Puspitha, A., Malasari, S., & Kadar, K. (2020). The effect of culture-based education in improving knowledge of hypertension patients in Makassarese community in Indonesia. Enfermería Clínica, 30, 55–59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enfcli.2019.09.003.

Osguthorpe, R. D., & Sanger, M. N. (2019). Modeling as moral education: Documenting, analyzing, and addressing a central belief of preservice teachers. Teaching and Teacher Education, 13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2012.08.002.

Patton, K., & Parker, M. (2017). Teacher education communities of practice: More than a culture of collaboration.

Paul, S.-A. S., Hart, P., Augustin, L., Clarke, P. J., & Pike, M. (2022). Parents’ perspectives on home-based character education activities. Journal of Family Studies, 28(3), 1158–1180. https://doi.org/10.1080/13229400.2020.1806097.

Pradana, D. A., Mahfud, M., Hermawan, C., & Susanti, H. D. (2021). Nasionalism: Character Education Orientation in Learning Development. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute (BIRCI-Journal): Humanities and Social Sciences, 3(4), 4026–4034. https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v3i4.1501.

Pranoto, H., & Wibowo, A. (2018). Identifikasi Nilai Kearifan Lokal (Local Wisdom) Piil Pesenggiri dan Perannya Dalam Pelayanan Konseling Lintas Budaya. JBKI (Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling Indonesia, 3(2), 36–42. https://doi.org/10.26737/jbki.v3i2.714.

Puspitasari, F. F., Mukti, T. S., Supriyanto, & Munadi, M. (2021). Character Building Through the Synergy Between Parents and School in Indonesia. Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Social Science (ICONETOS 2020), 529(Iconetos 2020), 16–21. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210421.003.

Puspitasari, M., Elhefni, E., Wibowo, D. R., Bujuri, D. A., & Shawmi, A. N. (2021). Analisis Nilai Pendidikan Karakter Dalam Kegiatan Ekstrakulikuler Drumband Siswa Sekolah Dasar Negeri 2 Gumawang. Limas Pendidikan Guru Madrasah Ibtidaiyah, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.19109/limas_pgmi.v3i1.12971.

Rahman, A., Saodi, S., Irfan, M., & Nasrah, N. (2022). Education Partnerships between Local Education Authorities and Universities: A Promising Strategy but Undeveloped. Journal of Innovation in Educational and Cultural Research, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.46843/jiecr.v3i2.85.

Rahmawati, L., Supardi, K. I., & Sulistyaningsih, T. (2019). Contextual Teaching and Learning Integrated with Character Education to Improve Studentâ€TMs Motivation and Character in Concentration of Solutions Topic at Pharmacy Vocational School. Journal of Innovative Science Education, 8(3). https://doi.org/10.15294/jise.v0i0.27910.

Ramli, S., Novanda, R., Sobri, M., & Triani, E. (2022). The Impact of Student Responses and Concepts Understanding on the Environmental Care Character of Elementary School Students. International Journal of Elementary Education, 6(1). https://doi.org/10.23887/ijee.v6i1.44969.

Rochadiana, A., Narimo, S., Prastiwi, Y., & Rahmawati, L. E. (2022). The Implementation of Tembang Macapat Learning as A Means of Primary School Character Education. Journal of Innovation in Educational and Cultural Research, 3(4), 4. https://doi.org/10.46843/jiecr.v3i4.215.

Rokhman, F., Hum, Syaifudin, A., & Yuliati. (2014). Character Education for Golden Generation 2045 (National Character Building for Indonesian Golden Years). Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 141. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.05.197.

Rosidah, A., Nurfaizal, N., & Fitria, N. (2015). Model Bimbingan Kelompok Berbasis Nilai Nengah Nyampur Dalam Falsafah Hidup Masyarakat Lampung Untuk Meningkatkan Penyesuaian Diri Siswa. Jurnal Fokus Konseling, 1(2). https://doi.org/10.52657/jfk.v1i2.98.

Rusmansyah, R., Leny, L., & Sofia, H. N. (2023). Improving Students’ Scientific Literacy and Cognitive Learning Outcomes through Ethnoscience-Based PjBL Model. Journal of Innovation in Educational and Cultural Research, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.46843/jiecr.v4i1.382.

Sari, Y. Y., Zulaiha, S., & Mulyono, H. (2020). The development of a digital application to promote parents involvement in character education at primary schools. Elementary Education Online, 19(4), 2564–2564. https://doi.org/10.17051/ilkonline.19.04.001.

Shields, D. L. (2011). Character as the Aim of Education. Phi Delta Kappan, 92(8), 48–53. https://doi.org/10.1177/003172171109200810.

Sikumbang, A. T., Lubis, L., & Hasibuan, E. J. (2020). Teacher’s Islamic Communication Strategy in Character Education through Parenting Program at SDIT Al Fityan Medan School. Budapest International Research and Critics Institute-Journal (BIRCI-Journal, 3(3), 3. https://doi.org/10.33258/birci.v3i3.1118.

Sinaga, R. M. (2014). Revitalisasi Tradisi: Strategi Mengubah Stigma Kajian Piil Pesenggiri Dalam Budaya Lampung. Masyarakat Indonesia, 40(1). https://doi.org/10.14203/jmi.v40i1.109.

Siregar, S. F., Mardianto, M., & Ahkas, A. W. (2020). Extracurricular Implementation of Islamic Education in Character Building Students in MTs EX PGA UNIVA Medan. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.33258/birle.v3i2.1013.

Sukasih, S. (2022). Teacher Performance and Classroom Environment on Student Attitude Toward Indonesian Language Learning. Journal of Innovation in Educational and Cultural Research, 3(4), 4. https://doi.org/10.46843/jiecr.v3i4.243.

Sukendar, A., Usman, H., & Jabar, C. S. A. (2019). Teaching-loving-caring (asah-asih-asuh) and semi-military education on character education management. Cakrawala Pendidikan. https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v38i2.24452.

Sumardi, L., Ismail, M., Rispawati, R., & Wahyudiati, D. (2022). Beguru: An Ethno-education of Sasak, Indonesia (Exploring the Principles of Learning Processes & Evaluation. Journal of Innovation in Educational and Cultural Research, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.46843/jiecr.v3i2.77.

Tadege, A., Seifu, A., & Melese, S. (2022). Teachers’ views on values-education: The case of secondary schools in East Gojjam, Ethiopia. Social Sciences & Humanities Open, 6(1), 100284. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ssaho.2022.100284.

Tirri, K., Toom, A., & Husu, J. (2013). Chapter 11 The Moral Matters of Teaching: A Finnish Perspective (C. (red)).

Ucus, S. (2015). Elementary School Teachers’ Views on Game-based Learning as a Teaching Method. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 186. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.04.216.

Utsman, A., Markhamah, M., Rahmawati, L. E., Minsih, & Widyasari, C. (2022). Thematic Learning Plans with the RADEC Learning Model in Building Students’ Environmental Care Character in Elementary Schools. International Journal of Elementary Education, 6(4), 4. https://doi.org/10.23887/ijee.v6i4.54493.

Wangid, M. N., Mustadi, A., & Putri, A. R. (2018). Fairy Story Integration for Meaningful Classroom. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, 37(2). https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v37i2.19516.

Widiyatmoko, A., Taufiq, M., Purwinarko, A., Wusqo, I. U., & Darmawan, M. S. (2022). The Effect of Environmental Pollution Game-Based Learning on Improving Students’ Conceptual Understanding and Environmental Awareness. Journal of Innovation in Educational and Cultural Research, 3(4). https://doi.org/10.46843/jiecr.v3i4.344.

Witte, K., Cabus, S., Thyssen, G., Groot, W., & Brink, H. M. (2013). A critical review of the literature on school dropout. Educational Research Review, 10, 13–28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.edurev.2013.05.002.

Yusuf, H. (2016). Nilai-nilai Islam dalam Falsafah Hidup Masyarakat Lampung. KALAM, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.24042/klm.v10i1.340.




How to Cite

Dian Andesta Bujuri, Muqowim, Masnun Baiti, Tutut Handayani, Agra Dwi Saputra, Ayu Nur Shawmi, & Fidian Abron. (2023). Environmental-Based Character Education: Implementation of Lampung Society Life Philosophy Values (Piil Pesenggiri) In Elementary School. International Journal of Elementary Education, 7(2), 243–254. https://doi.org/10.23887/ijee.v7i2.59250