The Principal's Role as Manager and Teacher Pedagogic Competence in Online Learning

Authors

  • Nur Ngaziah Universitas Muhyammadiyah Purworejo
  • Umi Pratiwi Universitas Muhammadiyah Purworejo
  • Siska Desy Fatmaryanti Universitas Muhammadiyah Purworejo
  • Aulia Fakhrina Universitas Muhammadiyah Purworejo
  • Rizky Fadjar Choirrul Linda Universitas Muhammadiyah Purworejo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23887/jisd.v5i4.37885

Keywords:

Principal, teacher competence, online learning

Abstract

The Covid-19 pandemic requires people to learn online, one of which is at the elementary school level. Principals must be able to play a role as managers in managing learning during the Covid-19 Pandemic. This study aims to analyze the role of the principal as a manager and the pedagogical competence of teachers in online learning during the Covid-19 period. This type of research is descriptive quantitative research, namely by interpreting the data obtained from the field. Data collection was carried out on 4 principals and 49 teachers using a questionnaire distributed via google forms. Data analysis used descriptive quantitative with percentages. The results showed that the principal's role as a manager in online learning was not optimal in the indicators of the school determining the curriculum used in online learning (44%) and the principal facilitating support for online learning (50%). At the same time, the pedagogic competence also showed less than optimal in Playing their competencies is shown by the 5 lowest percentage indicators, including understanding the cognitive development of students (59%), designing learning methods (52%), designing learning models (56%), carrying out assessments of learning outcomes (54.5%), and conducting material assessments. (56%). With a strong commitment from teachers and principals, various efforts and programs carried out during online learning will optimally achieve learning objectives.


References

Adiningtiyas, S. W. (2017). Peran Guru dalam Mengatasi Kecanduan Game Online (Teacher’s Role in Overcoming Online Game Addiction). KOPASTA: Jurnal Program Studi Bimbingan Konseling, 4(1), 28–40. https://doi.org/10.33373/kop.v4i1.1121.

Albu, G. (2013). The Teacher-headmaster and his Relationship with Himself. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.04.369.

Alchamdani, A., Fatmasari, F., Rahmadani Anugrah, E., Putri Sari, N., Putri, F., & Astina, A. (2020). The Impact of Covid19 Pandemic on Online Learning Process in the College at Southeast Sulawesi. Jurnal Kesehatan Lingkungan, 12(1si), 129. https://doi.org/10.20473/jkl.v12i1si.2020.129-136.

Ali, W. (2020). Online and Remote Learning in Higher Education Institutes: A Necessity in light of COVID-19 Pandemic. Higher Education Studies, 10(3), 16–25. https://doi.org/10.5539/hes.v10n3p16.

Aufa, M. N., Rusmansyah, R., Hasbie, M., Jaidie, A., & Yunita, A. (2021). The Effect of Using e-module Model Problem Based Learning (PBL) Based on Wetland Environment on Critical Thinking Skills and Environmental Care Attitudes. Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan IPA, 7(3), 401–407. https://doi.org/10.29303/jppipa.v7i3.732.

Basith, A., Rosmaiyadi, R., Triani, S. N., & Fitri, F. (2020). Investigation of Online Learning Satisfaction During COVID 19: In Relation to Academic Achievement. Journal of Educational Science and Technology (EST), 1(1), 265–275. https://doi.org/10.26858/est.v1i1.14803.

Bosica, J., S.Pyper, J., & MacGregor, S. (2021). Incorporating problem-based learning in a secondary school mathematics preservice teacher education course. Teaching and Teacher Education, 102, 103335. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2021.103335.

Chao, J. Y., Tzeng, P. W., & Po, H. Y. (2017). The study of problem solving process of e-book PBL course of atayal senior high school students in Taiwan. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 13(3), 1001–1012. https://doi.org/10.12973/eurasia.2017.00654a.

Darmalaksana, W., Hambali, R. Y. A., Masrur, A., & Muhlas. (2020). Analisis Pembelajaran Online Masa WFH Pandemic Covid-19 sebagai Tantangan Pemimpin Digital Abad 21. Karya Tulis Ilmiah (KTI) Masa Work From Home (WFH) Covid-19 UIN Sunan Gunung Djati Bandung Tahun 2020, 1(1), 1–12.

Davidi, E. I. N., Sennen, E., & Supardi, K. (2021). Integrasi Pendekatan STEM (Science, Technology, Enggeenering and Mathematic) Untuk Peningkatan Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Sekolah Dasar. Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, 11(1), 11–22. https://doi.org/10.24246/j.js.2021.v11.i1.p11-22.

Dewantara, J. A., & Nurgiansah, T. H. (2020). Efektivitas Pembelajaran Daring di Masa Pandemi COVID 19 Bagi Mahasiswa Universitas PGRI Yogyakarta. Jurnal Basicedu, 5(1), 367–375. https://doi.org/10.31004/basicedu.v5i1.669.

Dewi, L. (2017). Rancangan Program Pembelajaran Daring Di Perguruan Tinggi: Studi Kasus Pada Mata Kuliah Kurikulum Pem-Belajaran Di Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia. Edutech, 16(2), 205. https://doi.org/10.17509/e.v16i2.7616.

Dewi, W. A. F. (2020). Dampak COVID-19 terhadap Implementasi Pembelajaran Daring di Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Edukatif Ilmu Pendidikan, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.31004/edukatif.v2i1.89.

Dhawan, S. (2020). Online Learning: A Panacea in the Time of COVID-19 Crisis. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 49(1), 5–22. https://doi.org/10.1177/0047239520934018.

Dong, C., Cao, S., & Li, H. (2020). Young children’s online learning during COVID-19 pandemic: Chinese parents’ beliefs and attitudes. Children and Youth Services Review, 118(June), 105440. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105440.

Fitriyanti, F., Farida, & Zikri, A. (2020). Peningkatan Sikap dan Kemampuan Berpikir Ilmiah Siswa Melalui Model PBL di Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Basicedu, 4(2). https://doi.org/10.31004/basicedu.v4i2.376.

Guswara, A. M. (2020). The Contribution of Google Classroom Application and Motivation to The Learning Outcomes of Web Programming. Educational Technology, 4(4), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v4i4.29896.

Hamdani, A. R., & Priatna, A. (2020). Efektivitas Implementasi Pembelajaran Daring (Full Online) Dimasa Pandemi Covid-19. VI, 1–9.

Hanik, E. U. (2020). Self directed learning berbasis literasi digital pada masa pandemi covid-19 di Madrasah Ibtidaiyah. ELEMENTARY: Islamic Teacher Journal, 8(1), 183. https://doi.org/10.21043/elementary.v8i1.7417.

Hartini, A. (2017). Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Model Project Based Learning Untuk Meningkat Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran Di Sekolah Dasar, 1(2). https://doi.org/10.30651/else.v1i2a.1038.

Huang, K., Wu, Y., Long, C., Ji, H., & Sun, B. (2021). Adaptive process monitoring via online dictionary learning and its industrial application. ISA Transactions, 114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isatra.2020.12.046.

Hutauruk, A., & Sidabutar, R. (2020). Kendala pembelajaran daring selama masa pandemi di kalangan mahasiswa pendidikan matematika: Kajian kualiatatif deskriptif. Journal of Mathematics Education and Applied, 02(01), 45–51. https://doi.org/10.36655/sepren.v2i1.364.

Ikbal, I., Taena, L., & Ilham, M. (2019). Faktor Penyebab Rendahnya Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas XI Pada Mata Pelajaran Ekonomi Di SMA Negeri 1 Bone Kabupaten Muna. Jurnal Online Program Studi Pendidikan Ekonomi, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.36709/jopspe.v4i1.13526.

Ingemarson, M., Rubenson, B., Bodin, M., & Guldbrandsson, K. (2014). Implementation of a school-wide prevention programme-teachers’ and headmasters’ perceptions of organizational capacity. Evaluation and Program Planning, 43. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.evalprogplan.2013.10.005.

Kadarsih, Inge. Marsidin, Sufyarma. Subandi Ahmad, F. A. E. (2020). Peran dan Tugas Kepemimpinan Sekolah di Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Pendidikan, 2(2), 194. https://doi.org/10.31004/edukatif.v2i2.138.

Kaplan, D. E. (2018). Piagetian Theory in Online Teacher Education. Scientific Research Publishing, 9(6). https://doi.org/10.4236/ce.2018.96061.

Khalil, Z. M. (2018). EFL Students’ Perceptions towards Using Google Docs and Google Classroom as Online Collaborative Tools in Learning Grammar. Applied Linguistics Research Journal, 2(2), 33–48. https://doi.org/10.14744/alrj.2018.47955.

Kimkong Heng, & Koemhong Sol. (2020). Online learning during COVID-19: Key challenges and suggestions to enhance effectiveness. Cambodian Education Forum (CEF), December, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0248758.

Kivunja, C. (2015). Unpacking the Information, Media, and Technology Skills Domain of the New Learning Paradigm. International Journal of Higher Education, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.5430/ijhe.v4n1p166

Korkmaz, G., & Toraman, Ç. (2020). Are We Ready for the Post-COVID-19 Educational Practice? An Investigation into What Educators Think as to Online Learning. International Journal of Technology in Education and Science, 4(4), 293–309. https://doi.org/10.46328/ijtes.v4i4.110.

Kurniawati, M., Santanapurba, H., & Kusumawati, E. (2019). Penerapan Blended Learning Menggunakan Model Flipped Classroom Berbantuan Google Classroom Dalam Pembelajaran Matematika Smp. EDU-MAT: Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika, 7(1), 8–19. https://doi.org/10.20527/edumat.v7i1.6827.

LaForce, M., Noble, E., & Blackwell, C. (2017). Problem-Based Learning (PBL) and Student Interest in STEM Careers: The Roles of Motivation and Ability Beliefs. Education Sciences, 7(4), 92. https://doi.org/10.3390/educsci7040092.

Lorenza, L., & Carter, D. (2021). International Journal of Educational Research Open Emergency online teaching during COVID-19 : A case study of Australian tertiary students in teacher education and creative arts. International Journal of Educational Research Open, 2–2(May), 100057. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedro.2021.100057.

Mahmoodi, M., Rashtchi, M., & Abbasian, G. R. (2019). Evaluation of in-service teacher training program in iran: Focus on the Kirkpatrick model. Education and Self Development, 14(4), 20–38. https://doi.org/10.26907/esd14.4.03.

Mansyur, A. R. (2020). Dampak COVID-19 Terhadap Dinamika Pembelajaran Di Indonesia. Education and Learning Journal, 1(2), 113. https://doi.org/10.33096/eljour.v1i2.55.

Maris, I. S., Komariah, A., & Bakar, A. (2016). Kepemimpinan Transformasional Kepala Sekolah, Kinerja Guru Dan Mutu Sekolah. Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan, 23(2), 173–188. https://doi.org/10.17509/jap.v23i2.5645.

Maulana, H. A., & Hamidi, M. (2020). Persepsi Mahasiswa terhadap Pembelajaran Daring pada Mata Kuliah Praktik di Pendidikan Vokasi. Equilibrium: Jurnal Pendidikan, 8(2), 224–231. https://doi.org/10.26618/equilibrium.v8i2.3443.

Mpungose, C. B. (2021). Lecturers’ reflections on use of Zoom video conferencing technology for e-learning at a South African university in the context of coronavirus. African Identities. https://doi.org/10.1080/14725843.2021.1902268.

Muliartini, Natajaya, & Sunu. (2019). Kontribusi Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah, Etos Kerja, Kepuasan Kerja, dan Budaya Organisasi Sekolah Terhadap Kinerja Guru di SMKN 2 Singaraja. Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan Indonesia, 10(1), 13–23. https://doi.org/10.23887/japi.v10i1.2786.

Mustikaningrum, G., Pramusinta, L., Ayu, S., & Umar, M. (2020). Implementasi Pendidikan Karakter Terintegrasi Kurikulum Dan Metode Pembelajaran Pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19. AULADUNA: Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar Islam, 7(2), 154–164. https://doi.org/10.24252/10.24252/auladuna.v7i2a5.2020.

Napsawati, N. (2020). Analisis Situasi Pembelajaran Ipa Fisika Dengan Metode Daring Di Tengah Wabah Covid-19. Karst : JURNAL PENDIDIKAN FISIKA DAN TERAPANNYA, 3(1), 96–102. https://doi.org/10.46918/karst.v3i1.546.

Nurkholis, I. (2021). Analisis Kelebihan dan Kekurangan dalam Pembelajaran Daring di SDN Pesanggrahan 01 Kota Batu Malang. PTK: Jurnal Tindakan Kelas, 2(1), 84–89. https://doi.org/10.53624/ptk.v2i1.45.

Nurrohmah, F., Putra, F. G., & Farida, F. (2018). Development of Sparkol Video Scribe Assisted Learning Media. Formatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan MIPA, 8(3), 233–250. https://doi.org/10.30998/formatif.v8i3.2613.

Onyema, E. M. (2020). Impact of Coronavirus Pandemic on Education. Journal of Education and Practice, 11(13), 108–121. https://doi.org/10.7176/jep/11-13-12.

Owusu-Fordjour, C., Koomson, C. K., & Hanson, D. (2020). European Journal of Education Studies The Impact Of Covid-19 On Learning -. European Journal of Education Studies, 7(3), 88–101. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3753586.

Prayito. (2011). Pengembangan Perangkat Pembelajaran Matematika Humanistik Berbasis Konstruktivisme Berbantuan E-Learning Materi Segitiga Kelas VII. AKSIOMA Journal of Mathematics Education, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.26877/aks.v2i2/Septembe.37.

Priatmoko, S., Sugiri, W. A., Bashori, & Islamy, M. I. (2021). Distance Learning for New Students in the Era of Pandemic Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19): Implementation and Barriers. Proceedings of the International Conference on Engineering, Technology and Social Science (ICONETOS 2020), 529(Iconetos 2020), 607–613. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210421.088.

Purwanto, A., Asbari, M., Fahlevi, M., Mufid, A., Agistiawati, E., Cahyono, Y., & Suryani, P. (2020). Impact of Work From Home (WFH) on Indonesian Teachers Performance During the Covid-19 Pandemic : An Exploratory Study. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(5), 6235–6244.

Purwanto, A., Pramono, R., Asbari, M., Hyun, C. C., Wijayanti, L. M., Putri, R. S., & Santoso, priyono B. (2020). Studi Eksploratif Dampak Pandemi Covid-19 Terhadap Proses Pembelajaran Online di Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal of Education, Psychology and Counseling., 2(1).

Putria, H., Maula, L. H., & Uswatun, D. A. (2020). Analisis Proses Pembelajaran dalam Jaringan (DARING) Masa Pandemi Covid- 19 Pada Guru Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Basicedu, 4(4), 861–872. https://doi.org/10.31004/basicedu.v4i4.460.

Rasmitadila, Aliyyah, R. R., Rachmadtullah, R., Samsudin, A., Syaodih, E., Nurtanto, M., & Tambunan, A. R. S. (2020). The Perceptions of Primary School Teachers of Online Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic Period : A Case Study in Indonesia. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 7(2), 90–109. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.29333/ejecs/388.

Ratmini, N. A., Natajaya, I. N., & Sunu, I. G. K. A. (2019). Kontribusi Gaya Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah, Komitmen Organisasi, Iklim Kerja dan Motivasi Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Guru SMP Negeri 2 Singaraja. Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan Indonesia, 10(2), 91–100. https://doi.org/10.23887/japi.v10i2.2795.

Rigianti, H. A. (2020a). Kendala Pembelajaran Daring Guru Sekolah Dasar Di Banjarnegara. Elementary School: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pembelajaran Ke-SD-An, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.31316/esjurnal.v7i2.768.

Rigianti, H. A. (2020b). Kendala Pembelajaran Daring Guru Sekolah Dasar di Kabupaten Banjarnegara. Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, 21(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.31316/esjurnal.v7i2.768.

Roni Hamdani, A., & Priatna, A. (2020). Efektifitas Implementasi Pembelajaran Daring (Full Online) Dimasa Pandemi Covid- 19 Pada Jenjang Sekolah Dasar Di Kabupaten Subang. Didaktik : Jurnal Ilmiah PGSD STKIP Subang, 6(1), 1–9. https://doi.org/10.36989/didaktik.v6i1.120.

Sakliressy, M. T., Sunarno, W., & Nurosyid, F. (2021). Students Scientific Attitude in Learning Physics Using Problem Based Learning Model with Experimental and Project Methods. Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Fisika Al-Biruni. https://doi.org/10.24042/jipfalbiruni.v10i1.8347.

Siahaan, K. W. A., Manurung, H. M., & Siahaan, M. M. (2021). Android-Based Learning Media Development Strategies During Pandemic Times To Improve Student Science Literature. International Journal of Education and Humanities, 1(1), 34–42.

Singh, C. K. S., Singh, T. S. M., Abdullah, N. Y., Moneyam, S., Ismail, M. R., Tek, E., Karupayah, T., Chenderan, K., Singh, M. K. R., & Singh, J. K. S. (2020). Rethinking English language teaching through Telegram, Whatsapp, Google classroom and Zoom. Systematic Reviews in Pharmacy, 11(11), 45–54. https://doi.org/10.31838/srp.2020.11.9.

Subandi, S. (2018). Kontribusi Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah, Motivasi Kerja,dan Iklim Sekolah terhadap Kinerja Guru. Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Sains Dan Humaniora, 1(2), 57–63. https://doi.org/10.23887/jppsh.v1i2.12934.

Sugiyono. (2013). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan. In Alfabeta.

Supriyanto, A., Hartini, S., Irdasari, W. N., Miftahul, A., Oktapiana, S., & Mumpuni, S. D. (2020). Teacher professional quality: Counselling services with technology in Pandemic Covid-19. Counsellia: Jurnal Bimbingan Dan Konseling, 10(2), 176. https://doi.org/10.25273/counsellia.v10i2.7768.

Sutarto, S., Sari, D. P., & Fathurrochman, I. (2020). Teacher Strategies in Online Learning to Increase Students ’ Interest in Learning During COVID-19 Pandemic. Jurnal Konseling Dan Pendidikan, 8(147800), 129–137. https://doi.org/10.29210/147800.

Taştan, S. B., Davoudi, S. M. M., Masalimova, A. R., Bersanov, A. S., Kurbanov, R. A., Boiarchuk, A. V., & Pavlushin, A. A. (2018). The impacts of teacher’s efficacy and motivation on student’s academic achievement in science education among secondary and high school students. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 14(6), 2353–2366. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejmste/89579.

Wahyudin, W. (2018). Optimalisasi Peran Kepala Sekolah dalam Implementasi Kurikulum 2013. Jurnal Kependidikan, 6(2), 249–265. https://doi.org/10.24090/jk.v6i2.1932.

Widodo. (2014). Strategi Peningkatan Aktivitas Jasmani Siswa Sekolah Dasar di Luar Pembelajaran Pendidikan Jasmani, Olahraga, dan Kesehatan di Indonesia. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, 20(2), 281–294. https://doi.org/10.24832/jpnk.v20i2.144.

Wijaya, T. T., Ying, Z., Purnama, A., & Hermita, N. (2020). Indonesian students’ learning attitude towards online learning during the coronavirus pandemic. Psychology, Evaluation, and Technology in Educational Research, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.33292/petier.v3i1.56.

Wuryandani, W., Maftuh, B., Sapriya, & Budimansyah, D. (2014). Pendidikan Karakter Disiplin Di Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, 2(2), 286–295. https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v2i2.2168.

Yahdiyani, N. R., Muna, A. R., Nurjanah, S., & Wahyuni, S. (2020). Peran Kepemimpinan Kepala Sekolah dalam Meningkatkan Kualitas Peserta didik di SDN Martapuro 2 Kabupaten Pasuruan. Journal of Education, Psychology and Counseling, 02(01), 327–336.

Yulia, H. (2020). Online Learning to Prevent the Spread of Pandemic Corona Virus in Indonesia. ETERNAL (English Teaching Journal), 11(1). https://doi.org/10.26877/eternal.v11i1.6068.

Yulyani, Y., Kazumaretha, T., Arisanti, Y., Fitria, Y., & Desyandri, D. (2020). Implementasi Kompetensi Pedagogik Guru Dalam Pembelajaran Tematik Di Sekolah Dasar. School Education Journal Pgsd Fip Unimed, 10(2), 184. https://doi.org/10.24114/sejpgsd.v10i2.18545.

Yustika, G. P., Subagyo, A., & Iswati, S. (2019). Masalah Yang Dihadapi Dunia Pendidikan Dengan Tutorial Online: Sebuah Short Review. Tadbir : Jurnal Studi Manajemen Pendidikan, 3(2), 195. https://doi.org/10.29240/jsmp.v3i2.1178.

Yusuf, M. (2012). Kinerja Kepala Sekolah dan Guru dalam Mengimplementasikan Pendidikan Inklusif. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, 18(4). https://doi.org/10.24832/jpnk.v18i4.96.

Zhou, S., Shearing, P. R., Brett, D. J. L., & Jervis, R. (2021). Machine learning as an online diagnostic tool for proton exchange membrane fuel cells. Current Opinion in Electrochemistry, 23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coelec.2021.100867.

Downloads

Published

2021-10-07