Field Trip and Its Effect on Traditional Ecological Knowledge Literacy During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Rural Primary School

Sumarwati Sumarwati, Edy Suryanto, Slamet Slamet, Mila Anggar Wati

Abstract


Traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) is the best indigenous practice acquired through centuries of experience in contact with nature. The rural area in Tawangmangu District, located on the slopes of Mount Lawu, Indonesia, is rich in TEK, such as folklore, traditional ceremonies, performing arts, planting systems, and harvesting systems that are starting to be abandoned young. Teaching TEK by bringing students to learning resources allows literacy to occur in cognitive and affective aspects. This study was conducted to determine the effect of teaching through field trips on improving the literacy of local elementary school students in TEK literacy. The study was conducted through a quasi-experimental with pretest-posttest non-equivalent control group design. Learning in the experimental class is carried out outside the home with field trips in small groups (4-6 students), while the control class is carried out using a distance learning system via WhatsApp and radio broadcasts at each student's home. The results show a significant effect of the field trip method on TEK literacy, both in cognitive and affective aspects. d Cohen's analysis shows the effect is quite significant. The level of mastery of TEK material in the field trip class is significantly higher than in the non-field trip class. In addition, students in the field trip class also showed higher pro-environment attitudes than students in the non-field trip class. It is recommended that environmental or local cultural education be held through field visits in small groups to reduce student boredom following distance learning during the pandemic in rural areas.


Keywords


Traditional Ecological Knowledge, Field Trip, Covid-19 Pandemic, Rural Primary School, Distance Learning

Full Text:

PDF

References


Agusman, Suyitno, I., & Pratiwi, Y. (2018). Local wisdom and value of character in level of Ajikrama at Sasak wedding tradition. SLLAC : Journal of Intensive Studies on Language, Literature, Art, and Culture, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.17977/um006v2i12018p045.

Alexander, S. M., Provencher, J. F., Henri, D. A., Taylor, J. J., & Cooke, S. J. (2019). Bridging Indigenous and science-based knowledge in coastal-marine research, monitoring, and management in Canada: a systematic map protocol. Environment International, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13750-019-0159-1.

Arrobas, F., Ferreira, J., Brito-Henriques, E., & Fernandes, A. (2020). Measuring tourism and environmental sciences students’ attitudes towards sustainable tourism. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education, 27. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhlste.2020.100273.

Awi, S. I. M. (2013). Para-Para Adat Sebagai Lembaga Peradilan Adat Pada Masyarakat Hukum Adat Port Numbay di Kota Jayapura. Jurnal Magister Hukum Udayana, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.24843/JMHU.2013.v02.i01.p07.

Cagivinaka. (2016). Reorienting education and indigenous Fijian ecological knowledge: an analysis of indigenous Fijian students’ traditional ecological knowledge of environmental sustainable practices. International Journal of Educational Research and Development, 5(1).

Cheng, K.-H., & Tsai, C.-C. (2019). A case study of immersive virtual field trips in an elementary classroom: Students’ learning experience and teacher-student interaction behaviors. Computers & Education, 140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2019.103600.

Everett, K. (2011). Urban Aboriginal Creation Stories and History: contesting the past and the present. The Eleventh Doireann MacDermott Lecture. Coolabah, 7. https://doi.org/10.1344/co201171-14.

Fauziah, A., Putri, R. I. I., Zulkardi, Z., & Somakim, S. (2020). Developing PMRI Learning Environment Through Lesson Study For Pre-Service Primary School Teacher. Journal On Mathematics Education, 11(2). https://doi.org/10.22342/jme.11.2.10914.193-208.

Fitrahayunitisna, F., & Zulvarina, P. (2017). The efforts to strengthen national identity through ethical value and local wisdom in oral literature. ISLLAC : Journal of Intensive Studies on Language, Literature, Art, and Culture, 1(2). https://doi.org/10.17977/um006v1i22017p019.

Güler, M. P. D., & Afacan, O. (2013). The impact of field trips on attitudes and behaviours related to sustainable environmental education. World Applied Sciences Journal, 23(8). https://doi.org/10.5829/idosi.wasj.2013.23.08.591.

Hamidi, Z., & Zhao, C. (2020). Shaping sustainable travel behaviour: Attitude, skills, and access all matter. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.trd.2020.102566.

Hartini, S., S., Firdausi, Misbah, & Sulaeman. (2018). The Development of Physics Teaching Materials Based on Local Wisdom to Train Saraba Kawa Characters. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v7i2.14249.

Hattingh, H., & Downing, C. (2020). Clinical learning environment: Lived experiences of post-basic critical care nursing students. International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences, 13. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijans.2020.100263.

Indrianti, D. T., Khutobah, K., & Latif, M. A. (2017). Potensi kearifan lokal dalam pendidikan keaksaraan fungsional pada masyarakat perdesaan di Kabupaten Jember. Journal of Nonformal Education, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.15294/jne.v3i2.10949.

Jose, S., Patrick, P. G., & Moseley, C. (2017). Experiential learning theory: the importance of outdoor classrooms in environmental education. International Journal of Science Education, 7(3). https://doi.org/10.1080/21548455.2016.1272144.

Khaerunnnisa, E., & Pamungkas, A. S. (2019). Pengembangan Instrumen Kecakapan Matematis Dalam Konteks Kearifan Lokal Budaya Banten Pada Materi Bangun Ruang Sisi Datar. Kreano Jurnal Matematika Kreatif-Inovatif, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.15294/kreano.v9i1.11210.

Kim, E.-J. A. (2012). Studying the integration level of traditional ecological knowledge in science education: a case study in British Columbia, Canada in grade 7 and 8 official curriculum documents. International Journal for Cross-Disciplinary Subjects in Education (IJCDSE), 3(2). https://doi.org/10.1080/14926156.2014.970906.

Kristiawan, N. (2018). Pola Adaptasi Ekologi Budaya Tiga Komunitas di Jambi. Bhumi: Jurnal Agraria Dan Pertahanan, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.31292/jb.v3i2.124.

Kurnilasari, D. T., Yahanan, A., & Rahim, R. . (2018). Indonesia’s traditional knowledge documentation in intellectual property rights’ perspective. Sriwijaya Law Review, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.28946/slrev.Vol2.Iss1.114.pp110-130.

Marini, & Retnoningsih, A. (2016). Efektifitas metode field trip di Sungai Kaligarang Semarang terhadap hasil belajar siswa materi pengelolaan lingkungan. Journal of Biology Education, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.15294/jbe.v5i1.12472.

Matsun, Andrini, V. S., Maduretno, T. W., & Yusro, A. C. (2019). Development of physics learning e-module based on local culture wisdom in Pontianak,West Kalimantan. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1381(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1381/1/012045.

Meschini, M., Toffolo, M. M., Caroselli, E., Franzellitti, S., & Marchini, C. (2021). Educational briefings in touristic facilities promote tourist sustainable behavior and customer loyalty. Biological Conservation, 259. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2021.109122.

Niman, E. M. (2019). Kearifan lokal dan upaya pelestarian lingkungan alam. Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, 11(1).

Nurhaedah, & Pagarra, H. (2017). Efektivitas metode field trip dalam meningkatan kemampuan menulis karangan deskripsi murid SD. Jurnal Retorika, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.26858/retorika.v10i2.4853.

Nurmaliah, N., Ilyas, S., & Apriana, E. (2018). Penggunaan Metode Karyawisata Untuk Meningkatkan Pemahaman Konsep Dan Keterampilan Proses Sains Pada Materi Keanekaragaman Hayati. Biotik: Jurnal Ilmiah Biologi Teknologi Dan Kependidikan, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.22373/biotik.v2i1.231.

Okello-Obura, C. (2018). Constant, documenting agricultural indigenous knowledge and provision of access through online database platform. Library Philosophy and Practice (e-Journal), 1(1).

Panzer-Krause, S. (2020). The lost rural idyll? Tourists’ attitudes towards sustainability and their influence on the production of rural space at a rural tourism hotspot in Northern Ireland. Journal of Rural Studies, 80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2020.09.013.

Purnama, Y. (2017). Mitologi Saedah Saenih: Cerita Rakyat Dari Indramayu. Patanjala: Jurnal Penelitian Sejarah Dan Budaya, 8(3). https://doi.org/10.30959/patanjala.v8i3.13.

Putra, A. K., Sumarmi, S., & Susilo, S. (2018). Makna Konsep Catur Guru bagi Suku Tengger sebagai Upaya Pendewasaan Usia Perkawinan (Perspektif Fenomenologi). Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori , Penelitian Dan Pengembangan, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.17977/jptpp.v3i1.10370.

Riegel, U., & Kindermann, K. (2016). Why leave the classroom? How field trips to the church affect cognitive learning outcomes. Learning and Instruction, 41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2015.10.004.

Salampessy, M. L., Febryano, I. G., & Bone, I. (2017). Local Community’s Ecological Knowledge In The Selection Of Shading Treesfor Traditional Agroforestry System (Nutmeg “Dusung”) In Ambon. Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Dan Ekonomi Kehutanan, 14(2). https://doi.org/10.20886/jpsek.2017.14.2.135-142.

Sanita, S., Marta, R., & Nurhaswinda, N. (2020). Peningkatan kemampuan menulis karangan deskripsi dengan metode pembelajaran field trip. Journal on Teacher Education, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.31004/jote.v2i1.1224.

Santoso, W. J. (2017). Analisis Sosio-Ekono-Ekolinguistik terhadap Pemertahanan Leksikon Tanaman Tradisonal untuk Bumbu Masak bagi Mahasiswi di Kota Semarangitle. JP-BSI (Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Indonesia), 2(2). https://doi.org/10.26737/jp-bsi.v2i2.250.

Suastra, I. W., Jatmiko, B., Ristiati, N. P., & Yasmini, L. P. B. (2017). Developing characters based on local wisdom of bali in teaching physics in senior high school. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 6(2), 306–312. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v6i2.10681.

Sumarwati, & Anindyarini, A. (2015). The traditional dhukutan ceremony in Tawangmang, Karanganyar Regency, Indonesia. Proceeding The 8th International Indonesia Forum Conference "Discourse Exploring the Space between Tradition and Modernity in Indonesia”,.

Sumarwati, S., Suryanto, E., Slamet, S., & Wati, M. A. (2021). Field Trip and Its Effect on Traditional Ecological Knowledge Literacy during the COVID-19 Pandemic in Rural Primary School. Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar, 5(4). https://doi.org/10.23887/jisd.v5i4.39870.

Sumarwati, Sukarno, Anindyarini, A., & Lestari, W. D. (2020). Integration of traditional ecological knowledge in-to primary school learning. Retorika: Jurnal Bahasa, Sastra, Dan Pengajarannya, 13(2). https://doi.org/10.26858/retorika.v13i2.13993.

Taneo, M. (2017). Effect of field trip learning method toward the conceptual understanding of local history. Journal of Research & Method in Education, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.1039/B4RP90016B.

Turvey, Bryant, & McClune. (2018). Differential loss of components of traditional ecological knowledge following a primate extinction event. Royal Social. Open Science, 5. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.172352.

Wati, Sumarwati, & Saddhono. (2019). Islamic religious values in dhukutan traditional ceremony as character education for elementary school students. El Harakah, 21(1). https://doi.org/10.18860/el.v21i1.5615.

Whitesell, E. (2016). A day at the museum: The impact of field trips on middle school science achievement. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 53(7). https://doi.org/10.1002/tea.21322.

Wibowo, H. A., Wasino, W., & Setyowati, D. L. (2012). Kearifan lokal dalam menjaga lingkungan hidup (studi kasus masyarakat di Desa Colo Kecamatan Dawe Kabupaten Kudus). Journal of Educational Social Studies, 1(1). https://doi.org/10.15294/jess.v1i1.79.

Widiantini, N. N. A. S., Putra, M., & Wiarta, I. W. (2017). Model Pembelajaran Sets (Science, Environment, Technology, Society) Berbantuan Virtual Lab Berpengaruh Terhadap Kompetensi Pengetahuan IPA. Journal of Education Technology. https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v1i2.11776.

Widodo, M. (2019). Penerapan metode field trip untuk meningkatkan kemampuan menulis puisi pada siswa kelas Vb MIN Wonosari Gunung Kidul. Jurnal Pendidikan Madrasah, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.14421/jpm.2019.41-04.

Wong-Parodi, G., & Rubin, N. B. (2021). Exploring how climate change subjective attribution, personal experience with extremes, concern, and subjective knowledge relate to pro-environmental attitudes and behavioral intentions in the United States. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2021.101728.

Yossa, I. (2015). Pengaruh Strategi Karyawisata Dan Sensitivitas Ekologis Terhadap Apresiasi Siswa Tentang Pelestarian Satwa. Edusains, 6(2). https://doi.org/10.15408/es.v6i2.1150.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jisd.v5i4.39870

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 764 times
PDF file view : 90 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



JURNAL ILMIAH SEKOLAH DASAR IS PUBLISHED BY:

UNIVERSITAS PENDIDIKAN GANESHA

Jl. Udayana, Kampus Tengah, Singaraja-Bali
Kode Pos 81116; Telp. 0362-22928
Homepage: https://lppm.undiksha.ac.id
Email: wayan_widiana@yahoo.co.id


Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar terindeks oleh

 Akreditasi SINTA   




Creative Commons License

Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar memiliki lisensi Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.