EFL Teachers’ Challenges and Opportunities of Emergency Remote Teaching During The Covid-19 Pandemi C: Narrative Inquiry

Elis Sundarwati, Muhammad Reza Pahlevi


This research aims to explore challenges and opportunities that EFL teachers have in emergency remote teaching during covid-19 pandemic in senior high school, Bogor. This study expects to be a consideration for future studies and policies regarding emergency remote teaching. This study employs narrative inquiry methods which explores objective experience of 4 EFL teachers. In this research the technique of collecting data researchers use interview and documentation. There are some general pattern findings that represent this study. The study discovered that there are technical and pedagogical challenges during emergency remote teaching. However, some opportunities submerged that benefits the teachers self development as teachers and digital skills which shows sign of self-sense and authority as teachers.

Full Text:



Anderson, T. (2008). The Theory and Practice of Online Learning. Second Edition. AU Press Canada. Athbasca University.

Andreson, Martin A. 2009. “Asynchronous Discussion Forums: Success Factors, Outcomes, Assessments, and Limitations.” Educational Technology & Society 12(1):249–57.

Bozkurt, A., Ozbek, E., Yilmazel, S., Erdogdu, E., Ucar,

H., Guler, E., Sezgin, S., Karadeniz, A., Sen-Ersoy, N., Canbek, N., Dincer, G., Ari, S., & Hakan, C. (2020). A global outlook to the interruption of education due to COVID-19 Pandemic: Navigating in a time of uncertainty and crisis. Asian Journal of Distance Education, 15(1), p. 1-126. Retrieved fromhttp://www.asianjde.org/ojs/index.php/AsianJDE/article/view/462

Cardullo, V., Wang, C., Burton, M. and Dong, J., 2021. K-12 teachers’ remote teaching self-efficacy during the pandemic. Journal of Research in Innovative Teaching & Learning, 14(1), pp.32-45.

Clarke, V., & Braun, V. (2014). Thematic analysis. In Encyclopedia of critical psychology (pp. 1947-1952). Springer, New York, NY.

Cole, J., & Vanderplank, R. (2016). Comparing autonomous and class-based learners in Brazil: Evidence for the present-day advantages of informal, out-of-class learning. System, 61, 31–42.

Dhawan, S. (2020a). Online learning: A panacea in the time of COVID-19 crisis. Journal of Educational Technology, 49(1), 5–22. https://doi.org/10.1177/0047239520934018

Gjelaj, M., Buza, K., Shatri, K., & Zabeli, N. (2020). Digital technologies in early childhood: Attitudes and practices of parents and teachers in Kosovo. International Journal of Instruction, 13(1), 165–184. https://doi.org/10.29333/iji.2020.13111a

Hashemi, A. (2021). Online teaching experiences in higher education institutions of Afghanistan during the COVID-19 outbreak: Challenges and opportunities. Cogent Arts & Humanities, 8(1), 1947008. doi: 10.1080/23311983.2021.1947008

Jain, S., Lall, M., & Singh, A. (2021). Teachers’ Voices on the Impact of COVID-19 on School Education: Are Ed-Tech Companies Really the Panacea? Contemporary Education Dialogue, 18(1), 58–89. https://doi.org/10.1177/0973184920976433

Jensen, S. H. (2017). Gaming as an English language learning resource among young Children in Denmark. Calico Journal, 34(1). https://doi.org.10.1558/cj.29519

Kemendikbud RI, 2021. [online] Kemdikbud.go.id. Available at: [Accessed 19 July 2021].

Khodabandelou, R. That, J. E. M., Anne, A., & P S, S. (2016). Exploring the main barriers of technology integration in the English language teaching classroom: A qualitative study. International Journal of Education and Literacy Studies, 4(1), 53-58. https://doi.org/10.7575/aiac.ijels.v.4n.1p.53

Klapproth, F., Federkeil, L., Heinschke, F., & Jungmann, T. (2020). Teachers’ experiences of stress and their coping strategies during COVID-19 induced distance teaching. Journal of Pedagogical Research. Advanced online publication. doi: 10.33902/JPR.2020062805

Lee, J. S., & Drajati, N. A. (2019). Affective variables and informal digital learning of English: Keys to willingness to communicate in a second language. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 35(5), 168–182. https://doi.org/10.14742/ajet.5177

Lucena, J. M. V. M., & Leal, D. A. (2020). Education, Teaching and Technology and the Amazonian Identities. Revista de Estudos e Pesquisas Sobre Ensino Tecnológico (EDUCITEC), 13(1), 1-14.

Malathy. (2019). Teaching Language through Technology. Kongunadu Research Journal, 1, 4–5. https://doi.org/10.26524/krj28

Marshall, D. T., Shannon, D. M., & Love, S. M. (2020). How teachers experienced the COVID-19 transition to remote instruction. Phi Delta Kappan, 102(3), 46–50. https://doi.org/10.1177/0031721720970702

Mishra, L., Gupta, T., & Shree, A. (2020). International journal of educational research open online teaching-learning in higher education during lockdown period of COVID-19 pandemic. International Journal of Educational Research Open, 1(September), 100012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedro.2020.100012

Mouchantaf, M. (2020). The COVID-19 pandemic : challenges faced and lessons learned regarding distance learning in Lebanese higher education institutions. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 10(10), 1259–1266. https:// doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.17507/tpls.1010.11

Mumford, S. and Dikilitaş, K., 2020. Pre-service language teachers’ reflection development through online interaction in a hybrid learning course. Computers & Education, 144, p.103706.

Novikov, P. (2020). Impact of COVID-19 emergency transition to on-line learning on international students’perceptions of educational process at Russian university Philipp Novikov 1. journal of Social Studies Education Research, 11(3), 270–302. https://www.learntechlib.org/p/217752/.

Nugroho, A. & Mutiaraningrum, I. (2020). EFL Teachers ’ beliefs and practices about digital learning of English. 5(2), 304–321. http://dx.doi.org/10.30659/e.5.2.304-321

Nugroho, A., Ilmiani, D. and Rekha, A., 2021. EFL Teachers’ Challenges and Insights of Online Teaching amidst Global Pandemic. Metathesis: Journal of English Language, Literature, and Teaching, 4(3), p.277.

Ruohotie-Lyhty, M. (2018). Identity-agency in progress: Teachers authoring their identities. In Research on Teacher Identity (pp. 25-36). Springer, Cham.

Satar, H. M., & Akcan, S. (2018). Pre-service EFL teachers’ online participation, interaction, and social presence. Language Learning & Technology, 22(1),157–183. https//dx.doi.org/10125/44586

Shamir-Inbal, T., & Blau, I. (2021). Facilitating Emergency Remote K-12 Teaching in Computing-Enhanced Virtual Learning Environments during COVID-19 Pandemic - Blessing or Curse? Journal of Educational Computing Research. https://doi.org/10.1177/0735633121992781

Shim, T. E., & Lee, S. Y. (2020). College students’ experience of emergency remote teaching due to COVID-19. Children and youth services review, 119, 105578.

Taopan, L. L., & Drajati, N. A. (2020). TPACK Framework: Challenges and Opportunities in EFL Classrooms. Research and Innovation in Language Learning, 3(1), 1-22.

Thadphoothon, J. (2020). Online Language Learning Survey. Special Report, Dhurakij Pundit University.

UNESCO. (2020a). School closures caused by Coronavirus (Covid-19). Retrieved from https://en.unesco.org/covid19/educationresponse

Yamagata-lynch, L. C. (2020). View of blending online asynchronous and synchronous learning. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning. 15(2). http://www.irrodl.org/article/view/1778/2837

Yehya, F., Barbar, A., & Rjeily, S. A. (2018). Diagnosing the barriers for integrating educational technology in physics courses in Lebanese secondary schools. Research in Social Sciences and Technology, 3(2), 14- 39.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/leju.v4i2.37565

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 766 times
PDF file view : 770 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

This journal is published by

Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha

Jl. Udayana, Kampus Tengah, Singaraja-Bali
Kode Pos 81116
Telp. 0362-22928
Homepage: https://lppm.undiksha.ac.id
Email: languageandeducation01@gmail.com

Language and Education Journal Undiksha indexed by


Creative Commons License

Language and Education Journal Undiksha is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.