TINJAUAN TENTANG TENUN TRADISIONAL DUSUN SADE DESA RAMBITAN KECAMATAN PUJUT KABUPATEN LOMBOK TENGAH

Trisna Nurmeisarah ., I Gede Sudirtha, S.Pd, M.Pd ., Made Diah Angendari, S.Pd. .

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: 1) mengetahui proses pembuatan kain tenun di Dusun Sade. 2) mengetahui ragam hias serta makna masing-masing ragam hias tenun Dusun Sade. 3) mengetahui perkembangan ragam hias tenun Dusun Sade.Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Dusun Sade Desa Rambitan Kecamatan Pujut Kabupaten Lombok Tengah. Subjek penelitian adalah pengerajin tenun Dusun Sade sebanyak 6 orang dan informan kunci 1 orang yaitu Kepala Dusun Sade. Objek penelitian adalah proses pembuatan, ragam hias tenun beserta maknanya dan perkembangan tenun. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan metode wawancara, observasi, dan pencatatan dokumen. Metode analisis data menggunakan analisis deskriptif.
Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa 1) proses pembuatan tenun adalah: a) Proses Pemintalan Benang, b) Pewarnaan Pada Benang, c) Penenunan. 2) Ragam Hias tenun Dusun Sade antara lain a) Ragam Hias Selolot, b) Ragam Hias Kelungkung, c) Ragam Hias Tapok Kemalo, d) Ragam Hias Batang Empat, e) Ragam Hias Ragi Genep, f) Ragam Hias Kembang Komak, g) Ragam Hias Berang, h) Ragam Hias bebesak, i) Ragam Hias Tuntang Balik, j) Ragam Hias Sabuk Antang, k) Ragam Hias Umbak. 3) Perkembangan ragam hias tenun Dusun Sade antara lain dalam segi perkembangan motif, perkembangan warna, serta proses pembuatan kain tenun.
Kata Kunci : Ragam Hias, Perkembangan, Tenun Sade

This research has: 1) To know, how to make the woven product at Sade village. 2) to know, various kind adorned and also each meaning from woven cloths at Sade village. 3) to kow the progress the woven products cloths at Sade village.This research has done at Sade, Rambitan Village Pujut resort at Central Lombok. The subject this reseach were 6 people of sade village be weavers and one of them be key informan. the object this reseach were how to made many kinds of woven product and also meaning and it progress. Collecting data by interview ,observation, and document reports. The analsis metode by deskriptif.
The result of this research show as follow : 1) The woven cloths proses as : a) spinning of yarn process. b) coloration of yarn. c) woving. 2) Many kinds of woven cloths at sade village namely : a) selolot woven cloths. b) kelungkung woven cloths. c) Tapok kemalo woven cloths. d) batang empat woven cloths.e) ragi genep woven cloths. f) kembang komak woven cloths g) berang woven cloths. h) bebesak woven cloths. i) tuntang balik woven cloths. j) sabuk antang woven cloths. k) umbak woven cloths. 3) the progress of this woven product at sade village that we can see on motif , color and also how to make the woven products.
keyword : many kind of various adorned, the progress, the woven products at Sade

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jjpkk.v3i1.4854

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