PERKEMBANGAN RAGAM HIAS TENUN SONGKET DI DESA SUKARARA KECAMATAN JONGGAT KABUPATEN LOMBOK TENGAH

Suharni ., I Gede Sudirtha, S.Pd, M.Pd ., Putu Agus Mayuni, S.Pd, M. Si. .

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk: (1) mengetahui jenis ragam hias kain tenun songket di Desa Sukarara Kecamatan Jonggat Kabupaten Lombok Tengah (2) mengetahui perkembangan ragam hias tenun songket di Desa Sukarara Kecamatan Jonggat Kabupaten Lombok Tengah. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Desa Sukarara Kecamatan Jonggat Kabupaten Lombok Tengah. Objek penelitian adalah jenis ragam hias dan Perkembangan ragam hias tenun songket di Desa Sukarara. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan metode observasi, wawancara, dan pencatatan dokumen. Instrumen penelitian adalah lembar observasi, wawancara, dan pencatatan dokumen. Metode analisis data menggunakan analisis dekskriptif.
Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa, (1) jenis ragam hias tenun songgket di Desa Sukarara Kecamatan Jonggat Kabupaten Lombok Tengah adalah: (a) jenis ragam hias prembon (campuran) meliputi: ragam hias subanala, ragam hias lumbung, ragam hias merak, ragam hias tokek, cemare (pohon cemara) dan ragam hias nanas, (b) jenis ragam hias geometris meliputi: ragam hias serat pangingang dan ragam hias bulan begantung, (c) jenis ragam hias manusia meliputi: ragam hias wayang dan ragam hias barong. (2) Perkembangan ragam hias tenun songket di Desa Sukarara Kecamatan Jonggat Kabupaten Lombok Tengah mengalami perkembangan antara lain: (1) Ragam hias prembon (campuran) yang mengalami perkembangan meliputi: (a) ragam hias subanala, (b) ragam hias lumbung, (c) ragam hias cemare. (2) Ragam hias geometris yang mengalami perkembangan meliputi: (a) ragam hias serat panginang, (3) Ragam hias manusia yang mengalami perkembangan meliputi: (a) wayang. Ragam hias tersebut mengalami perkembangan dari segi bentuk, motif, benang dan warna.

Kata Kunci : Ragam Hias, Perkembangan Ragam Hias

This study aims to: (1) determine the type of decoration songket in the Village District of Jonggat Sukarara Central Lombok (2) determine the development of decorative weaving songket Jonggat Sukarara Village District of Central Lombok. This research was conducted in the village Sukarara Jonggat District of Central Lombok. The object of research is a kind of decoration and ornament songket Developments in Sukarara Village. Data collection techniques using the method of observation, interviews, and recording documents. The research instrument was a sheet of observation, interviews, and recording documents. Methods of data analysis using dekskriptif analysis.
The results showed that, (1) the type of decorative weaving village songgket Sukarara Jonggat District of Central Lombok is: (a) the type of decorative prembon (mixture) includes: subanala decoration, decorative barn, peacock decoration, decorative gecko , cemare (spruce) and decorative pineapple, (b) the type of decorative geometric include: decorative fiber and decorative pangingang begantung month, (c) the type of decoration humans include: decorative puppets and decorative barong. (2) The development of decorative weaving songket Jonggat Sukarara Village District of Central Lombok has developed among others: (1) ornament prembon (mixture) which had been developed include: (a) decorative subanala, (b) a decorative barn, ( c) decorative cemare. (2) The geometric ornamentation that has developed include: (a) decorative fiber panginang, (3) ornament man who has developed include: (a) puppet. The ornament is experiencing growth in terms of shapes, patterns, yarns and colors.

keyword : Decorations, Decorations Delevopment



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jjpkk.v3i1.4991

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