Motivation and Factors Affecting Pre-Service English Teacher in Joining Webinar Session


  • I Ketut Armawan Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, Singaraja, Indonesia
  • Gede Mahendrayana Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, Singaraja, Indonesia



Motivation, Pre-Service English Teacher, Webinar


In the pandemic due to COVID-19, a massive online learning process is being carried out in education. This study aims to investigate types of motivation and identify factors that influence motivation among pre-service English teachers to participate in webinars as learning material in a distance learning context. This research is descriptive research using a mixed methods research design. The sample for this research consisted of 96 teachers. The methods used to collect data were questionnaires and interviews. The data collection instrument uses a questionnaire sheet and interview guide. The data was tabulated and analyzed quantitatively using descriptive statistical analysis to categorize the data and determine the percentage of data. The research results show that the motivation of pre-service English teachers is dominated by extrinsic motivation. It has a significant impact on student motivation to take part in webinars. Several important points about respondents' motivation for webinars are useful for increasing and enhancing their motivation for participating in webinars to increase professional development as prospective English teachers.


Adamma, O. N., Ekwutosim, O. P., & Unamba, E. C. (2018). Influence of extrinsic and intrinsic motivation on pupils academic performance in mathematics. Supremum Journal of Mathematics Education, 2(2). DOI:

Agustina, M., Azizah, E. N., & Koesmadi, D. P. (2021). Pengaruh Pemberian Reward Animasi terhadap Motivasi Belajar Anak Usia Dini selama Pembelajaran Daring. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 6(1), 353–361. DOI:

Agustini, D., Lian, B., & Sari, A. P. (2020). School’S Strategy for Teacher’S Professionalism Through Digital Literacy in the Industrial Revolution 4.0. International Journal of Educational Review, 2(2), 160–173. DOI:

Ahrens, A., Zascerinska, J., Ramar, H., & Andreeva, N. (2017). Educators’ opinion on webinars in higher education. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference, 1. DOI:

Al Sultan, A., Henson, H., & Fadde, P. J. (2018). Pre-service elementary teachers’ scientific literacy and self-efficacy in teaching science. IAFOR Journal of Education, 6(1), 25–42. DOI:

Alakrash, H. M., & Razak, N. A. (2019). Motivation towards the application of ICT in English language learning among Arab EFL students. Journal of Advanced Research in Dynamical and Control Systems, 11(10). DOI:

Alizadeh, M. (2016). The impact of motivation on English language learning. International Journal of Research in English Education, 1(1). DOI:

Alshenqeeti, H. (2018). Motivation and Foreign Language Learning: Exploring the Rise of Motivation Strategies in the EFL Classroom. International Journal of Applied Linguistics and English Literature, 7(7), 1. DOI:

Amdany, P., Sularmi, S., & Sriyanto, M. I. (2018). Learning Motivation of Slow Learner in Elementary School. Social, Humanities, and Educational Studies (SHEs): Conference Series, 1(1), 613–618. DOI:

Anam, R. S., Widodo, A., & Sopandi, W. (2020). Conceptual Change Texts t o Improve Teachers ’ Misconception at Verbal and Visual Representation on Heat Conduction Concept. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia, 16(2), 63–71. DOI:

Awan, R. U., Ghazala, N., & Anjum, N. (2011). A Study of Relationship between Achievement Motivation, Self Concept and Achievment in English and Mathematics at Secondary Level. International Education Studies, 4(3). DOI:

Baety, D. N., & Munandar, D. R. (2021). Analisis Efektifitas Pembelajaran Daring dalam Menghadapi Wabah Pandemi COVID-19. EDUKATIF: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 3(3), 880–889. DOI:

Budiana, K. M., & Djuwari, D. (2018). The non-native students’ motivation in learning English at Stie Perbanas Surabaya. Language Circle: Journal of Language and Literature, 12(2). DOI:

Creswell, J., & Pioano Clark, V. (2007). Introducing a mixed method design. Designing and conducting mixed methods research, 58–89.

Curran, J. E., & Chern, C. (2017). Pre-service English teachers’ attitudes towards English as a lingua franca. Teaching and Teacher Education, 66. DOI:

Dewantara, I. P. M., & Dibia, I. K. (2021). Distance Learning and Character Building in Rural Area During the Covid-19 Pandemic. Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar, 5(4), 677. DOI:

Ebner, C., & Gegenfurtner, A. (2019). Learning and satisfaction in webinar, online, and face-to-face instruction: a meta-analysis. Frontiers in Education, 4(92). DOI:

Edu, A. L., Jaya, P. R. P., & Ni, L. (2021). The Phenomenon of Learning Motivation of Elementary School Students. International Journal of Elementary Education, 5(2), 337. DOI:

El-Magboub, A., Haworth, I. S., Sutch, B. T., & Romero, R. M. (2016). Evaluation of in-class and online discussion meetings in a biopharmaceutics problem-based learning class. Currents in Pharmacy Teaching and Learning, 8(6), 811–820. DOI:

Elizabeth, E., & Ena, O. T. (2019). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation of English education graduation students’ batch 2018 in accomplishing academic performance. IDEAS: Journal on English Language Teaching and Learning, Linguistics and Literature, 7(2). DOI:

Elmahdi, I., & Fawzi, H. (2019). Pre-service teachers’ perception of readiness to teach in light of teachers’ standards. American Journal of Educational Research, 7(4).

Fakhruddin, Z., Amzah, A., & Nurchalis, N. F. (2019). Technology-Based Teaching Material Development Training for Pre-Service Teachers to Improve Students’ Learning Outcomes. NOBEL: Journal of Literature and Language Teaching, 10(1), 87–102. DOI:

Fandiino, F. G. E., Muñoz, L. D., & Velandia, A. J. S. (2019). Motivation and e-learning English as a foreign language: A qualitative study. Heliyon, 5(9). DOI:

Firestone, A. R., Cruz, R. A., & Rodl, J. E. (2020). Teacher Study Groups: An Integrative Literature Synthesis. Review of Educational Research, 90(5), 675–709. DOI:

Gegenfurtner, A., Zitt, A., & Ebner, C. (2020). Evaluating webinar‐based training: a mixed methods study of trainee reactions toward digital web conferencing. International Journal of Training and Development, 24(1), 5–21. DOI:

Gultom, E. L., Simaremare, A., & Dewi, R. (2019). Developing Teaching Materials Based on Social Care Characters Based on Franciscan Spirituality With Contextual Teaching And Learning (CTL) Strategies. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal, 2(4), 204–215. DOI:

Hakim, B. (2021). Role of ICT in the process of EFL teaching and learning in an Arab context. Humanities and Social Sciences Letters, 9(1), 58–71. DOI:

Harrell, P., & Subramaniam, K. (2015). Elementary pre-service teachers’ conceptual understanding of dissolving: a Vygotskian concept development perspective. Research in Science and Technological Education, 33(3), 304–324. DOI:

Husna, A. H., & Murtini, R. T. (2019). A study on students’ motivation in learning English as English foreign language (EFL) at Stikes Cendekia Utama Kudus. Journal of English Teaching and Research, 4(2).

Iaremenko, N. V. (2017). Enhancing English Language Learners’ Motivation Through Online Games. Information Technologies and Learning Tools, 59(3), 126–133. DOI:

Irmawati, D., Widiati, U., & Cahyono, B. (2017). How Do Indonesian Professional English Teachers Develop Their Pedagogical Competence in Teaching Implementation? Arab World English Journal, 8(2), 293–307. DOI:

Iswahyudi, H. (2021). The persistent effects of COVID-19 on the economy and fiscal capacity of Indonesia. Jurnal Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan, 29(2), 113–130. DOI:

Karkouti, I. M., Abu-Shawish, R. K., & Romanowski, M. H. (2022). Teachers’ understandings of the social and professional support needed to implement change in Qatar. Heliyon, 8(1), e08818. DOI:

Kholis, N. (2019). Teacher Professionalism in Indonesia, Malaysia, and New Zealand. TARBIYA: Journal of Education in Muslim Society, 6(2), 179–196. DOI:

Khotimah, K., Widiati, U., Mustofa, M., & Faruq Ubaidillah, M. (2019). Autonomous English learning: Teachers’ and students’ perceptions. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 9(2), 371–381. DOI:

Liliawati, W., Purwanto, Zulfikar, A., & Kamal, R. N. (2018). The effectiveness of learning materials based on multiple intelligence on the understanding of global warming. Journal of Physics: Conference Series. DOI:

List, A., Brante, E. W., & Klee, H. L. (2020). A framework of pre-service teachers’ conceptions about digital literacy: Comparing the United States and Sweden. Computers and Education, 148(January), 103788. DOI:

Liu, I.-F. (2020). The impact of extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation, and social self-efficacy on English competition participation intentions of pre-college learners: Differences between high school and vocational students in Taiwan. Learning and Motivation, 72. DOI:

Liza, K., & Andriyanti, E. (2020). Digital Literacy Scale of English Pre-Service Teachers and Their Perceived Readiness toward the Application of Digital Technologies. Journal of Education and Learning (EduLearn), 14(1), 74–79. DOI:

Loo, D. B., Maidom, R., & Kitjaroonchai, N. (2019). Non-native English speaking pre-service teachers in an EFL context: examining experiences through borderland discourse. Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education, 47(4), 414–431. DOI:

Meyer-Beining, J., Vigmo, S., & Mäkitalo, Å. (2018). The Swedish grade conference: A dialogical study of face-to-face delivery of summative assessment in higher education. Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, 19(May), 134–145. DOI:

Ningrum, E. (2018). Strengthening professional competency on the ability to develop learning materials through teacher professional education. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 145. DOI:

Pariyanto, P., & Pradipta, B. (2019). Factors influencing an EFL learner’s proficiency: An English teacher’s perspective. ANAPHORA: Journal of Language, Literary and Cultural Studies, 2(2). DOI:

Ratminingsih, N. M., Mahadewi, L. P. P., & Divayana, D. G. H. (2018). ICT-Based Interactive Game in TEYL: Teachers’ Perception, Students’ Motivation, and Achievement. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning (iJET), 13(09), 190–203.

Rizqi, A. T., & Sumantri, M. (2019). Hubungan Antara Motivasi Belajar Dan Pola Asuh Orang Tua Terhadap Hasil Belajar Ipa. Jurnal Imiah Pendidikan dan Pembelajaran, 3(2), 145–154. DOI:

Saha, A., Dutta, A., & Sifat, R. I. (2021). The mental impact of digital divide due to COVID-19 pandemic induced emergency online learning at undergraduate level: Evidence from undergraduate students from Dhaka City. Journal of Affective Disorders, 294(June), 170–179. DOI:

Sari, A. I., Suryani, N., Rochsantiningsih, D., & Suharno, S. (2020). Digital Learning, Smartphone Usage, and Digital Culture in Indonesia Education. Integration of Education, 24(1), 20–31. DOI:

Satar, H. M., & Akcan, S. (2018). Pre-service EFL teachers’ online participation, interaction, and social presence. Language Learning and Technology, 22(1), 157–184.

Setiawan, M. R., & Wiedarti, P. (2020). The Effectiveness of Quizlet Application towards Students’ Motivation in Learning Vocabulary. Studies in English Language and Education, 7(1), 83–95. DOI:

Soeoed, R., Rachmawaty, N., & Huzzin As’ari, M. (2018). Evaluation on the use of animated narrative video in teaching narrative text. SHS Web of Conferences, 42, 00087. DOI:

Sulistiyo, U. (2016). English language teaching and efl teacher competence in indonesia. Igniting a brighter future of efl teaching and learning in multilingual societies, 4(2), 396–406.

Suputra, D. (2021). Teaching English Through Online Learning (A Literature Review). The Art of Teaching English as a Foreign Language, 1(2), 65–70. DOI:

Syachtiyani, W. R., & Trisnawati, N. (2021). Analisis Motivasi Belajar dan Hasil Belajar Siswa di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Prima Magistra: Jurnal Ilmiah Kependidikan, 2(1), 90–101. DOI:

Thohir, L. (2017). Motivation in a foreign language teaching and learning. Vision: Journal for Language and Foreign Language Learning, 6(1). DOI:

Tondeur, J., van Braak, J., Siddiq, F., & Scherer, R. (2016). Time for a new approach to prepare future teachers for educational technology use: Its meaning and measurement. Computers & Education, 94, 134–150. DOI:

Wallace, M. P., & Leong, E. I. (2020). Exploring language learning motivation among primary EFL learners. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 11(2). DOI:

Wene, I. W. O. A., & Muljani, R. (2020). English Teacher s ’ Performance Evaluation as a Means for Their Professional Developments. Indonesian Research Journal in Education, 4(2), 483–497. DOI:

Wulandari, A. P., & Renda, N. T. (2020). Hubungan Antara Pola Asuh Orang Tua dengan Motivasi Belajar Matematika Siswa. Mimbar Ilmu, 25(2), 90. DOI:

Yount, W. R. (2006). Research design and statistical analysis for Christian Ministry (4th ed.). Forth Worth.




How to Cite

I Ketut Armawan, & Gede Mahendrayana. (2023). Motivation and Factors Affecting Pre-Service English Teacher in Joining Webinar Session. Journal for Lesson and Learning Studies, 6(3), 487–496.