Challenges for Elementary School Teachers in Attitude Assessment During Online Learning


  • Ratna Ainun Fauzani Department of Primary Education, Graduate School, Yogyakarta State University
  • Anwar Senen Department of Primary Education, Graduate School, Yogyakarta State University
  • Heri Retnawati Department of Mathematics Education, Graduate School, Yogyakarta State University



attitude assessment, online learning, Covid-19


At this time, online learning is not an innovation but a necessity, especially with the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic at the end of 2019, which caused governments worldwide to close educational institutions to overcome the global pandemic. This study aims to explore the various challenges faced by teachers in assessing attitudes through online learning in elementary schools during Covid-19. This study used a qualitative method with a type of phenomenology. The data collection was carried out through interviews and focus group discussion (FGD) through Google Meet and WhatsApp and open questionnaires via Google Form. The technique in analyzing the data was finding specific themes and looking for the relationships between them to achieve a proper understanding. The results show that the challenges in assessing attitudes faced by the teacher included six themes, namely understanding, planning, implementing, and reflecting on attitude assessment, the condition of parents and students, and mastery of media and learning tools. These various challenges showed advices and recommendations for schools and policymakers to improve the quality in teaching practices.

Author Biographies

Ratna Ainun Fauzani, Department of Primary Education, Graduate School, Yogyakarta State University

Graduate Student of Faculty of Education (FIP) major in Primary Education at Yogyakarta State University, in Yogyakarta City, Indonesia. She finished her Bachelor's degree in Primary Education at the same University. Her research interest includes topics in teaching and learning practice in primary education.

Anwar Senen, Department of Primary Education, Graduate School, Yogyakarta State University

Currently the Department Head of Primary Education in Faculty of Education (FIP) at Yogyakarta State University, in Yogyakarta City, Indonesia. He is a professional researcher and a university educator. He has presented several of his research works at various national and international research conferences.  His academic interests include social studies and topics in primary education.

Heri Retnawati, Department of Mathematics Education, Graduate School, Yogyakarta State University

Currently a Professor at Yogyakarta State University in Yogyakarta City, Indonesia. She teaches Mathematics education and evaluation. Her research interests focus on Mathematics and evaluation topics. She has various journal works at international and national levels. She has presented several of her research works at various national and international research conferences. She is also a reviewer in REiD (Research and Evaluation in Education) Journal and involved in editorial membership in several international journals.


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