PENGARUH PENGGUNAAN ICE BREAKER TERHADAP MOTIVASI BELAJAR SISWA SEKOLAH DASAR

I Komang Arimbawa ., Drs. I Made Suarjana, M.Pd ., Dra. Ni Wayan Arini,M.Pd .

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui (1) deskripsi motivasi belajar IPS siswa yang dibelajarkan menggunakan ice breaker, (2) deskripsi motivasi belajar IPS siswa yang dibelajarkan menggunakan pembelajaran tanpa penggunaan ice breaker pada, dan (3) perbedaan motivasi belajar IPS antara siswa yang dibelajarkan dengan menggunakan ice breaker dan siswa yang dibelajarkan tanpa menggunakan ice breaker. Jenis penelitian ini yang digunakan adalah kuasi eksperimen dengan rancangan non equivalent post-test only control group design. Populasi dalam penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas V SD di Gugus IV Kecamatan Rendang, Kabupaten Karangasem tahun pelajaran 2016/2017. Sampel penelitian adalah siswa kelas V SD Negeri 3 Pempatan sebagai kelas eksperimen dan siswa kelas V SD Negeri 8 Pempatan sebagai kelas kontrol. Data motivasi belajar dikumpulkan menggunakan instrumen berupa kuesioner. Teknik analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif dan uji-t sampel independent. Berdasarkan analisis data dengan uji-t, diperoleh nilai thitung sebesar 48,18 lebih besar dari nilai ttabel sebesar 2,021 dengan taraf signifikansi 5%. Hasil Penelitian menunjukkan (1) motivasi belajar IPS siswa yang dibelajarkan menggunakan ice breaker tergolong sangat tinggi, (2) motivasi belajar yang dibelajarkan tanpa menggunakan ice breaker tergolong tinggi, dan (3) terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan motivasi belajar IPS siswa antara kelas yang dibelajarkan dengan menggunakan ice breaker dan kelas yang dibelajarkan tanpa menggunakan ice breaker. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa ice breaker berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap motivasi belajar IPS siswa kelas V di Gugus IV Kecamatan Rendang, Kabupaten Karangasem tahun pelajaran 2016/2017.
Kata Kunci : ice breaker, motivasi belajar

This study aimed to know (1) the description of social science students’ motivation which were taught using ice breaker, (2) the description of social science students’ motivation which were taught without using ice breaker, and (3) the difference of social science students motivation which were taught using ice breaker with students’ motivation which were taught without using ice breaker. The type of this study was quasi experiment in which the research design used was non equivalent post-test only control group design. The population of this study was students of grade V in the cluster IV of Rendang District, Karangasem Regency, in the academic year 2016/2017. The sample of this study was students of grade V SD Negeri 3 Pempatan as the experimental class and students of grade V SD Negeri 8 Pempatan as the control class. The data of learning motivation were gathered by using instrument in form of questionnaire. The data analysis technique used was descriptive analysis and t-test independent sample. Based on the data analysis with t-test, tcount value was 48.18 higher than ttable value 2.021 with the level of difference was 5%. The result of the study showed that (1) the motivation of social science students which were taught by using ice breaker is very high, (2) the motivation of social science students which were taught without using ice breaker is high, and (3) there was a significant difference of social science students’ motivation between the class which was taught by using ice breaker and the class which was taught without using ice breaker. This indicated that ice breaker affected significantly toward social science students’ motivation of grade V in the cluster IV of Rendang District, Karangasem Regency, in the academic year 2016/2017.
keyword : ice breaker, learning motivation

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jjpgsd.v5i2.10727

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