PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN TWO STAY TWO STRAY BERBANTUAN MEDIA VISUAL TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR IPA SISWA

I Putu Diarsa ., Drs. I Nyoman Murda,M.Pd. ., Putu Ari Dharmayanti, S.Pd.,M.Pd. .

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan yang signifikan hasil belajar IPA antara kelompok siswa yang dibelajarkan menggunakan model pembelajaran Two Stay Two Stray berbantuan media visual dan kelompok siswa yang dibelajarkan tidak menggunakan model pembelajaran Two Stay Two Stray pada siswa kelas V SD di Gugus V Kecamatan Bangli Tahun Pelajaran 2016/2017. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian semu (quasi experiment), dengan desain penelitian non-equivalent post-test only control group design. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 42 siswa, terdiri dari 20 siswa kelas V SDN 3 Pengotan sebagai kelompok eksperimen dan 22 siswa kelas V SDN 1 Landih sebagai kelompok kontrol. Pemilihan sampel menggunakan teknik random sampling. Data hasil belajar IPA dikumpulkan dengan instrumen berbentuk tes pilihan ganda. Analisis data menggunakan analisis statistik deskriptif dan analisis statistik inferensial (uji-t). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan hasil belajar IPA antara kelompok siswa yang dibelajarkan menggunakan model pembelajaran Two Stay Two Stray berbantuan media visual dan kelompok siswa yang dibelajarkan tidak menggunakan model pembelajaran Two Stay Two Stray. Perbandingan hasil perhitungan rata-rata skor hasil belajar IPA kelompok eksperimen adalah 21,9 lebih besar dari rata-rata skor hasil belajar IPA kelompok kontrol sebesar 15,45. Perbandingan hasil perhitungan rata-rata skor berdasarkan hasil uji-t, diperoleh thitung= 4,51 dengan taraf signifikan 5% diperoleh ttabel= 2,02. Dapat ditarik kesimpulan bahwa, thitung>ttabel, sehingga H0 ditolak dan H1 diterima. Adanya perbedaan yang signifikan menunjukkan bahwa pembelajaran menggunakan model pembelajaran Two Stay Two Stray berbantuan media visual berpengaruh terhadap hasil belajar siswa dibandingkan dengan pembelajaran yang tidak menggunakan model pembelajaran Two Stay Two Stray.
Kata Kunci : two stay two stray, media visual, hasil belajar IPA.

This study aimed at finding out the significant difference of Science learning outcomes between a group of students who were taught using visual media-aided Two Stay Two Stray models and a group of students who were taught not using Two Stay Two Stray learning model on fifth graders of elementary school in Gugus cluster V of Bangli Regency Academic Year 2016/2017. This research was a quasi-experiment with a non-equivalent post-test only control group design. The samples were 42 students, consisting of 20 students of Grade V of SDN 3 Pengotan as the experimental group and 22 students of Grade V of SDN 1 Landih as the control group. The sample selection was by using random sampling technique. The results of Science learning were collected with multiple choice test instruments. The data analysis used descriptive statistical analysis and inferential statistical analysis (t-test). The result showed that there was a significant difference on Science learning outcomes between the group of students who were taught using visual media-aided Two Stay Two Stray learning model and the group of students who were taught not using Two Stay Two Stray learning model. The comparison of result of mean score of Science learning score of experimental group was 21,9 bigger than average score of control group learning result by 15,45. In comparison of calculation result of average score based on the result of t-test, the obtained tobserved= 4,51 with level of significance of 5% and the obtained ttable= 2,02. It could be deduced that, tobserved>ttable, so H0 was rejected and H1 was accepted. The existence of the significant differences indicated that learning using visual media-aided Two Stay Two Stray learning model had an effect on student learning outcomes compared to learning that did not use Two Stay Two Stray learning model.
keyword : two stay two stray, visual media, Science learning outcomes.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jjpgsd.v5i2.10928

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