PENGARUH MODEL PEMBELAJARAN ROLE PLAYING TERHADAP KETERAMPILAN BERBICARA BAHASA INDONESIA SISWA KELAS V

Donnie Weda Dharmawan ., Drs. I Made Suarjana, M.Pd ., I Made Citra Wibawa, S.Pd., M.Pd. .

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan nilai keterampilan berbicara antara siswa yang belajar dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran role playing dan siswa yang belajar dengan menggunakan metode pembelajaran konvensional pada siswa kelas V di SD Gugus VI Kecamatan Buleleng tahun pelajaran 2013/2014. Jenis penelitian ini yaitu eksperimen semu dengan rancangan post test only with non equivalent control group design. Populasi dalam penelitian ini yaitu seluruh kelas V SD Gugus VI Kecamatan Buleleng, Kabupaten Buleleng yang berjumlah 184 orang. Sampel penelitian ditentukan dengan teknik simple random sampling (undian). Data keterampilan berbicara siswa dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan lembar observasi berupa rubrik penilaian. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan analisis statistik deskriptif dan statistik inferensial menggunakan uji t-polled varians. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan nilai keterampilan berbicara antara siswa yang belajar dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran role playing dan siswa yang belajar dengan metode pembelajaran konvensional (thitung = 8,19 dan ttabel = 2). Siswa yang mengikuti pembelajaran pembelajaran dengan model role playing memperoleh rata-rata nilai keterampilan berbicara yaitu = 83,80 berada pada kategori sangat baik. Sedangkan siswa yang mengikuti pembelajaran konvensional memperoleh rata-rata nilai 60,08 berada pada kategori cukup. Jadi model pembelajaran role playing berpengaruh terhadap keterampilan berbicara siswa.
Kata Kunci : role playing, keterampilan berbicara

The purpose of this research was to recognize the differences between the students that taught with role playing learning model and those that taught with conventional learning model. This research was a quasi experimental research using post test design only with non equivalent control group design. The research population was all students in grade V which belong to Elementary School Gugus VI Kecamatan Buleleng, with the total 184 students. The samples were determined by using random sampling technique. In collecting the data, the writter uses observation sheet, which had some indicators on it. The data were analysed using a descriptive statistic and inferencial statistic. The result of this research showed that there were the differences between the students taught with role playing learning model and taught with conventional model learning (tarithmetic = 8.19 ; ttable = 2). The average score of the students taught with role playing model learning is 83.80 it is considered to be excellent. Whereas those taught with conventional learning model is 60.08 it is considered to be enough category. In this research role playing model learning can be considered to be significant in developing student speak skills.
keyword : role playing, speak skill

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jjpgsd.v2i1.3113

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Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha


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