PENGARUH MODEL VAK BERBANTUAN LINGKUNGAN TERHADAP HASIL BELAJAR IPA SISWA KELAS V SD GUGUS MAS

Ni Luh Saraswati Adnyani ., Drs. Ndara Tanggu Renda ., Dra. Nyoman Kusmariyatni,S.Pd .

Abstract


Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah rendahnya hasil belajar IPA siswa kelas V di SD gugus mas yang dapat dilihat dari capaian rata-rata siswa antara 66 hingga 68 dengan KKM 70. Ketika dikonversikan ke PAP skala lima, nilai siswa tergolong cukup. Dengan demikian penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan yang signifikan pengaruh model pembelajaran VAK (Visual, Aditorial, Kinestetik) berbantuan media lingkungan dan model pembelajaran konvensional terhadap hasil belajar siswa kelas V sekolah dasar di gugus Mas Kecamatan Ubud Kabupaten Gianyar. Jenis penelitian ini adalah eksperimen semu. Populasi penelitian ini yaitu siswa kelas V sekolah dasar di gugus Mas kecamatan Ubud, kabupaten Gianyar tahun pelajaran 2013/2014, sebanyak 172 siswa. Sampel penelitiannya yaitu kelas V di SD N 1 Mas sebagai kelompok eksperimen sebanyak 42 siswa dan kelas V di SD N 6 Mas sebagai kelas kontrol sebanyak 40 siswa. Pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode (1) observasi, (2) tes, sedangkan instrumen yang digunakan adalah tes hasil belajar (tes pilihan ganda). Data yang diperoleh selanjutnya dianalisis dengan teknik deskriptif kuantitatif dan deskriptif kualitatif. Dari hasil perhitungan uji-t diperoleh thitung = 4,79 sedangkan nilai ttable = 1,980 (dengan taraf signifikan 5%). Jika dibandingkan akan terlihat bahwa thitung > ttabel (4,79 > 1,980). Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan antara siswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model pembelajaran VAK (Visual, Aditorial, Kinestetik) berbantuan media lingkungan dan siswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model pembelajaran konvensional pada siswa kelas V sekolah dasar di gugus Mas.
Kata Kunci : Hasil Belajar IPA, Lingkungan, VAK

The problem in this study is the low science learning outcomes fifth grade students in elementary school in gugus mas, that could be seen from the average performance of students between 66 to 68 with the KKM 70. If convertion to PAP skala lima, scores of student are classified as fairly. Therefore, this experiment aimed to determine significant differences influence learning model VAK (Visual, Aditorial, Kinesthetic) aided environmental media and conventional learning models to student learning outcomes in 5th grade elementary school in gugus Mas Kecamatan Ubud Kabupaten Gianyar. This research is a quasi-experiment. The population of this study is the 5th grade elementary school students in gugus Mas kecamatan Ubud, kabupaten Gianyar in the school year 2013/2014, with total students was 172. The samples of the experiment was fifth grade in SD N 1 Mas as much as the experimental group with 42 students and in the fifth grade in SD N 6 Mas as a control group with 40 students. Collected data in this study was conducted used: (1) observation, and (2) test with the instruments that used were achievement test (multiple choice test). The data then analyzed with descriptive techniques of quantitative and qualitative description. From the calculation of the t-test obtained t = 4.79, with the value of t-table = 1.980 (with significance level of 5%) . In comparison it would seem that t-count > t-table (4.79>1.980) so that it can be concluded that there are significant differences between students who learned with the learning model of VAK (Visual, Aditorial, Kinesthetic) aided the environment media and the students who learned with the conventional model of learning in the fifth grade elementary school students in the gugus Mas .
keyword : Environment, Science Learning Outcomes, VAK

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jjpgsd.v2i1.3593

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