ANALISIS DISKREPANSI PEMBELAJARAN DENGAN KURIKULUM 2013 BERDASARKAN PERMENDIKBUD NOMOR 65 TAHUN 2013 DI SD LABORATORIUM UNDIKSHA

Ni Luh Sadewi Widyani ., Drs. Ignatius I Wayan Suwatra,M.Pd ., I Wayan Widiana, S.Pd., M.Pd .

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui besarnya kesenjangan antara implementasi kurikulum 2013 di SD Laboratorium Undiksha dengan Permendikbud Nomor 65 Tahun 2013 ditinjau dari perencanaan pembelajaran, pelaksanaan pembelajaran, penilaian proses dan hasil pembelajaran, serta pengawasan proses pembelajaran. Penelitian ini termasuk penelitian evaluatif model diskrepansi (discrepancy model). Pengukuran efektivitas program dilakukan dengan membandingkan antara kondisi ideal (standar) dengan kondisi riil tentang implementasi Kurikulum 2013 di SD Laboratorium Undiksha berdasarkan Permendikbud Nomor 65 Tahun 2013. Variabel perencanaan pembelajaran serta penilaian proses dan hasil pembelajaran diukur dengan lembar studi dokumentasi, variabel pelaksanaan pembelajaran diukur dengan lembar observasi, sedangkan variabel pengawasan proses pembelajaran diukur dengan lembar kuesioner. Sampel penelitian berjumlah 4 orang pendidik di SD Laboratorium Undiksha. Data berupa skor semua variabel dianalisis dengan menggunakan prosedur uji tanda berjenjang wilcoxon, kemudian dihitung tanda beda dan besar beda dengan standar yang telah ditentukan. Hasil analisis menunjukkan bahwa besarnya kesenjangan implementasi Kurikulum 2013 di SD Laboratorium Undiksha berdasarkan Permendikbud Nomor 65 Tahun 2013 ditinjau dari perencanaan pembelajaran adalah sebesar 17,90%, pelaksanaan pembelajaran sebesar 12,11%, penilaian proses dan hasil pembelajaran sebesar 6,67%, serta pengawasan proses pembelajaran sebesar 10,95%. Kesenjangan tersebut secara umum disebabkan karena sulitnya merubah mindset warga satuan pendidikan, keterlambatan pendistribusian buku, serta tidak meratanya program pelatihan kepada pendidik.
Kata Kunci : diskrepansi, Kurikulum 2013, Permendikbud No. 65 Tahun 2013

This research aimed to determine how large the discrepancy between the ideal condition and the implementation of 2013 curriculum in teaching and learning process at SD Laboratorium Undiksha reviewed from the lesson plan, teaching learning process, assessment and learning outcomes, and the monitoring of learning process. This study was evaluative research which apply discrepancy model. Measurement of the program effectiveness was done by comparing the ideal conditions, based on Permendikbud No. 65 of 2013, with the real conditions on the implementation of 2013 Curriculum at SD Laboratorium Undiksha. Lesson plan, assessment process, and learning outcomes variable, were measured by the study documentation sheets. Meanwhile, the teaching and learning process variable was measured by observation sheets, and the monitoring of learning process variable was measured by questionnaire. Sample of the study consisted of 4 teachers of SD Laboratorium Undiksha. The scores form for all variables were analyzed using the Wilcoxon’s signed rank test. The sign difference and score difference were calculated with a predetermined standard. The result of the analysis showed that the large of discrepancy between ideal conditions (based on Permendikbud No. 65 of 2013) and the implementation of 2013 Curriculum at SD Laboratorium Undiksha in terms of lesson plan is 17,90%, teaching and learning process is 12,11%, assessment and learning outcomes is 6,67%, and the monitoring of learning process is 10,95%. The discrepancy is generally due to the difficulty in changing the mindset of most education staff, tardiness of the books’ distribution, and uneven training programs for educators.
keyword : discrepancy, Curriculum 2013, Permendikbud No. 65 of 2013

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jjpgsd.v3i1.5154

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