ANALISIS KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS SISWA KELAS V DALAM PEMBELAJARAN IPA DI SD NO. 1, 2, DAN 3 KALIUNTU GUGUS X KECAMATAN BULELENG

Dewa Ayu Indri Wijayanti ., Dr. Ketut Pudjawan,M.Pd ., I Gede Margunayasa, S.Pd., M.Pd. .

Abstract


Abstrak
Penelitian kualitatif ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa, mengetahui upaya-upaya guru dan siswa untuk pengembangan kemampuan berpikir kritis, dan mengetahui kendala-kendala yang dihadapi oleh guru dan siswa untuk pengembangan kemampuan berpikir kritis di 3 Sekolah Dasar gugus X Kecamatan Buleleng. Obyek penelitian ini adalah siswa kelas V Sekolah Dasar dan guru kelas V (actors), pembelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (activity), dan Sekolah Dasar No. 1, 2, dan 3 Kaliuntu (place). Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah tes, observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi. Data dianalisis dengan statistik deskriptif dan deskriptif persentase. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa (1) Rata-rata kemampuan berpikir kritis di Sekolah Dasar No. 1 Kaliuntu sebesar 17,95 tergolong rendah, Sekolah Dasar No. 2 Kaliuntu sebesar 17 tergolong rendah, Sekolah Dasar No. 3 Kaliuntu sebesar 9,46 tergolong sangat rendah. (2) Upaya yang dilakukan guru di setiap Sekolah Dasar tempat penelitian untuk pengembangan kemampuan berpikir kritis, yakni penerapan berbagai metode dan pendekatan pembelajaran yang berfokus pada siswa. Upaya yang dilakukan siswa di setiap Sekolah Dasar tempat penelitian adalah berani bertanya dengan teman, guru, dan orang tua atau orang yang dianggap mampu jika ada materi atau informasi yang tidak dipahami selama pembelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam. (3) Kendala yang dihadapi guru dan siswa dalam pengembangan kemampuan berpikir kritis di setiap Sekolah Dasar tempat penelitian, yakni minat dan motivasi siswa belajar Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam masih kurang dan tidak ada tindak lanjut dari orang tua siswa terhadap pengembangan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa.
Kata Kunci : penelitian kualitatif, kemampuan berpikir kritis

Abstract
Qualitative research aims to know the critical thinking ability of the students, knowing the efforts of teachers and students to develop critical thinking ability, and knowing the constraints faced by teachers and students for the development of critical thinking ability in 3 primary school cluster X Subdistrict of Buleleng. The object of this research is the grade V primary and master class V (actors), Natural Science Learning (activity), and the elementary school number 1, 2, and 3-Kaliuntu (place). Data collection techniques used are tests, observation, interviews, and documentation. Data were analyzed with descriptive statistics descriptive and percentage. The results of this study suggest that (1) the average ability of critical thinking in elementary school number 1 Kaliuntu of 17.95 belongs to low, elementary school number 2 Kaliuntu by 17 belongs to the low, elementary school number 3 Kaliuntu of 9,46 belongs to very low. (2) the efforts made the teacher in each primary school places of research for the development of critical thinking ability, i.e. the application of different methods and approaches to learning that focuses on students. Efforts are being made in every primary school student places research is dared to ask with your friends, teachers, and parents or people who are considered capable of if there is a material or information not understood during the learning of natural science. (3) the Obstacles facing teachers and students in the development of critical thinking ability in every primary school places research, i.e. the interest and motivation of students learning natural science is still lacking and no follow-up from parents of students towards the development of students ' critical thinking ability.
keyword : qualitative research, critical thinking ability

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jjpgsd.v3i1.5740

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