PENGARUH INKUIRI TERBIMBING, GAYA KOGNITIF, DAN MOTIVASI BERPRESTASI TERHADAP KETERAMPILAN PROSES SAINS SISWA KELAS V SD

I Wayan Ekayogi ., I Gede Margunayasa, S.Pd., M.Pd. ., Ni Wayan Rati, S.Pd., M.Pd. .

Abstract


Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh model pembelajaran inkuiri terbimbing, gaya kognitif, dan motivasi berprestasi terhadap keterampilan proses sains pada siswa kelas V SD di gugus III Kecamatan Tegallalang. Penelitian ini tergolong quasi experiment dengan rancangan the post-test only control group design. Populasi penelitian adalah siswa kelas V SD Negeri di Gugus III Kecamatan Tegallalang tahun pelajaran 2015/2016 yang berjumlah 123 orang. Sampel penelitian adalah siswa kelas V SDN 1 Sebatu, SDN 3 Sebatu, dan SDN 5 Sebatu yang dipilih dengan teknik simple random sampling. Instrumen penelitian adalah tes gaya kognitif (MFFT), tes keterampilan proses sains dan kuesioner motivasi berprestasi. Data dianalisis menggunakan statistik deskriptif, ANAKOVA dua jalur dan korelasi product moment. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan (1) terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan keterampilan proses sains antara kelompok siswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model pembelajaran inkuiri terbimbing dan kelompok siswa yang dibelajarkan dengan model pembelajaran konvensional setelah mengontrol motivasi berprestasi (Fhitung = 54,714 dengan sig. = 0,000). (2) terdapat perbedaan yang signifikan keterampilan proses sains antara kelompok siswa yang memiliki gaya kognitif reflektif dan kelompok siswa yang memiliki gaya kognitif impulsif setelah mengontrol motivasi berprestasi (Fhitung = 70,349 dengan sig. = 0,000). (3) terdapat interaksi yang signifikan antara model pembelajaran inkuiri terbimbing dan gaya kognitif siswa terhadap keterampilan proses sains setelah mengontrol motivasi berprestasi (Fhitung = 4,400 dengan sig. = 0,039). (4) terdapat korelasi yang signifikan antara motivasi berprestasi dengan keterampilan proses sains (rhitung = 0,427 dengan sig. = 0,000).
Kata Kunci : inkuiri terbimbing, gaya kognitif, keterampilan proses sains, motivasi berprestasi

This research aimed to determine the effect of guided inquiry learning model, cognitive style, and achievement motivation on science process skills in fifth grade elementary school in cluster III Tegallalang District . This research is classified as quasi experiment with the design of the post-test only control group design. The population of the research is a fifth grade students in Cluster III Elementary School Tegallalang District 2015/2016 school year totaling 123 people. Samples were students of fifth grade elementary school No 1 Sebatu, elementary school No 3 Sebatu and elementary school No 5 Sebatu selected by simple random sampling technique. The research instrument was a test of cognitive style (MFFT), test science process skills and achievement motivation questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Anacova two lanes and the product moment correlation. The results showed (1) there are significant differences between the groups science process skills of students that learned with guided inquiry learning model and student groups that learned with conventional learning models after controlling for achievement motivation (Fcount = 54,714 with sig. = 0,000). (2) there are significant differences between the groups science process skills of students who have cognitive style reflective and groups of students who have cognitive style after controlling impulsive achievement motivation (Fcount = 70,349 with sig. = 0,000). (3) there is a significant interaction between guided inquiry learning model and cognitive styles of students to the science process skills after controlling for achievement motivation (Fcount = 4,400 with sig. = 0,039). (4) there is a significant correlation between achievement motivation and science process skills (rcount = 0,427 with sig. = 0.000).
keyword : guided inquiry, cognitive style, science process skills, achievement motivation

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jjpgsd.v4i1.6944

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