Task-Based Training Materials For Ecotourism

Nyoman Miangtari, Dewa Komang Tantra, Ni Made Ratminingsih


This study aimed at developing training materials for ecotourism at Sambangan village.This research was a research and development using modified Borg and Gall design (2003). There were some steps conducted in order to develop the training materials namely; need analysis, design first draft, expert judgment, revision I, field test, revision II, and final product. There were four instruments applied to obtain the research data, observation, document study, questionnaire, and interview guide. The findings were described descriptively. The results of this study found that (i) the tour guides needed tasks-based training materials that could improve their speaking skill, (ii) developed training materials based on tasks of the members of kelompok sadar wisata had been evaluated as excellent materials, (iii) The developed training materials was readable, implementable, and measurable


ecotourism; training materials; tasks

Full Text:



Ballantyne, R., & Hughes, K. 2001. Interpretation in ecotourism settings: Investigating tour guides’ perception of their role, responsibilities and training needs. The Journal of Tourism Studies, 12(2), 2-9.

Berns, R.G., & Erickson, P.M. 2001. Contextual Teaching and Learning: Preparing Students for the New Economy. Retrieved from http://www.cord.org/uploadedfiles/NCCTE_Highlight05-ContextualTeaching Learning.pdf

Borg, W, R., & Gall, M, D. 2003.Educational Research.(7rd).New York:Longman

Candiasa, I. M. 2010.Pengujian Instrumen Penelitian Disertai Aplikasi. Singaraja: Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha.

Cercone, K. 2008. Characteristics of adult learners with implications foronline learning design, AACE Journal, 16(2), 137-159.

Cooper, N. 1999.Tourism: Principles and Practice. Pearson Education Limited. England

Ellis, R. 2006. The Methodology of Task-Based teaching. Asian EFL Journal, 8(3), 46-68.

Eplerwood, W. 1999.EkonomiPariwisata. PT. GramediaPustakaUtama.Jakarta.

Frey, B.A., &Alman, S.W. 2003. Applying adult learning theory to the online classroom. New Horizons in Adult Education, 17(1), 4-12.

Harsono, Y. M. 2007. Developing learning materials for specific purposes.TEFLIN Journal, 18(2), 169-179.

Hutchinson, T. & Waters, A. 1987.English for Specific Purposes: A Learning Centred Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Listiari, I, G. 2016.Practical Bilingual Vocabulary for POKDARWIS TunjungMekarSambangan.Unpublished Thesis. Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha

O’Brien, T., & Ham, H, S. 2012.Toward Professionalism in Tour Guiding - A Manual for Trainers.University of Idaho: United States Agency

Ramendra,D.,P & Ratminingsih, N.,M. 2007. Pemanfaatan audio visual aids (AVA) dalam proses belajar mengajar mata pelajaran bahasa inggris di sekolah dasar. JurnalPenelitiandanPengembanganPendidikan, 1(2),78-95.

Sadtono, E. 1997.ELT Development in Indonesia: a Smorgasbord. In Sadtono, E. (Ed.), The Development of TEFL in Indonesia . The English Department of IKIP Malang in collaboration with BinaBudaya Foundation. IKIP Malang.

Saputri, T.,S.,W. 2013. Developing Learning English Module for Mount Merapi Lava Tour Guides InDesaWisataKembang Arum DonokertoTuriSleman. Yogyakarta State University

Simion, M. O. 2012. The Importance of teaching english in the field of tourism inuniversities. Academic Brancusi, 2(12), 152-154.

Tomlinson, B. 1998.Materials Development in Language Teaching. Cambridge University Press

Undang-Undang No. 10 Year 2009 about Tourism Industry

Wynne, R. 2012. Characteristics of Adult Learners. Lerner Centered Methodologies, Retrieved from http://www.assetproject.info/learner_methodologies/before/ characteristics. html

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jpi-undiksha.v6i2.10967

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 414 times
PDF file view : 448 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2017 JPI (Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia)

Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia (JPI) is published by:



Jl. Udayana, Kampus Tengah, Singaraja-Bali
Kode Pos 81116
Telp. 0362-22928
Homepage: https://lppm.undiksha.ac.id
Email: jpi_journal@undiksha.ac.id

Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia (JPI) is indexed by:

Akreditasi SINTA 2   Crossref JPI  Index Copernicus JPI JPI Undiksha OneSearch   Microsoft Academic JPI  JPI indexing by Asean Citaion Index 

Creative Commons License

Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.