The Effectiveness of the Inquiry Learning Model on Basic Science Learning Materials on Problem Solving and Critical Thinking Skills

Authors

  • Ni Made Pujani Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23887/jpp.v55i1.44722

Keywords:

Basic Science, , Inquir, Problem Solving, Critical Thinking

Abstract

Science has an important role because students can get to know the surrounding environment and all its contents. Therefore science learning needs to be presented with a good and relevant learning model that can support the development of science and technology. One suitable learning model is inquiry-based science learning, it can provide problem-based learning that can train students to solve problems. This research study was aimed to improve problem-solving and critical thinking skills for science prospective teachers. The study was carried out by implementing a Basic Science learning tools based on an inquiry model for the first semester students of the Department of Science Education Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha. The research employed a one-group pretest-posttest design. The results of the study showed that the inquiry learning model is effective for improving the quality of problem-solving skills and effective for improving the quality of critical thinking skills for science prospective teachers.

Author Biography

Ni Made Pujani, Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, Indonesia

Science Education Department

References

Adeyemi, M. B., Moumakwa, T. ., & Adeyemi, D. . (2009). Teaching character education across the curriculum and the role of stakeholders at the junior secondary level in botswana. Stud Home Comm Sci, 3(2), 97–105. https://doi.org/10.1080/09737189.2009.11885283.

Amijaya, L. S., Ramdani, A., & Merta, I. W. (2018). Pengaruh model pembelajaran inkuiri terbimbing terhadap hasil belajar dan kemampuan berpikir kritis peserta didik. JPM: Jurnal Pijar MIPA, 13(2), 94–99. https://doi.org/10.29303/jpm.v13i2.468.

Batlolona, J., Baskar, C., Kurnaz, M., & Leasa, M. (2018). The improvement of problem-solving skills and physics concept mastery on temperature and heat topic. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 7(3), 273–279. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v7i3.12432.

Cheng, K., Thacker, B., & Cardenas, R. (2004). Using online homework system enhances students’ learning of physics concepts in an introductory physics course. American Journal of Physics, 72(11), 1447–1453. https://doi.org/10.1119/1.1768555.

Chowdhury, M. (2016). Emphasizing morals, values, ethics, and character education in science education and science teaching. MOJES: The Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Science, 4(2), 1–16. https://juku.um.edu.my/index.php/MOJES/article/download/12645/8136.

Creswell, J. (2008). Research design, qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches (third ed.). In California: Sage Publication. Sage Publication.

Çubukçu, Z. (2012). The effect of hidden curriculum on character education process of primary school students. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 12(2), 1526–1534. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ987859.

Duran, M., & Dökme, İ. (2016). The effect of the inquiry-based learning approach on student’s critical-thinking skills. Eurasia Journal Of Mathematics Science And Technology Education (Journal Indexed in SSCI), 12(12), 2887–2908. https://doi.org/10.12973/eurasia.2016.02311a.

Hartati, M., & Hariyono, E. (2020). Efektifitas pembelajaran fisika terintegrasi dengan aksi iklim pada prinsip SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) dalam meningkatkan karakter peduli lingkungan. IPF: Inovasi Pendidikan Fisika, 9(3). https://doi.org/10.26740/ipf.v9n3.p%25p.

Hendikawati, P., Zahid, M. Z., & Arifudin, R. (2019). Keefektifitan media pembelajaran berbasis android terhadap kemampuan pemecahan masalah dan kemandirian belajar. PRISMA, Prosiding Seminar Nasional Matematika, 917–927. https://journal.unnes.ac.id/sju/index.php/prisma/article/view/29308.

Hidayat, Z., Ratnawulan, & Gusnedi. (2019). Analysis of learning media in developing science textbooks with theme energy in life using integrated model for integrated 21st century learning. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1185(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1185/1/012070.

Karamustafaoğlu, S., & Havuz, A. C. (2016). Inquiry based learning and its effectiveness. International. Journal of Assessment Tools in Education, 3(1), 40–54. https://dergipark.org.tr/en/pub/ijate/issue/22371/239553.

Kelana, J. B., Wardani, D. S., & Wulandari, M. A. (2021). Learning methods and critical thinking ability on science learning outcomes. Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar, 5(1), 69–76. https://doi.org/10.23887/jisd.v5i1.29940.

Kusumaningrum, D. (2018). Literasi lingkungan dalam kurikulum 2013 dan pembelajaran IPA di SD. Indonesian Journal of Natural Science Education (IJNSE), 1(2), 57–64. https://doi.org/10.31002/nse.v1i2.255.

Lieung, K. W. (2019). Pengaruh model discovery learning terhadap keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa sekolah dasar. Musamus Journal of Primary Education, 1(2), 073–082. https://doi.org/10.35724/musjpe.v1i2.1465.

Lusidawaty, V., Fitria, Y., Miaz, Y., & Zikri, A. (2020). Pembelajaran IPA dengan strategi pembelajaran inkuiri untuk meningkatkan keterampilan proses sains dan motivasi belajar siswa di sekolah dasar. Jurnal Basicedu, 4(1), 168–174. https://doi.org/10.31004/basicedu.v4i1.333.

Maknun, J. (2020). Implementation of guided inquiry learning model to improve understanding physics concepts and critical thinking skill of vocational high school students. ERIC: International Education Studies, 13(6), 117–130. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1256165.

Mardhiyah, R. H., Aldriani, S. N., Chitta, F., & Zulfikar, M. R. (2021). Pentingnya keterampilan belajar di abad 21 sebagai tuntutan dalam pengembangan sumber daya manusia. Lectura: Jurnal Pendidikan, 12(1), 29–40. https://doi.org/10.31849/lectura.v12i1.5813.

Mutlu, A. (2020). Evaluation of students’ scientific process skills through reflective worksheets in the inquiry-based learning environments. Reflective Practice, 21(2), 271–286. https://doi.org/10.1080/14623943.2020.1736999.

Narut, Y. F., & Supardi, K. (2019). Literasi sains peserta didik dalam pembelajaran IPA di Indonesia. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Dasar, 3(1), 61–69. http://jurnal.unikastpaulus.ac.id/index.php/jipd/article/view/214 .

Nova., M. (2017). Character Education In Indonesia EFL Classroom Implementation and Obstacles. Jurnal Pendidikan Karakter, 7(2). https://doi.org/10.21831/jpk.v7i2.13650.

Ntemngwa, C., & Oliver, S. (2018). The implementation of integrated Science Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) instruction using robotics in the middle school science classroom. International Journal of Education in Mathematics, Science and Technology (IJEMST), 6(1), 12–40. https://doi.org/10.18404/ijemst.380617.

Nugrahini, Y. (2021). The effect of using internet-based project work toward students’ vocabulary mastery. EDULINK (Education and Linguistics Knowledge Journal), 3(22), 128–145. https://doi.org/10.32503/edulink.v3i2.1704.

Ong, E. T., Luo, X., Yuan, J., & Yingprayoon, J. (2020). The effectiveness of a professional development program on the use of STEM-based 5E inquiry learning model for science teachers in China. Science Education International, 31(2), 179–184. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1257785.

Pérez-Sánchez, M., Díaz-Madroñero, F. M., Mula, J., & Sanchis, R. (2020). The effectiveness of a professional development program on the use of STEM-based 5E inquiry learning model for science teachers in China. Science Education International, 31(2), 179–184. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1257785.

Pike, M. A., Hart, P., Paul, S. A. S., Lickona, T., & Clarke, P. (2020). Character Development through The Curriculum: Teaching and Assessing The Understanding and Practice of Virtue. Journal of Curriculum Studies, 1–18. https://doi.org/10.1080/00220272.2020.1755996.

Pol, J., Harskamp, E. G., Suhre, C. J., & Goedhart, M. J. (2008). The effect of hints and model answers in a student-controlled problem-solving program for secondary physics education. Journal Science Education Technology, 17(4), 410–425. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10956-008-9110-x.

Prastiwi, M. D., & Nurita, T. (2018). Kemampuan pemecahan masalah pada siswa kelas VII SMP. Pensa: E-Jurnal Pendidikan Sains, 6(2), 98–103. https://ejournal.unesa.ac.id/index.php/pensa/article/view/23289.

Prayogi, S., Yuanita, L., & Wasis. (2018). Critical inquiry based learning: A model of learning to promote critical thinking among prospective teachers of physic. Journal of Turkish Science Education, 15(1), 43–56. https://www.tused.org/index.php/tused/article/view/148.

Rajendra, I. M., & Sudana, I. M. (2017). The Influence of Interactive Multimedia Technology to Enhance Achievement Students on Practice Skills in Mechanical Technology. Journal of Physics, 953, 1–5. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/953/1/012104.

Retnowati, T. H., Mardapi, D., Kartowagiran, B., & Suranto, S. (2017). Model Evaluasi Kinerja Dosen: Pengembangan Instrumen Untuk Mengevaluasi Kinerja Dosen. Jurnal Penelitian Dan Evaluasi Pendidikan, 21(2), 206–2014. https://doi.org/10.21831/pep.v21i2.16626.

Sadia, I. W. (2008). Model pembelajaran yang efektif untuk meningkatkan keterampilan berpikir kritis. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pengajaran Undiksha, 41(2), 219–237. https://scholar.google.co.id/citations?view_op=view_citation&hl=en&user=MevkmfYAAAAJ&citation_for_view=MevkmfYAAAAJ:u5HHmVD_uO8C.

Smetana, L. K., & Bell, R. L. (2012). Computer simulations to support science instruction and learning: A critical review of the literature. International Journal of Science Education, 34(9), 1337–1370. https://doi.org/10.1080/09500693.2011.605182.

Sumarli Nugroho, S. E., & Yulianti, I. (2018). Keefektifan model pembelajaran creative problem solving berpendekatan inquiry terhadap keterampilan proses sains siswa. Physics Communication, 2(1), 63–69. https://doi.org/10.15294/physcomm.v2i1.11540.

Suryanti, Arifin, I. S., & Baginda, U. (2018). The application of inquiry learning to train critical thinking skills on light material of primary school students. IOPScience: Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 11(8), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1108/1/012128.

Tarnip, B., Wahyuni, I., & Tanjung, Y. I. (2016). The effect of inquiry training learning model based on just in time teaching for problem solving skill. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(15), 177–181. https://eric.ed.gov/?id=EJ1103095.

Taştan, S. B., Mehdi, S., Davoudi, M., Masalimova, A. R., Bersanov, A. S., Kurbanov, R. A., Boiarchuk, A. V, & Pavlushin, A. A. (2018). The Impacts of Teacher’s Efficacy and Motivation on Student’s Academic Achievement in Science Education among Secondary and High School Students. EURASIA Journal of Mathematics Science and Technology Education, 14(6), 2353–2366. https://doi.org/10.29333/ejmste/89579.

Wartono, Hudha, M. N., & Batlolona, J. R. (2018). How are the physics critical thinking skills of the students taught by using inquiry-discovery through empirical and theorethical overview? MODESTUM: EURASIA J Math Sci Tech Ed, 14(2), 691–697. https://doi.org/10.12973/ejmste/80632.

Widowati, A., Nurohman, S., & Anjarsari. (2017). Developing science learning material with authentic inquiry learning to improve problem solving and scientific attitude. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 6(1), 32–40. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v6i1.4851.

Downloads

Published

2022-04-20

Issue

Section

Articles