Readiness of Internships Program During The Covid-19 Pandemic: Students, School, and Industry Perspective
Keywords:Readiness, Internship, Motorcycle Engineering
The COVID-19 pandemic has made learning at school unable to be carried out face-to-face; this condition has a worse effect on vocational education, which cannot carry out practical learning to prepare students that must carry out internships in industry. This study explores the student readiness level in carrying out internship programs during the pandemic and the other perspective from school and industry. This article focused from the point of view on the results of a mix-method online survey among 160 internship students. Teachers and industry practitioners were also interviewed to corroborate the results of the readiness research. The results show that 4.04% of students had a low level of readiness, 60.18% had a moderate level of readiness, 24.98% had a high level of readiness, and only 10.80% had a very high level of readiness. The school is responsible for preparing their student competence before sending them to the internship program in the industry, even in crises, because the industry is already prepared for exceptional cases like the pandemic. Industry advises schools to prepare students on the competence of motorcycle periodical maintenance. Schools with industry must have special programs planning to prepare students' competence for crises.
Abbasi, S., Ayoob, T., Malik, A., & Memon, S. I. (2020). Perceptions of students regarding e-learning during covid-19 at a private medical college. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences, 36(COVID-19-S4), S57–S61. https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.COVID19-S4.2766. DOI: https://doi.org/10.12669/pjms.36.COVID19-S4.2766
Abidah, A., Hidaayatullaah, H. N., Simamora, R. M., Fehabutar, D., & Mutakinati, L. (2020). The Impact of Covid-19 to Indonesian Education and Its Relation to the Philosophy of “Merdeka Belajar.” Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, 1(1), 38–49. https://doi.org/10.46627/sipose.v1i1.9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.46627/sipose.v1i1.9
Adedoyin, O. B., & Soykan, E. (2020). Covid-19 pandemic and online learning: the challenges and opportunities. Interactive Learning Environments, 0(0), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.1080/10494820.2020.1813180. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10494820.2020.1813180
Allen, J., Rowan, L., & Singh, P. (2020). Teaching and teacher education in the time of COVID-19. Asia-Pacific Journal of Teacher Education, 48(3), 233–236. https://doi.org/10.1080/1359866X.2020.1752051. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/1359866X.2020.1752051
Alvarez, A. (2020). The phenomenon of learning at a distance through emergency remote teaching amidst the pandemic crisis. Asian Journal of Distance Education, 15(1), 144–153. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3881529.
Amin, M., Muin Sibuea, A., & Mustaqim, B. (2022). The Effectiveness of Online Learning Using E-Learning During Pandemic Covid-19. Journal of Education Technology, 6(2), 247–257.
Amin, M., & Mustaqim, B. (2021). Vocational Teachers Readiness in Integration The Principles of Industrial Revolution 4 . 0 into The Learning Process. Elinvo (Electronics, Informatics, and Vocational Education), 6(2), 106–119. https://doi.org/10.21831/elinvo.v6i1.44210 Vocational. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/elinvo.v6i2.44210
Andersson, P., & Köpsén, S. (2018). Maintaining Competence in the Initial Occupation: Activities among Vocational Teachers. Vocations and Learning, 11(2), 317–344. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12186-017-9192-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12186-017-9192-9
Antara, I. G. W. S., & Dewantara, K. A. K. (2022). E-Scrapbook: The Needs of HOTS Oriented Digital Learning Media in Elementary Schools. Journal for Lesson and Learning Studies, 5(1), 71–76. https://doi.org/10.23887/jlls.v5i1.48533. DOI: https://doi.org/10.23887/jlls.v5i1.48533
Arfandi, A., & Sampebua, O. (2016). Kesiapan Pelaksanaan Praktik Kerja Industri Program Studi Keahlian Teknik Bangunan Di Kota Makassar. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, 1(1), 80–87. https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v1i1.8377. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v1i1.8377
Arikunto, S. (2018). Evaluasi Program Pendidikan_Suharsimi_Arikunto.pdf (Second). Bumi Aksara.
Avidov-Ungar, O., Shamir-Inbal, T., & Blau, I. (2022). Typology of digital leadership roles tasked with integrating new technologies into teaching: Insights from metaphor analysis. Journal of Research on Technology in Education, 54(1), 92–107. https://doi.org/10.1080/15391523.2020.1809035. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15391523.2020.1809035
Baharuddin, M. R. (2021). Adaptasi Kurikulum Merdeka Belajar Kampus Merdeka (Fokus: Model MBKM Program Studi). Jurnal Studi Guru Dan Pembelajaran, 4(1), 195–205. https://doi.org/10.30605/jsgp.4.1.2021.591. DOI: https://doi.org/10.30605/jsgp.4.1.2021.591
Beagon, U., Kövesi, K., Tabas, B., Nørgaard, B., Lehtinen, R., Bowe, B., Gillet, C., & Spliid, C. M. (2022). Preparing engineering students for the challenges of the SDGs: what competences are required? European Journal of Engineering Education, 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043797.2022.2033955. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03043797.2022.2033955
Boelt, A. M., Kolmos, A., & Holgaard, J. E. (2022). Literature review of students' perceptions of generic competence development in problem-based learning in engineering education. European Journal of Engineering Education, May, 1–22. https://doi.org/10.1080/03043797.2022.2074819. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03043797.2022.2074819
Carrillo, C., & Flores, M. A. (2020). COVID-19 and teacher education: a literature review of online teaching and learning practices. European Journal of Teacher Education, 43(4), 466–487. https://doi.org/10.1080/02619768.2020.1821184. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02619768.2020.1821184
Ceelen, L., Khaled, A., Nieuwenhuis, L., & de Bruijn, E. (2021). Pedagogic practices in the context of students' workplace learning: a literature review. Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 00(00), 1–33. https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2021.1973544. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2021.1973544
Favale, T., Soro, F., Trevisan, M., Drago, I., & Mellia, M. (2020). Campus traffic and e-Learning during COVID-19 pandemic. Computer Networks, 176(May). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comnet.2020.107290. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.comnet.2020.107290
Fernando, F., Patrizia, G., & Tiziana, G. (2020). Online Learning and Emergency Remote Teaching : Opportunities and Challenges in Emergency Situations. Societies, 1–18.
Frei-Landau, R., & Avidov-Ungar, O. (2022). Educational equity amidst COVID-19: Exploring the online learning challenges of Bedouin and Jewish Female Preservice Teachers in Israel. Teaching and Teacher Education, 111. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2021.103623. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2021.103623
Friedrich, A. (2021). Task composition and vocational education and training–a firm level perspective. Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 00(00), 1–24. https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2021.1956999. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2021.1956999
Goller, M., Harteis, C., Gijbels, D., & Donche, V. (2020). Engineering students' learning during internships: Exploring the explanatory power of the job demands-control-support model. Journal of Engineering Education, 109(2), 307–324. https://doi.org/10.1002/jee.20308. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/jee.20308
Hermawan, R. (2022). School Readiness in Online Learning : Impact Implementation of Education Policy. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pengajaran, 55(4), 398–405. https://doi.org/10.23887/jpp.v5i2.44377.
Hordern, J., Shalem, Y., Esmond, B., & Bishop, D. (2022). Editorial for JVET special issue on knowledge and expertise. Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 74(1), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2022.2028365. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2022.2028365
Iriani, D. S., & Soeharto, S. (2015). Evaluasi Pelaksanaan Praktik Kerja Industri Siswa Kompetensi Keahlian Jasa Boga SMK N 3 Purworejo. Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Dan Kejuruan, 22(3), 274. https://doi.org/10.21831/jptk.v22i3.6835. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/jptk.v22i3.6835
Klusmann, B., Trippenzee, M., Fokkens-Bruinsma, M., Sanderman, R., & Schroevers, M. J. (2022). Providing emergency remote teaching: What are teachers' needs and what could have helped them to deal with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic? In Teaching and Teacher Education (Vol. 118). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2022.103815. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2022.103815
Komariah, K., Lastariwati, B., Hamidah, S., Palupi, S., Mahfud, T., & Musa, E. I. O. (2022). Evaluation of Students Performance in The Japanese Apprenticeship Program. Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Dan Kejuruan, 28(1), 22–31. https://doi.org/10.21831/jptk.v28i1.48202. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/jptk.v28i1.48202
Mardesci, H. (2021). The Effect of Online Learning on Students Learning Motivation. IJPSE : Indonesian Journal of Primary Science Education, 2(1), 11–18. https://doi.org/10.33752/ijpse.v2i1.2063. DOI: https://doi.org/10.33752/ijpse.v2i1.2063
Mårtensson, Å. (2020). Creating continuity between school and workplace: VET teachers' in-school work to overcome boundaries. Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 00(00), 1–19. https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2020.1829009. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2020.1829009
Mohsin, S. F., Shah, S. A., Agwan, M. A. S., Ali, S., Alsuwaydani, Z. A., & Alsuwaydani, S. A. (2022). Effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on dental interns in Saudi Arabia. Work, 71(4), 825–831. https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-205377. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-205377
Mustaqim, B., Amin, M., & Sibuea, A. M. (2022). Effectiveness of the Use E-Learning: Course on Research Methodology Student of Electrical Engineering Education. Research in Technical and Vocational Education and Training, 1(1), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.55585/rintvet.v1i1.3. DOI: https://doi.org/10.55585/rintvet.v1i1.3
Nash, M., & Churchill, B. (2020). Caring during COVID-19: A gendered analysis of Australian university responses to managing remote working and caring responsibilities. Gender, Work and Organization, 27(5), 833–846. https://doi.org/10.1111/gwao.12484. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/gwao.12484
Nuci, K. P., Tahir, R., Wang, A. I., & Imran, A. S. (2021). Game-Based Digital Quiz as a Tool for Improving Students' Engagement and Learning in Online Lectures. IEEE Access, 9, 91220–91234. https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3088583. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3088583
Ouyang, F., Hu, Y., Zhang, Y., Guo, Y., & Yang, Y. (2021). In-service teachers' knowledge building during face-to-face collaborative learning. Teaching and Teacher Education, 107, 103479. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2021.103479. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2021.103479
Pradipta, B. Q., Hirawan, F. B., & Ragamustari, S. K. (2021). Evaluation of policy in the vocational education system revitalization in Indonesia: Examining the teaching factory readiness of the industry. Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi, 11(1), 68–77. https://doi.org/10.21831/jpv.v11i1.37693. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/jpv.v11i1.37693
Pradita, K. K., Mahadewi, L. P. P., & Sukmana, A. I. W. I. Y. (2022). Konten E-Learning dalam Pembelajaran Bahasa Bali pada Era Revolusi Industri 4.0. Indonesian Journal of Instruction, 3(1), 25–33. https://doi.org/10.23887/iji.v3i1.31134. DOI: https://doi.org/10.23887/iji.v3i1.31134
Priambodo, A., & Arifin, Z. (2019). Interactive Animation Based Learning Media on Starter System Materials for Vocational Students. Jurnal Pendidikan Teknologi Dan Kejuruan, 25(2), 187–193. https://doi.org/10.21831/jptk.v25i2.20026. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/jptk.v25i2.20026
Rojabi, A. R. (2020). Exploring EFL Students' Perception of Online Learning via Microsoft Teams: University Level in Indonesia. English Language Teaching Educational Journal, 3(2), 163. https://doi.org/10.12928/eltej.v3i2.2349. DOI: https://doi.org/10.12928/eltej.v3i2.2349
Rosyidah, R., Widiati, U., Sutrisno, A. A., Fauzi, A., Subagyo, K. P., & Nurhidayati, N. (2020). Job satisfaction and performance: A survey study on internship students of Universitas Negeri Malang. Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi, 10(1), 93–102. https://doi.org/10.21831/jpv.v10i1.29874. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21831/jpv.v10i1.29874
Ruoranen, M., Antikainen, T., & Eteläpelto, A. (2017). Surgical learning and guidance on operative risks and potential errors. Journal of Workplace Learning, 29(5), 326–342. https://doi.org/10.1108/JWL-12-2016-0104. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/JWL-12-2016-0104
Rupp, D., & Becker, E. S. (2021). Situational fluctuations in student teachers' self-efficacy and its relation to perceived teaching experiences and cooperating teachers' discourse elements during the teaching practicum. Teaching and Teacher Education, 99, 103252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2020.103252. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2020.103252
Sakarinto, W. (2020). Rencana Strategis Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Vokasi Tahun 2020-2024. Direktorat Jenderal Pendidikan Vokasi, 141.
Siddique, S., Ahsan, A., Azizi, N., & Haass, O. (2022). Students' Workplace Readiness: Assessment and Skill-Building for Graduate Employability. Sustainability (Switzerland), 14(3), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.3390/su14031749. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su14031749
Slameto. (2015). Belajar Dan Faktor-faktor Yang Mempengaruhinya. Jakarta: Rineke Cipta. In Rineka Cipta (Vol. 53, Issue 9). Rineka Cipta.
Stam, T., & Keskiner, E. (2020). The (un)making of Dutch' care girls': An ethnographic study on aspirations, internship experiences and labour market perspectives. Journal of Vocational Education and Training. https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2020.1834437. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2020.1834437
Stang-Rabrig, J., Brüggemann, T., Lorenz, R., & McElvany, N. (2022). Teachers' occupational well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic: The role of resources and demands. Teaching and Teacher Education, 117, 103803. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2022.103803. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2022.103803
Struyven, K., & De Meyst, M. (2010). Competence-based teacher education: Illusion or reality? An assessment of the implementation status in Flanders from teachers' and students' points of view. Teaching and Teacher Education. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2010.05.006. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2010.05.006
Sutiman, S., Sofyan, H., Arifin, Z., Nurtanto, M., & Mutohhari, F. (2022). Industry and Education Practitioners' Perceptions Regarding the Implementation of Work-Based Learning through Industrial Internship (WBL-II). International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 12(10), 1090–1097. https://doi.org/10.18178/ijiet.2022.12.10.1725. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18178/ijiet.2022.12.10.1725
Thaitami, S. H., & Maksum, H. (2020). Development of Web-Based Learning Media in Western Bridal Makeup Course at Make-Up and Beauty Education Department. Journal of Education Technology, 4(3), 264–272. DOI: https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v4i3.27895
Utami, Y. G. ., & Hudaniah. (2013). Self Efficacy Dengan Kesiapan Kerja Siswa Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan. Jurnal Ilmiah Psikologi Terapan, 01(1), 40–52.
van der Baan, N., Gast, I., Gijselaers, W., & Beausaert, S. (2022). Coaching to prepare students for their school-to-work transition: conceptualizing core coaching competences. Education and Training, 64(3), 398–415. https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-11-2020-0341. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/ET-11-2020-0341
Wakhidah, N., Erman, E., Widyaningrum, A., & Aini, V. N. (2021). Reflection Online Learning During Pandemic and New Normal: Barriers, Readiness, Solutions, and Teacher Innovation. JPI (Jurnal Pendidikan Indonesia), 10(3), 464. https://doi.org/10.23887/jpi-undiksha.v10i3.31093. DOI: https://doi.org/10.23887/jpi-undiksha.v10i3.31093
Wisada, P. D., Sudarma, I. K., & Yuda S, A. I. W. I. (2019). Pengembangan Media Video Pembelajaran Berorientasi Pendidikan Karakter. Journal of Education Technology, 3(3), 140. https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v3i3.21735. DOI: https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v3i3.21735
Wyszynska Johansson, M. (2020). Expanding learner readiness of young Swedish security officers-to-be in upper secondary school. Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 72(4), 555–574. https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2019.1680570. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13636820.2019.1680570
Yan, L., Whitelock-Wainwright, A., Guan, Q., Wen, G., Gašević, D., & Chen, G. (2021). Students' experience of online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic: A province-wide survey study. British Journal of Educational Technology, 52(5), 2038–2057. https://doi.org/10.1111/bjet.13102. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjet.13102
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Shodiq, Sutiman
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.Authors who publish with Jurnal Pendidikan dan Pengajaran agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. (See The Effect of Open Access)