Strategies Implemented in Teaching English for Young Learners in Primary School

Ni Luh Putu Titin Wulandari, Ni Made Ratminingsih, Dewa Putu Ramendra


Teaching English to young learners is not an easy task. Teacher needs to use appropriate learning strategies so the students are engaged and motivated in teaching and learning process. The current study aimed at identifying the teaching English strategies used by fifth grade English teacher and the problems encountered by teacher in teaching English for young learner. This study was a descriptive qualitative research and conducted in SD Suta Dharma Denpasar Bali. In collecting the data, classroom observation and interview were conducted. The result showed that there were eight strategies applied by teacher in teaching English. They are; listen and repeat, listen and do, question and answer, in-pair, cooperative learning, and games. Furthermore, the problems experienced by teacher were lack of media of teaching English and lack of knowledge of strategy in TEYL. The problems occurred because the teacher has a limited knowledge on how to teach English for young learners and the lack of resources of teaching media available in school.


Teaching Strategy; Young Learners; Primary School

Full Text:



Aminatun, D., Ngadiso, & Marmanto, S. (2018). Applying PLEASE Strategy to Teach Writing Skill to Students with Different Linguistic Intelligences. TEKNOSASTIK, 16(1), 34–40.

Bozorgian, H., & Kanan, S. M. (2017). Task Repetition on Accuracy and Fluency: EFL Learners ’ Speaking. International Journal of English Language and Literature Studies, 6(2), 42–53.

Cahyati, P., & Madya, S. (2019). Teaching English in Primary Schools : Benefits and Challenges. Rd International Conference on Current Issues in Education, 395–400.

Copland, F., Garton, S., & Burns, A. (2014). Challenges in Teaching English to Young Learners : Global Perspectives. TESOL Quarterly, 4, 738–762.

Gilakjani, A. P., & Ahmadi, M. R. (2011). A Study of Factors Affecting EFL Learners ’ English Listening Comprehension and the Strategies for Improvement. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 2(5), 977–988.

Habibi, A., & Sofwan, M. (2015). Teachers of English for Young Learners : An Analysis on Their English Proficiency and Profile. English Education Study Program-National Semina, 1–7.

Harmer, J. (2001). The Practice of English Language teaching. Longman.

Horng, J., Hong, J., Chanlin, L., Chang, S., & Chu, H. (2005). Creative teachers and creative teaching strategies. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 4, 352–358.

Husein, R. (2014). A Profile of Exemplary Teachers of English for Young Learners at The Elementary School. Jurnal Pendidikan Humaniora, 2(4), 311–321.

Intarapanich, C. (2013). Teaching Methods , Approaches and Strategies Found in EFL Classrooms : A Case Study in Lao PDR. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 88, 306–311.

Jeffrey, B., & Craft, A. (2004). Teaching creatively and teaching for creativity : distinctions and relationships Teaching creatively and teaching for creativity : distinctions and relationships. Educational Studies, 30(1), 77–87.

Juhana. (2014). Teaching English to Young Learners : Some Points to be Considered. Asian Journal of Education and E-Learning (ISSN:, 2(1), 43–46.

Juriah. (2015). Implementing Controlled Composition to Improve Vocabulary Mastery of EFL Students. Dinamika Ilmu, 15(1), 137–162.

Kupczynski, L., Mundy, M. A., Goswami, J., & Meling, V. (2012). Cooperative learning in distance learning: a mixed methods study. International Journal of Instruction, 5(2), 81–90.

Larsen-Freeman, D. (2000). Techniques and Principles in Language Teaching. Oxford.

Lungu, I. (2015). A New Model of Professionalization of Teachers in Pre-school and Primary School Education. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 180(November 2014), 632–638.

Mwalongo, L. J. (2016). Learning Through English Language in Early Childhood Education : A Case of English Medium Schools in China. Journal of Education and Practice, 7(28), 28–35.

Nassaji, H. (2015). Qualitative and descriptive research : Data type versus data analysis. Language Teaching Research, 19(2), 129–132.

Nguyen, H., & Terry, D. R. (2017). English Learning Strategies among EFL Learners: A Narrative Approach. Journal of Language Learning, 3(1), 4–19.

Ning, H. (2011). Adapting cooperative learning in tertiary E LT. ELT Journal Volume, 65(1), 60–70.

Ningsih, S. (2016). Guided Writing to Improve the Students ’ Writing Ability of Junior High School Students. EFL Journal, 1(2), 129–140.

Pan, C., & Wu, H. (2013). The Cooperative Learning Effects on English Reading Comprehension and Learning Motivation of EFL Freshmen. English Language Teaching, 6(5), 13–27.

Pinter, A. (2011). Children learning Second Languages. Palgrave MacMillan.

Ratminingsih, N. M., & Budasi, I. G. (2018). Local culture-based picture storybooks for teaching English for young learners. GC-TALE, 1–6.

Ratminingsih, N. M., Mahadewi, L., & Divayana, D. (2018). ICT-Based Interactive Game in TEYL: Teachers’ Perception, Students’ Motivation, and Achievement. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 13(9), 190–203.

Remer, R., & Tzuriel, D. (2015). " I Teach Better with the Puppet " - Use of Puppet as a Mediating Tool in Kindergarten Education – an Evaluation. American Journal of Educational Research, 3(3), 356–365.

Rusiana, & Nuraeningsih. (2016). Teaching English to Young Learners through traditional Games. Journal Lof Language and Literature, 10(2), 193–200.

Senel, M. (2006). Suggestions for Beautifying the Pronunciation of EFL Learners in Turkey. Journal of Language and Linguistic Studies, 2(1), 111–125.

Slavin, R. E. (2011). Instruction Based on Cooperative Learning. In R. E. Mayer & P. A. Alexander (Eds.), Handbook of Research on Learning and Instruction (pp. 344–360). Taylor & Francis.

Strakova, Z. (2015). Challenges of Teaching English at Primary Level. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 174, 2436–2443.

Suwartono, T., & Oktavia, N. F. (2019). In Search Of Creative EFL Teachers : A Perspective from Best Classroom Practices. Ahmad Dahlan Journal of English Studies, 6(1), 9–19.

Uysal, N. D., & Yavuz, F. (2015). Teaching English to Very Young Learners Teaching English to Very Young Learners. 7th World Conference on Educational Sciences, 19–22.

Yusuf, Q., Asyik, A. G., Yusuf, Y. Q., & Rusdi, L. (2017). Language Teaching Research “ Listen , do , repeat , understand and remember ”: Teaching English to very young children in Aceh. Iranian Journal of Language Teaching Research, 5(2), 113–132.

Zein, M. S. (2015). Preparing Elementary English Teachers : Innovations at Pre-service Level. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 40(6), 104–120. 10.14221/ajte.2015v40n6.6


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 381 times
PDF file view : 147 times


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Jornal of ducation Research and Evaluation (JERE) is published by:



Jl. Udayana, Kampus Tengah, Singaraja-Bali
Kode Pos 81116
Telp. 0362-22928


Journal of Education Research and Evaluation (JERE) is indexed by:

Akreditasi SINTA 2   Crossref JPI  JPI Undiksha OneSearch  

Creative Commons License

Journal of Education Research and Evaluation (JERE)  is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.