PENGEMBANGAN MULTIMEDIA PEMBELAJARAN INTERAKTIF IPA DENGAN MODEL 4D UNTUK SISWA KELAS VIII SMP NEGERI 7 SINGARAJAJA

Ni Putu Ayu Prihartini ., Dr. Ketut Pudjawan,M.Pd ., Luh Putu Putrini Mahadewi, S.Pd., M.S. .

Abstract


Abstrak

Penelitian ini dilakukan karena adanya permasalahan keterbatasan media yang digunakan dalam proses pembelajaran. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) mendeskripsikan rancang bangun pengembangan multimedia pembelajaran interaktif, (2) menguji validitas hasil pengembangan multimedia pembelajaran interaktif IPA untuk siswa kelas VIII SMP, dan (3) mengetahui efektivitas penggunaan pengembangan multimedia pembelajaran interaktif terhadap hasil belajar IPA siswa kelas VIII SMP Negeri 7 Singaraja. Jenis penelitian ini adalah penelitian pengembangan, dengan model 4D. Pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini dilakukan dengan metode pencatatan dokumen, kuesioner dan tes. Data yang diperoleh tersebut kemudian dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif, deskriptif kuantitatif, dan statistik inferensial. Hasil penelitiannya sebagai berikut. (1) Rancang bangun pengembangan multimedia interaktif yang terdiri dari empat tahapan model 4D meliputi: (a) tahap pendefinisian, (b) tahap perancangan multimedia interaktif (c) tahap pengembangan multimedia interaktif, dan (d) tahap penyebarluasan. (2) Kelayakan kualitas hasil validasi pengembangan multimedia interaktif terdiri dari: ahli isi mata pelajaran berpredikat sangat baik (93%), ahli desain pembelajaran berpredikat baik (85%), ahli media pembelajaran berpredikat baik (84,6%), uji perorangan berpredikat sangat baik (90,3%), uji kelompok kecil berpredikat baik (88,8%), dan uji coba lapangan berpredikat sangat baik (91,92%). (3) Efektivitas penggunaan multimedia pembelajaran interaktif terlihat dari terdapatnya perbedaan yang signifikan dalam penerapan multimedia pembelajaran interaktif terhadap hasil belajar IPA. Perhitungan hasil belajar diperoleh hasil t hitung sebesar 2,88 dan harga t tabel dengan taraf signifikansi 5% adalah 2,021. Nilai rata-rata setelah menggunakan media (86,35) lebih tinggi dibandingkan sebelum menggunakan media (55,0). Dapat dikatakan bahwa multimedia pembelajaran interaktif pada mata pelajaran IPA secara efektif dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar IPA.




Kata Kunci : pengembangan multimedia pembelajaran interaktif, model 4D

Abstract

The reason of this research was problem of the limitation of interesting and appropriate media with the teaching materials. The purposes of this research are to (1)describe development of design for interactive learning multimedia, (2) to verify the validity of interactive learning multimedia for civic subject lesson in junior high school at eight class SMP Negeri 7 Singaraja, and (3) to know the effectiveness of instructional interactive learning multimedia for the outcomes of student learning in junior high school at eight class. This is research and development, with 4D model. All the datas are colected by recording document, questionaire and testing methods. The datas that have been found by recording were analysed by using qualitative descriptive technique,. Qualitative, quantitative descriptive and inferential statistic techniques. Research results as follows: ( 1 ) design of interactive multimedia development which consists of four stages 4D models include: ( a) The define phase, ( b ) an interactive multimedia design phase ( c ) an interactive multimedia development phase , and ( d ) the dissemination phase, (2) Instructional content expert evaluation is 93% indicate very good qualification. Design expert evaluation is 85% indicate good qualification. Media expert evaluation is 84,6% indicate good qualification. One-to-one testing is 90.3% indicated very good qualification. Small group testing was 88.8% indicated good qualification. Field testing is 91,92% indicate very good qualification. (3) Learning outcome that was calculate manually obtains number of tcount 2,88. Value of ttable 5% significance is 2.021. Therefore tcount is higher than ttable. It can be concluded that H0 is refused and H1 was accepted. Based on the finding, there were significant differences between of civic subject learning outcomes before and after using interactive learning multimedia. Mean score after usage of media (86,35) is higher than before (55,0). It can be said that multimedia interactive learning in science subjects can effectively improve learning outcomes IPA .

keyword : interactive learning multimedia, 4D model

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jeu.v3i1.5870

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