Project-Based Learning Case Studied Model to Improving Learner Skills on Industry Revolution 4.0


  • Iskandar Universitas Pembangunan Panca Budi, Medan, Indonesia
  • Raimon Efendi Universitas Dharmas Indonesia, Dharmasraya, Indonesia
  • Ricky Ramadhan Harahap Universitas Pembangunan Panca Budi, Medan, Indonesia
  • Irwan Yusti Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Industri Padang, Padang, Indonesia



Project-Based Learning, Case Studies, Competency, Vocational Education


There is a gap in visual programming Learning that could be more optimal and has been unable to improve 4th- century competencies. This study aims to develop a visual programming Learning model in vocational education that can improve students' Learning abilities. This type of research is Research and Development, which refers to the ADDIE model. The subjects involved in the limited trial of the PJBL-CS model were 15 lecturers and 25 students. The trial subjects were expanded to include 110 respondents in the fourth semester of the graphic design program. Data collection will be carried out using a questionnaire. The analysis technique used the Aiken'V test, and the validity used the expert test and Focus Group Discussion (FGD). The normality test of the data distribution was carried out using Kolrnogorov Srnirnov statistics. According to experts, the result of the study is models, and support systems meet the validity standards, are based on research and development models, and are acceptable for implementation. The model that is made reliable, gets an average of 86.67 points from lecturers and 86.00 points from students. Research has produced a Case Study Project-Based Learning Model that provides opportunities for students to think critically and creatively, collaborate, and communicate well, which can learn anytime, anywhere, forming students to study independently and creating connected Learning between students and lecturers.


Afdareza, M. Y., Yuanita, P., & Maimunah, M. (2020). Development of Learning device based on 21st century skill with implementatiton of problem based Learning to increase critical thinking skill of student on polyhedron for grade 8th junior high school. Journal of Educational Sciences, 4(2), 273–284. DOI:

Afriana, J., Permanasari, A., & Fitriani, A. (2016). Implementation Project-Based Learning Integrated STEM to Improve Scientific Literacy Based on Gender. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan IPA, 2(2), 202–212. DOI:

Bice, M. R., Ball, J. W., Hollman, A., & Adkins, M. (2018). Health Technology Use: Implications for Physical Activity Behaviors Among College Students. International Journal of Kinesiology in Higher Education, 1–12. DOI:

Bolanakis, Di. E. (2019). A Survey of Research in Microcontroller Education. Revista Iberoamericana de Tecnologias Del Aprendizaje, 14(2), 50–57. DOI:

Bravo, M. C. M., Chalezquer, C. S., & Serrano-Puche, J. (2021). Meta-framework of digital literacy: Comparative analysis of 21st century skills frameworks. Revista Latina de Comunicacion Social, 2021(79), 76–110. DOI:

Bystrova, T. (2020). Infographics As a Tool for Improving Effectiveness of Education. KnE Social Sciences, 2020, 152–158. DOI:

Chong, M. S. F., Shahrill, M., & Li, H. C. (2019). The integration of a problem-solving framework for Brunei high school mathematics curriculum in increasing student’s affective competency. Journal on Mathematics Education, 10(2), 215–228. DOI:

Englund, C., Olofsson, A. D., & Price, L. (2017). Teaching with technology in higher education: understanding conceptual change and development in practice. Higher Education Research and Development, 36(1), 73–87. DOI:

Fatimah, A. S., & Santiana, S. (2017). Teaching in 21St Century: Students-Teachers’ Perceptions of Technology Use in the Classroom. Script Journal: Journal of Linguistic and English Teaching, 2(2), 125. DOI:

Gandasari, D., Dwidienawati, D., & Sarwoprasodjo, S. (2020). Discourse analysis: The impact of industrial revolution 4.0 and society 5.0 in Indonesia. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(3), 5189–5199.

Garba, S. A., Byabazaire, Y., & Busthami, A. H. (2015). Toward the use of 21st century teaching-Learning approaches: The trend of development in Malaysian schools within the context of Asia Pacific. International Journal of Emerging Technologies in Learning, 10(4), 72–79. DOI:

Grollmann, P. (2008). The quality of vocational teachers: Teacher education, institutional roles and professional reality. European Educational Research Journal, 7(4), 535–547. DOI:

Huang, T. C., Lin, W., & Yueh, H. P. (2019). How to cultivate an environmentally responsible maker? A CPS approach to a comprehensive maker education model. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 17, 49–64. DOI:

Irwanto, Saputro, A. D., Rohaeti, E., & Prodjosantoso, A. K. (2018). Promoting critical thinking and Problem Solving Skills of Preservice Elementary Teachers through Process-Oriented Guided-Inquiry Learning (POGIL). International Journal of Instruction, 11(4). DOI:

Izzah, N., Asrizal, A., & Mufit, F. (2021). Meta Analisis Pengaruh Model Project based Learning dalam Variasi Bahan Ajar Fisika Terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa SMA/SMK. Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran Fisika, 12(2), 159–165. DOI:

Jalinus, N., Syahril, & Nabawi, R. A. (2019). A comparison of the problem-solving skills of students in pjBL versus CPjBL model: An experimental study. Journal of Technical Education and Training, 11(1), 36–43. DOI:

Jaya Saragih, M., Mas Rizky Yohannes Cristanto, R., Effendi, Y., & Zamzami, E. M. (2020). Application of Blended Learning Supporting Digital Education 4.0. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1566(1), 0–6. DOI:

Kathy, S., Pam, S., Edward, M., Iram, S., & Taggart, B. (2022). Developing 21st century skills in early childhood: The contribution of process quality to self-regulation and pro-social behaviour. 310. DOI:

Mahardika, L., Hermawan, R., & Riyadi, A. (2017). Penerapan Model Project Based Learning Untuk Meningkatkan Kecerdasan Kinestetik Siswa Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Pendidikan Sekolah Dasar, 11(1).

Marji. (2020). Interactive Multimedia Development Engine Management System ( EMS ) Using The Addie Model. Palarch’s Journal Of Archaeology Of Egypt/Egyptology, 17(4), 609–629.

Mondro, A., Connell, C. M., Li, L., & Reed, E. (2020). Retaining identity: Creativity and caregiving. Dementia. DOI:

Mulyono, H., & Agustin, E. E. (2020). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Project Based Learning Terhadap Hasil Belajar Siswa Pada Mata Pelajaran Pemrograman Dasar di SMK Muhammadiyah 1 Padang. JIPI : Jurnal Ilmiah Penelitian Dan Pembelajaran Informatika, 05(1), 20–24. DOI:

Mustapha, R., Sadrina, Nashir, I. M., Azman, M. N. A., & Hasnan, K. A. (2020). Assessing the implementation of the project-based Learning (PJBL) in the department of mechanical engineering at a Malaysian polytechnic. Journal of Technical Education and Training, 12(1 Special Issue), 100–118.

Mutakinati, L., Anwari, I., & Yoshisuke, K. (2018). Analysis of students’ critical thinking skill of middle school through stem education project-based Learning. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 7(1), 54–65. DOI:

Nilsook, P., Chatwattana, P., & Seechaliao, T. (2021). The Project-based Learning Management Process for Vocational and Technical Education. Higher Education Studies, 11(2), 20–29. DOI:

Ningsih, I., Winarni, R., & Roemintoyo, R. (2019). Implementation of Digital Literacy to Achieve 21st Century Skills in The 2013’s Curriculum. DOI:

Pheeraphan, N. (2013). Enhancement of the 21st century skills for Thai higher education by integration of ICT in classroom. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 103, 365–373. DOI:

Psycharis, S., & Kallia, M. (2017). The effects of computer programming on high school students’ reasoning skills and mathematical self-efficacy and problem solving. Instructional Science, 45(5), 583–602. DOI:

Rahman, M. M. (2019). 21st Century Skill “Problem Solving”: Defining the Concept. Asian Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, 2(1), 64–74. DOI:

Roll, M. J. J. (2021). Multidisciplinary digital competencies of pre-service vocational teachers. In Empirical Research in Vocational Education and Training (Vol. 13, Issue 1, pp. 1–25). SpringerOpen. DOI:

Saputra, B., & Sujarwanta, A. (2021). Tranformasi Pembelajaran Berbasis Proyek Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. BIOLOVA, 2(1), 1–8. DOI:

Skobelev, P. O., & Borovik, S. Y. (2017). On The Way from Industry 4.0 To Industry 5.0: From Digital Manufacturing To Digital Society. On The Way from Industry 4.0 To Industry 5.0: From Digital Manufacturing To Digital Society, 2(6), 307–311.

Sulisworo, D., Ummah, R., Nursolikh, M., & Rahardjo, W. (2020). The analysis of the critical thinking skills between blended Learning implementation: Google Classroom and Schoology. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 8(3 B), 33–40. DOI:

Suryawati, E., Suzanti, F., Zulfarina, Putriana, A. R., & Febrianti, L. (2020). The implementation of local environmental problem-based Learning student worksheets to strengthen environmental literacy. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 9(2), 169–178. DOI:

Syakur, A., Musyarofah, L., Sulistiyaningsih, S., & Wike, W. (2020). The Effect of Project-Based Learning (PjBL) Continuing Learning Innovation on Learning Outcomes of English in Higher Education. Budapest International Research and Critics in Linguistics and Education (BirLE) Journal, 3(1), 625–630. DOI:

Taar, J., & Palojoki, P. (2022). Applying interthinking for Learning 21st-century skills in home economics education. Learning, Culture and Social Interaction, 33(April 2021). DOI:

Thompson, C. (2011). Critical Thinking across the Curriculum: Process over Output. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 1(9), 1–7.

Wakid, M., Usman, T., & Sulistyo, B. (2020). Project based Learning model to increase the competency of automotive engineering teachers candidates. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1700(1), 1–8. DOI:

Wangi, N. B. S., Nashrullah, M. H., & Wajdi, M. B. N. (2018). Digital Era’s Education and Aplication in Higher Education. Journal of Education And Technology, 2597(9221), 119–128.

Zubaedi, Z., Amin, A., Asiyah, A., Suhirman, S., Alimni, A., Amaliyah, A., & Agus Kurniawan, D. (2021). Learning style and motivation: gifted young students in meaningful Learning. Journal for the Education of Gifted Young Scientists, 9(1), 57–66. DOI:




How to Cite

Iskandar, Efendi, R., Harahap , R. R. ., & Yusti, I. (2022). Project-Based Learning Case Studied Model to Improving Learner Skills on Industry Revolution 4.0. Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Pengajaran, 55(3), 480–491.