Professional Status: Teachers' Difficulties in Compiling Questions Based on Higher Order Thinking Skills
Keywords:Teacher Difficulties, HOTS Questions, Professional Status
Higher order thinking skills are needed in dealing with 21st century learning. The teacher's role is very important in improving students' higher-order thinking skills, but the implementation of HOTS-based questions is still rarely used by teachers who have or have not held professional status. This study aims to analyze teachers' difficulties in compiling HOTS-based questions in terms of professional status. This study used a descriptive quantitative approach. The population in this study were all teachers in Cluster. Sampling in this study was carried out by cluster sampling, then proportional random sampling in each cluster. The sample in this study was 34 teachers, who were divided into two groups, namely teachers who had not yet held professional status and had. Data collection used an instrument in the form of a questionnaire. Furthermore, research data were analysed used descriptive statistics in the form of mean, standard deviation, and percentages converted to PAP. The results of this study were that teachers who are not yet professional in compiled HOTS-based questions were in the very high category, while the difficulties of teachers who already hold professional status in compiled HOTS-based questions were in the high category. The difficulties of teachers who are not yet professional in compiling HOTS-based questions are difficulty understanding cognitive levels, determining cognitive levels, choosing KKO, compiling contextual stimuli. For teachers who already have professional status, the difficulties experienced are chosen KKO, compiled contextual stimuli, and compiled stimuli that are easy for students to understand.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Ayu Pramesti Ni Ketut
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with the International Journal of Elementary Education agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. (See The Effect of Open Access)