Online Learning in Digital Innovations
Keywords:Development, online learning media, digital innovation
Students and lecturers cannot do direct learning. It is an obstacle in the delivery of material by the lecturer. The purpose of this research is to develop learning in the Digital Learning Learning Media course. This research uses development research—the model development used by ADDIE (Analyze, Design, Development, Implementation, Evaluation). The research subjects are three experts, which include material experts, media experts, learning design experts. The subject of the product trial is students. The methods used to collect data are observation, questionnaires, and tests. The instruments used to collect data are questionnaires and test sheets. The technique used to analyze the data is descriptive qualitative, quantitative, and statistical analysis. The results of the material expert test are 90% with the "very good" category. 90% "very good" learning design expert test, 90% media expert test in the "very good" category, and 95% student trials in the "very good" category. Based on data analysis, learning media for learning media is proven to be effective in learning. This finding proves a difference between the control class tcount value which is smaller than the experimental class tcount (3,558 < 5,610). The development of online learning can be helpful for students in carrying out learning caused by the limitations of distance and time. This bold course has innovative values, including independent online practice tests using camera simulators equipped with audio and video to make learning more interactive.
Abramovitz, B., Berezina, M., Berman, A., & Shvartsman, L. (2012). A Blended Learning Approach in Mathematics. Teaching Mathematics Online: Emergent Technologies and Methodologies, 21. https://doi.org/10.4018/978-1-60960-875-0.ch002.
Alodwan, T., & Almosa, M. (2018). The Effect of a Computer Program Based on Analysis, Design, Development, Implementation and Evaluation (ADDIE) in Improving Ninth Graders’ Listening and Reading Comprehension Skills in English in Jordan. English Language Teaching, 11(4), 43. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v11n4p43.
Amin, I., Yousaf, A., Walia, S., & Bashir, M. (2021). What Shapes E-Learning Effectiveness among Tourism Education Students? An Empirical Assessment during COVID19. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education, xxx(xxxx), 100337. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhlste.2021.100337.
Amiti, F. (2020). Synchronous and asynchronous E-learning. European Journal of Open Education and E-Learning Studies, 5(2), 60–70. https://doi.org/10.46827/ejoe.v5i2.3313.
Anggrellanggi, A., Supratiwi, M., Yusuf, M., Subagya, & Martika, T. (2020). Penguatan Aksesibilitas Model Blended Learning pada Matakuliah Bahasa Indonesia bagi Mahasiswa Tunarungu dan Tunanetra. Special and Inclusive Education Journal (SPECIAL), 1(1), 25–30. https://doi.org/10.36456/SPECIAL.VOL1.NO1.A2085.
Anugrahana, A. (2020). Hambatan , Solusi dan Harapan : Pembelajaran Daring Selama Masa Pandemi Covid-19 Oleh Guru Sekolah Dasar. Scholaria: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Kebudayaan, 10(3), 282–289. https://doi.org/10.24246/j.js.2020.v10.i3.p282-289.
Arifuddin, Suwatra, & Mahadewi. (2020). Pengembangan Konten E-learning Berorientasi Pendidikan Karakter Pada Mata Pelajaran Seni Budaya. Jurnal Edutech Undiksha, 8(2). https://doi.org/10.23887/jeu.v8i2.28942.
Astuti, M., Arifin, Z., Mutohhari, F., & Nurtanto, M. (2021). Competency of Digital Technology: The Maturity Levels of Teachers and Students in Vocational Education in Indonesia. Journal of Education Technology, 5(2), 254–262. https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v5i3.35108.
Beaunoyer, E., Torres, L. H., Maessen, L., & Guitton, M. J. (2020). Grieving in the digital era: Mapping online support for grief and bereavement. Patient Education and Counseling, 103(11). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pec.2020.06.013.
Benavides-Varela, S., Callegher, C. Z., Fagiolini, B., Leo, I., Altoè, G., & Lucangeli, D. (2020). Effectiveness of digital-based interventions for children with mathematical learning difficulties: A meta-analysis. Computers & Education, 157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2020.103953.
Bervell, B., & Arkorful, V. (2020). LMS-Enabled Blended Learning Utilization in Distance Tertiary Education: Establishing the Relationships Among Facilitating Conditions, Voluntariness of Use and Use Behaviour. International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 17(1), 6. https://doi.org/10.1186/s41239-020-0183-9.
Bock, A., Modabber, A., Kniha, K., Lemos, M., Rafai, N., & Hölzle, F. (2018). Blended learning modules for lectures on oral and maxillofacial surgery. British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 56(10), 956–961. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjoms.2018.10.281.
Bosshardt, W., & Chiang. (2018). Evaluating the effect of online principles courses on long-term outcomes. International Review of Economics Education. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iree.2018.03.001.
Cahyadi, R. A. H. (2019). Pengembangan Bahan Ajar Berbasis Addie Model. Halaqa: Islamic Education Journal, 3(1), 35. https://doi.org/10.21070/halaqa.v3i1.2124.
Cavanagh, T., Chen, B., Lahcen, R. A. M., & Paradiso, J. (2020). Constructing a Design Framework and Pedagogical Approach for Adaptive Learning in Higher Education: A Practitioner’s Perspective. The International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 21(1), 172–196. https://doi.org/10.19173/IRRODL.V21I1.4557.
Chang, H.-Y., Wu, H.-F., Chang, Y.-C., Tseng, Y.-S., & Wang, Y.-C. (2021). The effects of a virtual simulation-based, mobile technology application on nursing students’ learning achievement and cognitive load: Randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2021.103948.
Chao, J. Y., Tzeng, P. W., & Po, H. Y. (2017). The study of problem solving process of e-book PBL course of atayal senior high school students in Taiwan. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 13(3), 1001–1012. https://doi.org/10.12973/eurasia.2017.00654a.
Chin, K.-Y., & Wang, C.-S. (2021). Effects of augmented reality technology in a mobile touring system on university students’ learning performance and interest. Australasian Journal of Educational Technology, 37(1). https://doi.org/10.14742/ajet.5841.
Choi, J. J., Robb, C. A., Mifli, M., & Zainuddin, Z. (2021). University students’ perception to online class delivery methods during the COVID-19 pandemic: A focus on hospitality education in Korea and Malaysia. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education, 29(August), 100336. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhlste.2021.100336.
Desyandri, D., Muhammadi, M., Mansurdin, M., & Fahmi, R. (2019). Development of integrated thematic teaching material used discovery learning model in grade V elementary school. Jurnal Konseling Dan Pendidikan, 7(1), 16. https://doi.org/10.29210/129400.
Dhawan, S. (2020). Online Learning: A Panacea in the Time of COVID-19 Crisis. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 49(1), 5–22. https://doi.org/10.1177/0047239520934018.
Duncan, M. J., Smith, M., & Cook, K. (2013). Implementing online problem based learning (PBL) in postgraduates new to both online learning and PBL: An example from strength and conditioning. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education, 12(1), 79–84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhlste.2012.11.004.
Fitriyani, Y., Fauzi, I., & Sari, M. Z. (2020). Motivasi Belajar Mahasiswa Pada Pembelajaran Daring Selama Pandemik Covid-19. Profesi Pendidikan Dasar, 7(1), 121–132. https://doi.org/10.23917/ppd.v7i1.10973.
Fuad, M., Ariyani, F., Suyanto, E., & Shidiq, A. S. (2020). Exploring teachers’ tpck: Are indonesian language teachers ready for online learning during the covid-19 outbreak? Universal Journal of Educational Research, 8(11B), 6091–6102. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2020.082245.
Gerhardt-Szép, S., Dreher, S., Rüttermann, S., & Weberschock, T. (2017). Konzeption und Implementierung eines neuartigen E-Learning-Moduls mit EbM-Lerninhalten im Fach Zahnerhaltungskunde. Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung Und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen, 127–128, 72–78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.zefq.2017.09.001.
Gillett-Swan, J. (2017). The Challenges of Online Learning: Supporting and Engaging the Isolated Learner. Journal of Learning Design, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.5204/jld.v9i3.293.
Hashim, H. (2018). Application of Technology in the Digital Era Education. International Journal of Research in Counseling and Education, 1(2), 1. https://doi.org/10.24036/002za0002.
Helsa, Y, Ariani, Y., & Kenedi, A. (2021). Digital Class Model in Mathematics Learning in Elementary School Using Social Learning Network Schoology. 382(Icet 2019), 2016–2019. https://doi.org/10.4108/eai.4-11-2020.2304599.
Helsa, Yullys, & Kenedi, A. K. (2019). Edmodo-Based Blended Learning Media in Learning Mathematics. Journal of Teaching and Learning in Elementary Education (Jtlee), 2(2), 107–117. https://doi.org/10.33578/jtlee.v2i2.7416.
Hwang, G.-J., Wang, S.-Y., & Lai, C.-L. (2021). Effects of a social regulation-based online learning framework on students’ learning achievements and behaviors in mathematics. Computers & Education, 160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2020.104031.
Idris, S., Malim, T., Ab, W., Wan, A., Development, G., & Jeli, K. (2018). Adaptation of ADDIE instructional model in developing educational website for language learning. Global Journal Al-Thaqafah, 8(2), 7–16.
Islam Sarker, M. N., Wu, M., Cao, Q., Alam, G. M. M., & Li, D. (2019). Leveraging Digital Technology for Better Learning and Education: A Systematic Literature Review. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 9(7), 453–461. https://doi.org/10.18178/ijiet.2019.9.7.1246.
Joshi, O., Chapagain, B., Kharel, G., Poudyal, N. C., Murray, B. D., & Mehmood, S. R. (2020). Benefits and Challenges of Online Instruction in Agriculture and Natural Resource Education. Interactive Learning Environments, 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1080/10494820.2020.1725896.
Kalyuga, S. (2012). Interactive distance education: A cognitive load perspective. Journal of Computing in Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12528-012-9060-4.
Kebritchi, M., Lipschuetz, A., & Santiague, L. (2017). Issues and Challenges for Teaching Successful Online Courses in Higher Education. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 46(1). https://doi.org/10.1177/0047239516661713.
Khairudin, M., Triatmaja, A. K., Istanto, W. J., & Azman, M. N. A. (2019). Mobile virtual reality to develop a virtual laboratorium for the subject of digital engineering. International Journal of Interactive Mobile Technologies, 13(4), 79–95. https://doi.org/10.3991/ijim.v13i04.10522.
Khan, M. A., Vivek, Nabi, M. K., Khojah, M., & Tahir, M. (2021). Students’ Perception towards E-Learning During Covid-19 Pandemic In India: An Empirical Study. Sustainability, 13(1). https://doi.org/10.3390/su13010057.
Klimova, B. (2021). ScienceDirect An Insight into Online Foreign Language Learning and Teaching in the Era of COVID-19 Pandemic. Procedia Computer Science, 192, 1787–1794. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2021.08.183.
Koh, J. H. L., Herring, S. C., & Hew, K. F. (2010). Project-based learning and student knowledge construction during asynchronous online discussion. Internet and Higher Education, 13(4), 284–291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2010.09.003.
Kristanto, A. (2021). Integration of a Constructivism Approach in E-learning Photography Subjects: Feasibility and Effectiveness in Learning. Journal of Education Technology, 5(2), 167–174.
Kristanto, A., Sulistiowati, ., & Pradana, H. D. (2021). Brain-Based Online Learning Design in The Disruptive Era for Students in University. Journal of Educational and Social Research, 11(6), 277. https://doi.org/10.36941/jesr-2021-0147.
Lapada, A. A., Miguel, F. F., Robledo, D. A. R., & Alam, Z. F. (2020). Teachers’ Covid-19 Awareness, Distance Learning Education Experiences and Perceptions towards Institutional Readiness and Challenges. International Journal of Learning, Teaching and Educational Research, 19(6), 127–144. https://doi.org/10.26803/ijlter.19.6.8.
Lapitan, L. D., Tiangco, C. E., Sumalinog, D. A. G., Sabarillo, N. S., & Diaz, J. M. (2021). An effective blended online teaching and learning strategy during the COVID-19 pandemic. Education for Chemical Engineers, 35(May 2020), 116–131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ece.2021.01.012.
Maarop, A. H., & Embi, M. A. (2016). Implementation of Blended Learning in Higher Learning Institutions: A Review of Literature. ResearchGate, 9(3), 41. https://doi.org/10.5539/ies.v9n3p4.
Mahasneh, D., Shoqirat, N., Singh, C., & Hawks, M. (2021). “From the classroom to Dr. YouTube”: nursing students’ experiences of learning and teaching styles in Jordan. Teaching and Learning in Nursing, 16(1). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.teln.2020.09.008.
Mahyoob, M. (2020). Challenges of e-Learning during the COVID-19 Pandemic Experienced by EFL Learners. Arab World English Journal (AWEJ), 11(4).
Molina, A. I., Navarro, Ó., Ortega, M., & Lacruz, M. (2018). Evaluating multimedia learning materials in primary education using eye tracking. Computer Standards & Interfaces, 59, 45–60. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csi.2018.02.004.
Morze, N., Varchenko-Trotsenko, L., Terletska, T., & Smyrnova-Trybulska, E. (2021). Implementation of adaptive learning at higher education institutions by means of Moodle LMS. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1840(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1840/1/012062.
Nuryadi, N., Kurniawan, L., & Kholifa, I. (2020). Developing mobile learning based on ethnomathematics viewed from adaptive e-learning: Study of two dimensions geometry on Yogyakarta palace’s chariot. International Journal of Education and Learning, 2(1), 32–41. https://doi.org/10.31763/ijele.v2i1.85.
Ogbonna, C. G., Ibezim, N. E., & Obi, C. A. (2019). Synchronous versus asynchronous e-learning in teaching word processing: An experimental approach. South African Journal of Education, 39(2), 1–15. https://doi.org/10.15700/saje.v39n2a1383.
Owusu-Fordjour, C., Koomson, C. K., & Hanson, D. (2020). The Impact of Covid-19 on Learning-The Perspective of the Ghanaian Student. European Journal of Education Studies, 7(3), 88–101. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3753586.
Purwitaningrum, R., & Prahmana, R. C. I. (2021). Developing instructional materials on mathematics logical thinking through the Indonesian realistic mathematics education approach. International Journal of Education and Learning, 3(1), 13–19. https://doi.org/10.31763/ijele.v3i1.178.
Putri, V. D. (2020). Layanan Bimbingan dan Konseling Daring Selama Masa Pandemi COVID-19. Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling Pendidikan Islam, 1(2), 7–16. https://doi.org/10.47453/coution.v1i2.95.
Qazi, A., Naseer, K., Qazi, J., Alsalman, H., Naseem, U., Yang, S., Hardaker, G., & Gumaei, A. (2020). Children and Youth Services Review Conventional to online education during COVID-19 pandemic : Do develop and underdeveloped nations cope alike. Children and Youth Services Review, 119(October), 105582. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105582.
Richardson, J. C., Besser, E., Koehler, A., Lim, J. E., & Strait, M. (2016). Instructors’ perceptions of instructor presence in online learning environments. International Review of Research in Open and Distance Learning, 17(4). https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v17i4.2330.
Rusli, M., & Antonius, L. (2019). Meningkatkan Kognitif Siswa SMAN I Jambi Melalui Modul Berbasis E-Book Kvisoft Flipbook Maker. Jurnal Sistem Komputer Dan Informatika (JSON), 1(1), 59. https://doi.org/10.30865/json.v1i1.1397.
Sadegi, M. (2019). A Shift Ftom Classroom to Distance Learning : Advantages and Limitation. International Journal of Research in English Education ( IJREE), 4(1). https://doi.org/10.29252/ijree.4.1.80.
Sadikin, A., & Hamidah, A. (2020). Pembelajaran Daring di Tengah Wabah Covid-19. BIODIK: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Biologi, 6(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22437/bio.v6i2.9759.
Sadikin, Ali, & Hamidah, A. (2020). Pembelajaran Daring di Tengah Wabah Covid-19. Biodik, 6(2), 109–119. https://doi.org/10.22437/bio.v6i2.9759.
Satyawan, I. M., Wahjoedi, & Swadesi, I. K. I. (2020). The Effectiveness of Online Learning Through UNDIKSHA E-Learning During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the Physical Education Study Program. Journal of Education Technology, 5(2), 191–199. https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v5i2.32364.
Selvaraj, A., Radhin, V., KA, N., Benson, N., & Mathew, A. J. (2021). Effect of pandemic based online education on teaching and learning system. International Journal of Educational Development, 85(May), 102444. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijedudev.2021.102444.
Sidhu, R., & Gage, W. H. (2021). Enhancing the odds of adopting e-learning or community-focused experiential learning as a teaching practice amongst university faculty. Heliyon, 7(4). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2021.e06704.
Sintema, E. J. (2020). Effect of COVID-19 on the performance of grade 12 students: Implications for STEM education. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 16(7), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.29333/EJMSTE/7893.
Solehana, L., Asrori, A., & Usman, A. (2019). The Development of E-Learning Teaching Material Based on Edmodo on Basic Competencies of National Integration at Class X of Senior High School. Journal Of Education, Teaching And Learning, 4(2). https://doi.org/10.26737/jetl.v4i2.1914.
Sugiyono. (2016). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R & D. IKAPI.
Summak, M. S., Baǧlibel, M., & Samancioǧlu, M. (2010). Technology readiness of primary school teachers: A case study in Turkey. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 2(2), 2671–2675. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.SBSPRO.2010.03.393.
Sutarto, S., Sari, D. P., & Fathurrochman, I. (2020). Teacher Strategies in Online Learning to Increase Students ’ Interest in Learning During COVID-19 Pandemic. Jurnal Konseling Dan Pendidikan, 8(3Sutarto, S., Sari, D. P., Fathurrochman, I. (2020). Teacher Strategies in Online Learning to Increase Students ’ Interest in Learning During COVID-19 Pandemic. Jurnal Konseling Dan Pendidikan, 8(3), 129–137. https://doi.org/10.29210/147800), 129–137. https://doi.org/10.29210/147800.
Syauqi, K., Munadi, S., & Triyono, M. B. (2020). Students ’ perceptions toward vocational education on online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic. Internasional Journal of Evaluation and Reseacrh In Education (IJEE), 9(4). https://doi.org/10.11591/ijere.v9i4.20766.
Tajvidi, M., Ghiyasvandian, S., & Salsali, M. (2014). Probing concept of critical thinking in nursing education in Iran: A concept analysis. Asian Nursing Research, 8(2), 158–164. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.anr.2014.02.005.
Tang, Y. M., Chen, P. C., Law, K. M. Y., Wu, C. H., Lau, Y., Guan, J., He, D., & Ho, G. T. S. (2021). Comparative analysis of Student’s live online learning readiness during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in the higher education sector. Computers & Education, 168, 104211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2021.104211.
Udayani, N. K. R. T. K., Wibawa, I. M. C., & Rati, N. W. (2021). Development Of E-Comic Learning Media On The Topic Of The Human Digestive System. Journal of Education Technology, 5(3), 472–481. https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v5i3.34732.
Van Alten, D. C. D., Phielix, C., Janssen, J., & Kester, L. (2020). Self-regulated learning support in flipped learning videos enhances learning outcomes. Computers and Education, 158(August), 104000. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2020.104000.
Waqar, S., Shafiq, S., & Hasan, S. (2016). Impact of Procrastination and Academic Motivation on Academic Self-efficacy among University Students. IOSR Journal Of Humanities And Social Science (IOSR-JHSS, 21(6), 7–13. https://doi.org/10.9790/0837-2106040713.
Wijaya, H., Tari, E., Sumule, L., Weismann, I. T. J., & Supartini, T. (2021). Online Learning Evaluation in Higher Education: Study Survey Method. Journal of Education Technology, 5(3), 401–408. https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v5i3.35466.
Wulandari, I. G. A. A. M., Sudatha, I. G. W., & Simamora, A. H. (2020). Pengembangan Pembelajaran Blended Pada Mata Kuliah Ahara Yoga Semester II di IHDN Denpasar. Jurnal Edutech Undiksha, 8(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.23887/jeu.v8i1.26459.
Yustika, G. P., Subagyo, A., & Iswati, S. (2019). Masalah Yang Dihadapi Dunia Pendidikan Dengan Tutorial Online: Sebuah Short Review. Tadbir : Jurnal Studi Manajemen Pendidikan, 3(2), 195. https://doi.org/10.29240/jsmp.v3i2.1178.
Authors who publish with the Journal of Education Technology agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal the right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work. (See The Effect of Open Access)