Code-Switching in Online Synchronous Learning

Ni Kadek Ayu Rinawati, I Nyoman Adi Jaya Putra


Covid-19 outbreak “forces” the shifting of face-to-face teaching and learning to fully online. This situation also influenced EFL prospective teachers in doing their teaching practicum. This research aimed to investigate the EFL prospective teachers inusing code-switching during the online discussionthrough WhatsApp group chat.Code-switching is a popular language feature that is usually used in communication. Subsequently, the research objectives of this research are to identify the types of code-switching followingPoplack’s theory and also to discover the function of code-switching based on the theory of Sert. The subjects of this study were six EFL prospective teachers and their students. The data were in the form of students' and teachers’ discussions through WhatsApp group chat as the primary data. The first result of research in terms of code-switching types revealed that all research participantspracticed code-switching in their online teaching and learning through WhatsApp group chat. The discussion provided the three types of code-switching based on Poplack’s theory, those were: tag-switching, inter-sentential switching, and intra-sentential switching. Furthermore, tag-switching was frequently used in online discussions. It was found that the function of code-switching wasa topic switch, affective function, and repetitive function.


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