The Challenges of Online Learning During the Covid-19 Pandemic

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23887/jpp.v54i1.29703

Keywords:

Technology, Covid-19, Online Learning

Abstract

The Covid-19 pandemic requires almost all human activity to shift to digital media, including education services. Now, education services must adapt to online learning methods. This change is a challenge for Indonesian education, which must also prepare students to adapt to face the challenges of the era of Society 5.0. This study aims to obtain information about online learning from home during the Covid-19 pandemic at the junior, senior, vocational, and university levels in Indonesia. Researchers also analyzed the differences in the mastery of learning technology in students and educators. This study used a questionnaire distributed via Google forms to students and educators using Facebook, e-mail, and WhatsApp Group (WAG). The total sample in this study was 108 educators and 386 students. From the independent sample t-test test, the following results were obtained: the mastery ability of MS office software and online learning technology in students was higher than students with significant differences; there was no significant difference between teacher and lecturer perceptions regarding the role of learning technology in the classroom and on the educational process of students. The success of online learning was highly dependent on several integrated components, such as students, educators, learning resources, and the technology used. The researcher also found several disadvantages of online learning, such as student discipline, lack of internet access, and lack of social interaction, common challenges for educational organizations and stakeholders.

Author Biographies

Yustinus Budi Hermanto, Universitas Katolik Darma Cendika Surabaya

Program Studi Manajemen

Veronika Agustini Srimulyani, Unika Widya Mandala Surabaya

Manajemen

References

Abidah, A., Hidaayatullaah, H., Simamora, R., Fehabutar, D., & Mutakinati, L. (2020). The Impact of Covid-19 to Indonesian Education and Its Relation to the Philosophy of “Merdeka Belajar.” Studies in Philosophy of Science and Education, 1(1), 38–49. https://doi.org/10.46627/sipose.v1i1.9.

Basilaia, G., & Kvavadze, D. (2020). Transition to Online Education in Schools during a SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus (COVID-19) Pandemic in Georgia. Pedagogical Research, 5(4). https://doi.org/10.29333/pr/7937.

Basri, W., Alandejani, J., & Almadani, F. (2018). ICT adoption impact on students’ academic performance: Evidence from Saudi universities. Education Research International, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1240197.

Bøe, T. (2018). E-learning technology and higher education: the impact of organizational trust. Tertiary Education and Management, 24(4), 362–376. https://doi.org/10.1080/13583883.2018.1465991.

Dewi, W. (2020). Dampak Covid-19 terhadap implementasi pembelajaran daring di Sekolah Dasar. Edukatif: Jurnal Ilmu Pendidikan, 2(1), 55–61. https://doi.org/10.31004/edukatif.v2i1.89.

Elsy, P. (2020). Elderly care in the society 5.0 and kaigo rishoku in Japanese hyper-ageing society. Jurnal Studi Komunikasi, 4(2), 435–452. https://doi.org/10.25139/jsk.v4i2.2448.

Firman, F., & Rahayu, S. (2020). Pembelajaran Online di Tengah Pandemi Covid-19. Indonesian Journal of Educational Science (IJES), 2(2), 81–89. https://doi.org/10.31605/ijes.v2i2.659.

Gikas, J., & Grant, M. M. (2013). Mobile computing devices in higher education: Student perspectives on learning with cellphones, smartphones & social media. Internet and Higher Education, 19, 18–26. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iheduc.2013.06.002.

Hartman, R., Townsend, M., & Jackson, M. (2019). Educators’ perceptions of technology integration into the classroom: a descriptive case study. Journal of Research in Innovative Teaching & Learning, 12(3). https://doi.org/10.1108/jrit-03-2019-0044.

Herliandry, L., Nurhasanah, N., Suban, M., & Kuswanto, H. (2020). Pembelajaran Pada Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Teknologi Pendidikan, 22(1), 65–70. https://doi.org/10.21009/jtp.v22i1.15286.

Hikmatiar, H., Sulisworo, D., & Wahyuni, M. (2020). Pemanfaatan Learning Manegement System Berbasis Google Classroom Dalam Pembelajaran. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika, 8(1), 78–86. https://doi.org/10.26618/jpf.v8i1.3019.

Khusniyah, N., & Hakim, L. (2019). Efektivitas Pembelajaran Berbasis Daring: Sebuah Bukti Pada Pembelajaran Bahasa Inggris. Jurnal Tatsqif, 17(1), 19–33. https://doi.org/10.20414/jtq.v17i1.667.

Kumar, V., & Nanda, P. (2018). Social media in higher education: A framework for continuous engagement. International Journal of Information and Communication Technology Education, 15(1), 97–108. https://doi.org/10.4018/ijicte.2019010107.

Kuntarto, E. (2017). Keefektifan Model Pembelajaran Daring Dalam Perkuliahan Bahasa Indonesia di Perguruan tinggi. Journal Indonesian Language Education and Literature, 3(1), 99–110. https://doi.org/10.24235/ileal.v3i1.1820.

Margalina, V., Heredero, C., Botella, J., & Martinez, A. (2014). The Role of Relational Coordination in Final Teacher Satisfaction in e-learning. Procedia Technology, 16, 365–375. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.protcy.2014.10.102.

Miaty. (2020). Pembelajaran Berbasis During Selama Pandemi Covid-19.

Mustakim. (2020). Efektivitas Pembelajaran Daring Menggunakan Media Online Selama Pandemi Covid-19 Pada Mata Pelajaran Matematika the Effectiveness of E-Learning Using Online Media During the Covid-19 Pandemic in Mathematics. Al Asma: Journal of Islamic Education, 2(1), 1–12.

Mustofa, M., Chodzirin, M., Sayekti, L., & Fauzan, R. (2019). Formulasi Model Perkuliahan Daring Sebagai Upaya Menekan Disparitas Kualitas Perguruan Tinggi. Walisongo Journal of Information Technology, 1(2), 151–160. https://doi.org/10.21580/wjit.2019.1.2.4067.

Nastiti, F., & Abdu, A. (2020). Kajian: Kesiapan Pendidikan Indonesia Menghadapi Era Society 5.0. Edcomtech Jurnal Kajian Teknologi Pendidikan, 5(1), 61–66. https://doi.org/10.17977/um039v5i12020p061.

Pratiwi, E. W. (2020). Dampak Covid-19 Terhadap Kegiatan Pembelajaran Online Di Perguruan Tinggi Kristen Di Indonesia. Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan, 34(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.21009/pip.341.1.

Purwanto, A., Pramono, R., Asbari, M., Hyun, C., Wijayanti, L., & Putri, R. (2020). Studi Eksploratif Dampak Pandemi COVID-19 Terhadap Proses Pembelajaran Online di Sekolah Dasar. EduPsyCouns: Journal of Education, Psychology and Counseling, 2(1), 1–12. https://ummaspul.e-journal.id/Edupsycouns/article/view/397.

Puspitasari, P., Sari, P., Putri, J., & Wuryani, W. (2018). Pengaruh Penggunaan Media Pembelajaran terhadap Motivasi Belajar Mahasiswa IKIP Siliwangi. Parole: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Indonesia, 1(2), 227–232. https://doi.org/10.22460/p.v1i2p%25p.243.

Putria, H., Maula, L., & Uswatun, D. (2020). Analisis Proses Pembelajaran Dalam Jaringan (DARING) Masa Pandemi COVID-19 pada Guru Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Basicedu, 4(4), 861–870. https://doi.org/10.31004/basicedu.v4i3.416.

Sianturi, S. (2018). Meningkatkan Motivasi Belajar Melalui Evaluasi E-Learning Pada Institusi Keperawatan Di Jakarta Dan Depok. Jurnal Pendidikan Keperawatan Indonesia, 4(2), 122–130. https://doi.org/10.17509/jpki.v4i2.11563.

Sobron, A., Bayu, B., Rani, R., & Meidawati, M. (2019). Pengaruh Daring Learning terhadap Hasil Belajar IPA Siswa Sekolah Dasar Sobron. Seminar Nasional Sains Dan Enterpreneurship VI Tahun 2019. https://doi.org/10.31004/basicedu.v4i2.332.

Steele, P., Johnston, E., Lawlor, A., Smith, C., & Lamppa, S. (2019). Arts-Based Instructional and Curricular Strategies for Working With Virtual Educational Applications. Journal of Educational Technology Systems, 47(3), 411–432. https://doi.org/10.1177/0047239518803286.

Widodo, T., & Kadarwati, S. (2013). Higher order thinking berbasis pemecahan masalah untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar berorientasi pembentukan karakter siswa. Cakrawala Pendidikan, 5(1). https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v5i1.1269.

Wijayanengtias, M., & Claretta, D. (2020). Student Perceptions of Online Learning During the Covid-19 Pandemic. Kanal: Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 9(1), 16–21. https://doi.org/10.21070/kanal.v9i1.685.

Zhafira, N. H., Ertika, Y., & Chairiyaton. (2020). Persepsi Mahasiswa Terhadap Perkuliahan Daring Sebagai Sarana Pembelajaran Selama Masa Karantina Covid-19. Jurnal Bisnis Dan Kajian Strategi Manajemen, 4, 37–45.

Zhang, W., Wang, Y., Yang, L., & Wang, C. (2020). Suspending Classes Without Stopping Learning: China’s Education Emergency Management Policy in the COVID-19 Outbreak. Journal of Risk and Financial Management, 13(3). https://doi.org/10.3390/jrfm13030055.

Zhu, X., & Liu, J. (2020). Education in and After Covid-19: Immediate Responses and Long Term Visions. Postdigital Science and Education, 2(3), 695–699. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42438-020-00126-3.

Downloads

Published

2021-03-17

Issue

Section

Articles