Systematic Review on Modern Learning Approaches, Critical Thinking Skills and Students Learning Outcomes

Muhammad Hafeez


In 21st century, Critical thinking skills and students learning outcomes through various learning approaches are two important elements for educational development. There are various traditional and technology-based learning approaches which have been applied in many fields of education. A review has been conducted to describe the various modern learning approaches, their differences, impacts on the learning outcomes and thinking skills. Various learning approaches i-e mobile and computer-based learning, Digital Games-Based learning, Problem-Based learning, use of modules, Case-Based learning and Project-Based learning have been reviewed. The impacts of each learning approach on thinking skills and learning outcomes have been discussed. The review shows that the learning approaches like Game-Based and Computer or Mobile- Based learning approaches are more effectual and skilful than the conventional learning approaches.  The collaborative learning approaches like Case-Based, Project-Based and Problem Based learning approaches are very constructive for communication, learning outcomes and analytical thinking skills. So, the effective and newly developed learning approaches must be applied for the higher order students learning outcomes, critical thinking and communication skills.



Critical Thinking skills; communicative learning; SLO; Learning Approaches


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