STEM on Science Learning in Indonesia: An Opportunity and A Challenge

Muhammad Reyza Arief Taqwa, Abd Aziz Ardiansyah, Muhammad Agni Nurhidayat


STEM has become a strategic issue in learning on an international scale, as well as in Indonesia. Related to the term "STEM" in Indonesia, it is often referred to as an approach to learning. This research is a literature study that examines four things, namely, the introduction of STEM, which is an integration of four disciplines (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) in learning; Approaches that can be used in STEM implementation are The SILO Approach, The Embedded Approach, and The Integrated Approach; STEM opportunities in science learning in Indonesia can improve concept understanding, problem-solving skills, scientific literacy skills, creative thinking skills, and critical thinking skills; and the challenge when implementing STEM in learning is the demand for teachers to be able to understand the relationship between disciplines in STEM and demands in the technological aspects that all schools in Indonesia cannot meet.


Science; technology; engineering; mathematics; STEM; pembelajaran sains

Full Text:



Afifah, A. N., Ilmiyati, N., & Toto. (2019). Model project based learning (PjBL) terintegrasi stem untuk meningkatkan penguasaan konsep dan aktivitas belajar siswa. Quagga: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Biologi, 11(2), 73–78.

Afriana, J., Permanasari, A., & Fitriani, A. (2016). Penerapan project based learning terintegrasi STEM untuk meningkatkan literasi sains siswa ditinjau dari gender. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan IPA, 2(2), 202.

Alfika, Z. A., Mayasari, T., & Kurniadi, E. (2019). Modul STEM Berbasis Pemecahan Masalah dengan Tema Rumah dome. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika, 7(1), 93.

Ariani, L., Sudarmin, & Nurhayati, S. (2019). Analisis berpikir kreatif pada penerapan problem based learning berpendekatan science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan Kimia, 13(1).

Astuti, I. D., Toto, T., & Yulisma, L. (2019). Model project based learning (pjbl) terintegrasi stem untuk meningkatkan penguasaan konsep dan aktivitas belajar siswa. Quagga: Jurnal Pendidikan Dan Biologi, 11(2), 93–98.

Barlex, D. (2011). The Stem Programme in England. In Positioning Technology Education in the Curriculum (pp. 63–74). Deft, The Netherland: Sense Publishers.

Breiner, J. M., Harkness, S. S., Johnson, C. C., & Koehler, C. M. (2012). What Is STEM? A Discussion About Conceptions of STEM in Education and Partnerships. School Science and Mathematics, 112(1), 3–11.

Bybee, R. W. (2010). What is STEM education? Science, 329(5995), 996.

Bybee, R. W. (2015). The Case for STEM Education: Challenges and Opportunities. The Case for STEM Education: Challenges and Opportunities. Arlington, Virginia: NSTA Press.

Chen, M. (2001). A potential limitation of embedded-teaching for formal learning. In J. Moore & K. Stenning (Eds.),. In Proceedings of the Twenty-Third Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (pp. 194-199). Edinburgh, Scotland: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Cuadra, E., & Moreno, J. (2005). Expanding Opportunities and Building Competencies for Young People. Expanding Opportunities and Building Competencies for Young People. Washington, DC: The World Bank.

Dewi, M., Kaniawati, I., & Suwarma, I. R. (2018). Penerapan pembelajaran fisika menggunakan pendekatan STEM untuk meningkatkan kemampuan memecahkan masalah siswa pada materi listrik dinamis. Seminar Nasional Quantum. Yogyakarta.

Dugger, W. E. (2010). Evolution of STEM in the United States. 6Th Biennial International Conference on Technology Education Research, (March), 1–8.

English, L. D. (2016). STEM education K-12: perspectives on integration. English International Journal of STEM Education, 3(1), 1–8.

Furner, J. M., & Kumar, D. D. (2007). The mathematics and science integration argument: A stand for teacher education. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science and Technology Education, 3(3), 185–189.

Gee, K. A., & Wong, K. K. (2012). A cross national examination of inquiry and its relationship to student performance in science: Evidence from the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2006. International Journal of Educational Research, 53, 303–318.

Gough, A. (2015). STEM policy and science education: scientistic curriculum and sociopolitical silences. Cultural Studies of Science Education, 10(2), 445–458.

Harden, R. M. (2000). The integration ladder: A tool for curriculum planning and evaluation. Medical Education.

Ismail, I., Permanasari, A., & Setiawan, W. (2016). Efektivitas virtual lab berbasis STEM dalam meningkatkan literasi sains siswa dengan perbedaan gender. Jurnal Inovasi Pendidikan IPA, 2(2), 190–201.

Jardine, W. D. (2006). On the Integrity of Things: Reflections on the 'Integrated Curriculum". In Curriciculum in Abundance (pp. 171–176). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.

Johnston, J. (2011). The impact of home and school on early years scientific development. Education in Science, (245), 30–31.

Kelley, T. R., & Knowles, J. G. (2016, December 1). A conceptual framework for integrated STEM education. International Journal of STEM Education. Springer.

Klein, J. T. (2005). Foundation for Integrative Education, par. Aac&U, Sum/Fall(Hopkins 1937), 8–10.

Komarudin, U., Rustaman, N. Y., & Hasanah, L. (2017). Promoting students’ conceptual understanding using STEM-based e-book. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1848, p. 60005). American Institute of Physics Inc.

Lestari, D. A. B., Astuti, B., & Darsono, T. (2018). Implementasi LKS Dengan Pendekatan STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics) Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Dan Teknologi, 4(2), 202.

Marginson, S., Tytler, R., Freeman, B., & Roberts, K. (2013). STEM: Country comparisons. Report for the Australian Council of Learned Academies. The Australian Council of Learned Academies, 178. 978 0 9875798 0 5

Melati, L. T., Warsono, & Toto. (2019). Pengaruh model problem based learning berbasis STEM terhadap penguasaan konsep dan kemampuan berpikir kritis siswa. Bioed: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi, 7(2).

Moomaw, S. (2013). Teaching STEM in the early years : activities for integrating science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. St. Paul, MN: Redleaf Press.

Morrison, J, & Bartlett, R. (2009). STEM as curriculum. Education Week, 23.

Morrison, Janice. (2006). TIES STEM Education Monograph Series: Attributes of STEM Education - The Student, The Academy, The Classroom. Teaching Institute for Essensial Science, 6, 0–6.

National Research Council. (2011). Successful K-12 STEM Education: Identifying Effective Approaches in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. 978-0-309-21296-0. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

Pangesti, K. E., Yulianti, D., & Sugianto. (2017). Bahan Ajar Berbasis STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) untuk Meningkatkan Penguasaan Konsep Siswa SMA. Unnes Physics Education Journal, 6(3), 53–58. Retrieved from

Pimthong, P., & Williams, J. (2018). Preservice teachers’ understanding of STEM education. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, xxx, 1–7.

Pinar, W. F., Reynolds, W. M., Slattery, P., & Taubman, P. . (2000). Understanding curriculum: An introduction to the study of historical and contemporary curriculum discourses. New York: Peter Lang Publishing.

Pranita, M. Y., Wisodo, H., & Yuliati, L. (2019). Penguasaan Konsep Peserta Didik pada Materi Usaha dan Energi melalui Pembelajaran Authentic Berbasis Inquiry for STEM Education. Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, Dan Pengembangan, 4(6), 720–725.

Rivai, H. P., Yuliati, L., & Parno. (2018). Penguasaan Konsep dengan Pembelajaran STEM Berbasis Masalah Materi Fluida Dinamis pada Siswa SMA. Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, Dan Pengembangan, 3(8), 1080–1088.

Roberts, A., & Cantu, D. (2012). Applying STEM Instructional Strategies to Design and Technology Curriculum. PATT 26 Conference; Technology Education in the 21st Century, 111–118.

Rossouw, A., Hacker, M., & De Vries, M. J. (2011). Concepts and contexts in engineering and technology education: An international and interdisciplinary delphi study. International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 21(4), 409–424.

Sagala, R., Umam, R., Thahir, A., Saregar, A., & Wardani, I. (2019). The effectiveness of stem-based on gender differences: The impact of physics concept understanding. European Journal of Educational Research, 8(3), 753–761.

Sanders, M. (2009). Integrative STEM Education: Primer. The Technology Teacher, December/J(September), 20–26.

Siswanto, J. (2018). Keefektifan Pembelajaran Fisika dengan Pendekatan STEM untuk Meningkatkan Kreativitas Mahasiswa. Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran Fisika, 9(2).

Stohlmann, M., Moore, T. J., McClelland, J., & Roehrig, G. H. (2011). Impressions of a Middle Grades STEM Integration Program: Educators Share Lessons Learned from the Implementation of a Middle Grades STEM Curriculum Model. Middle School Journal, 43(1), 32–40.

Sugiyono. (2012). Metode Penelitian Pendidikan (Pendekatan Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Alfabeta.

Sukmawijaya, Y., Suhendar, & Juhanda, A. (2019). Pengaruh Model Pembelajaran Stem-Pjbl Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Siswa. Jurnal Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi, 9(9), 28–43.

Talley, T. (2016). The STEM Coaching Handbook. The STEM Coaching Handbook. New York: Routledge.

Thomson, S., De Bortoli, L., & Underwood, C. (2017). PISA 2015: Reporting Australia’s results.

UNESCO. (2015). Education 2030 and framework for action for the implementation of sustainable development goal 4: Towards inclusive and equitable quality education.

Utami, T. N., Jatmiko, A., & Suherman, S. (2018). Pengembangan Modul Matematika dengan Pendekatan Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics (STEM) pada Materi Segiempat. Desimal: Jurnal Matematika, 1(2), 165.

Wang, H.-H., Moore, T. J.,, G. H., & Park, M. S. (2011). STEM Integration : Teacher Perceptions and Practice STEM Integration : Teacher Perceptions and Practice. Journal of Pre-College Engineering Education Research (J-PEER), 1(2), 1–13.

Watts, T. W., Duncan, G. J., Siegler, R. S., & Davis-Kean, P. E. (2014). What’s Past Is Prologue: Relations Between Early Mathematics Knowledge and High School Achievement. Educational Researcher, 43(7), 352–360.

Webb, D. (2013). STEM Lesson Essentials, Grades 3-8: integrating Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. Teacher Education Practice, 26(2), 358–364.

Widya, Rifandi, R., & Rahmi, Y. L. (2019). STEM education to fulfil the 21st century demand: A literature review. In Journal of Physics: Conference Series (Vol. 1317).

Yuanita, Y., & Kurnia, F. (2019). Pengembangan bahan ajar berbasis stem (science, technology, engineering, and mathematics) materi kelistrikan untuk sekolah dasar. Profesi Pendidikan Dasar, 6(2), 199–210.

Zollman, A. (2012). Learning for STEM Literacy: STEM Literacy for Learning. School Science and Mathematics, 112(1), 12–19.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 1378 times
PDF file view : 385 times



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Indonesian Journal Of Educational Research and Review

Indonesian Journal of Educational Research and Review is published by:



Jl. Udayana, Kampus Tengah, Singaraja-Bali
Kode Pos 81116
Telp. 0362-22928


Indonesian Journal of Educational Research and Review indexed by:

Akreditasi SINTA 2        BASE Ekuitas


Creative Commons License
Indonesian Journal of Educational Research and Review is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.