Assessment of Academic Achievements of Special Children

Khizar Hayat, Muhammad Hafeez


Life skills are the social and psychological abilities that are very helpful in the learning process and to develop a healthy and sound society. These skills play a key role in academic achievement of students. The better academic achievements and life skills provide a way to the better academic achievements. Life skills development also played an important role for the development of a society and nation. So, knowing the importance of life skills a research study was conducted. This study aims to investigate the life skills of male and female mentally retarted students (ii) to assess the life skills of female and male mentally retarded students as perceived by their teachers (iii) to analyze the academic achievements of the mentally retarded students (iv) to investigate the impact of the life skills of mentally retarded students on their academic achievement. The total 20 students of 10th grade were selected for the current study. The researcher used questionnaire for data collection. The questionnaires were distributed among the concerned teachers. The academic achievements of 10th grade students with mental retardation were analysed by using descriptive statistics and percentage formula. The results of the study showed that students with mental retardation achieved low academic scores.  Out of 20 students, 4 students got 33% marks, 7 students got 33-40% marks, 5 students got 41-50% marks, 4 students got 51-60% marks and no students got more than 60% marks. This low academic achievements of students with mental retardation indicated that children with mental retardation needs special care and extra efforts to achieve better academic achievements. So, it is suggested that special care children must be cared with special attention.


Life Skills; Academic Achievement; Mental Retardation; Students, Teachers

Full Text:



Abualrob, M. (2019). Determinants of Building 21st Century Skills in Palestinian Elementary Schools. Higher Education Studies Journal, 9(2), 108–116.

Adedokun, M. O. (2019). Life skills implication for community development. Journal of Emerging Trends in Educational Research and Policy Studies, 10(6), 367–373.

Alajmi, M. M. (2019). The impact of E-portfolio use on the development of professional standards and life skills of students: A case study. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 6(4), 1714–1735. .

Álvarez-Bueno, C., Pesce, C., Cavero-Redondo, I., Sánchez-López, M., Garrido-Miguel, M., & Martínez-Vizcaíno, V. (2017). Academic achievement and physical activity: a meta-analysis. Pediatrics, 140(1).

Amansoi, E. O. I., & Basseyii, B. A. (2017). Assessment of Selected Science Process Skills Acquisition among Senior Secondary Schools Students in Calabar Education Zone of Cross River State, Nigeria. International Journal of Scientific Research in Education, 10(1), 119–126.

Baker, D. L. (2011). The politics of neurodiversity: Why public policy matters. Lynne Rienner Publishers.

Barken, R., & Armstrong, P. (2018). Skills of workers in long-term residential care: Exploring complexities, challenges, and opportunities. Ageing International, 43(1), 110–122.

Bean, C., Kramers, S., Forneris, T., & Camiré, M. (2018). The implicit/explicit continuum of life skills development and transfer. Quest, 70(4), 456–470.

Behrani, P. (2016). Implementation aspects of life skills education program in central board of secondary education schools. International Education and Research Journal, 2(3), 68–71.

Chen, C. H., & Yang, Y. C. (2019). Revisiting the effects of project-based learning on students’ academic achievement: A meta-analysis investigating moderators. Educational Research Review, 26, 71–81.

Chiang, H. M., Ni, X., & Lee, Y. S. (2017). Life skills training for middle and high school students with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 47(4), 1113–1121.

Coutinho, E., Jacobson, L., Pedersen, M. G., Benros, M. E., Nørgaard-Pedersen, B., Mortensen, P. B., ..., & Vincent, A. (2017). CASPR2 autoantibodies are raised during pregnancy in mothers of children with mental retardation and disorders of psychological development but not autism. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 88(9), 718–721.

Cronin, L. D., & Allen, J. (2018). Examining the relationships among the coaching climate, life skills development and well-being in sport. International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching, 13(6), 815–827.

Dhingra, R., & Chauhan, K. S. (2017). Assessment of life-skills of adolescents in relation to selected variables. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 7(8), 201–212.

Ducasse, A. M., & Hill, K. (2019). Developing student feedback literacy using educational technology and the reflective feedback conversation. Practitioner Research in Higher Education, 12(1), 24–37.

Erickson, A. S. G., Noonan, P. M., Zheng, C., & Brussow, J. A. (2015). The relationship between self-determination and academic achievement for adolescents with intellectual disabilities. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 36, 45–54.

Francis, A. (2019). Teachers’ and Students’ Attitude on Effective Teaching of Life Skills Education in Secondary Schools. East African Scholars Journal of Education, Humanities, and Learning, 2(5).

Hafeez, M., Kazmi, Q. A., Tahira, F., Hussain, M. Z., Ahmad, S., Yasmeen, A., & Saqi, M. I. (2020). Impact of School Enrolment Size on Student’s Achievements. Journal of Basic Education, 3(1), 17–21.

Hayden, L. A., Whitley, M. A., Cook, A. L., Dumais, A., Silva, M., & Scherer, A. (2015). An exploration of life skill development through sport in three international high schools. Qualitative Research in Sport, Exercise and Health, 7(5), 759–775.

Jacobs, J. M., & Wright, P. M. (2018). Transfer of life skills in sport-based youth development programs: A conceptual framework bridging learning to application. Quest, 70(1), 81–99.

Manjula, M. (2018). Mental Health Promotion at Schools: Need, Challenges and Role of Teachers and Counsellors. Positive Schooling and Child Development, 249–268.

Mayabi, M. J. (2015). Influence of School-Based Life Skills Education Programme on Students ‘sexual Behaviour In Secondary Schools in Nairobi And Busia Counties Kenya. Kabarak University.

Mohammadzadeh, M., Awang, H., Ismail, S., & Kadir Shahar, H. (2019). Improving emotional health and self-esteem of Malaysian adolescents living in orphanages through Life Skills Education program: A multi-centre randomized control trial. PloS One, 14(12).

Nasheeda, A., Abdullah, H. B., Krauss, S. E., & Ahmed, N. B. (2019). A narrative systematic review of life skills education: effectiveness, research gaps and priorities. International Journal of Adolescence and Youth, 24(3), 362–379.

Ng, Z. J., Huebner, S. E., & Hills, K. J. (2015). Life satisfaction and academic performance in early adolescents: Evidence for reciprocal association. Journal of School Psychology, 53(6), 479–491.

Phungsuk, R., Viriyavejakul, C., & Ratanaolarn, T. (2017). Development of a problem-based learning model via a virtual learning environment. Kasetsart Journal of Social Sciences, 38(3), 297–306.

Putri, N. D. A., Salim, A., & Sunardi, S. (2017). the Effectiveness of the Use of Course Review Horay (Crh) Methods to Improve Numeracy Division Skill of Children with Mild Mental Retardation in Slb Negeri Surakarta, Indonesia Year 2016/2017. European Journal of Special Education Research, 1(1).

Robison, M. A., Mann, T. B., & Ingvarsson, E. T. (2020). Life skills instruction for children with developmental disabilities. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 53(1), 431–448.

Rogers, H. B. (2016). The Mindful twenty-something: Life skills to handle stress... and everything else. New Harbinger Publications.

Rokhayati, R., & Jayanti, M. D. (2018). Development of Teaching Materials that Contain Life Skills Values on Utama Junior High School Teacher, Depok. Hortatori: Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa Dan Sastra Indonesia, 2(2), 87–91.

Saad, M. A. E. (2018). The Effectiveness of a Life Skills Training Based on the Response to Intervention Model on Improving Disruptive Behavior of Preschool Children. Online Submission, 7(2), 60–66.

Shek, D. T., Lin, L., Ma, C. M., Yu, L., Leung, J. T., Wu, F. K., ..., & Dou, D. (2020). Perceptions of adolescents, teachers and parents of life skills education and life skills in high school students in Hong Kong. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 1–14.

Shin, J. C., Postiglione, G. A., & Ho, K. C. (2018). Challenges for doctoral education in East Asia: a global and comparative perspective. Asia Pacific Education Review, 19(2), 141–155.

Srikongphlee, V., Luvila, V., & Kanato, M. (2018). Effectiveness of life skills training and promoting family environment to prevent youth substance abuse: a study in Khon Kaen, Thailand. International Journal, 15(50), 88–94.

Suchyadi, Y., Ambarsari, Y., & Sukmanasa, E. (2018). Analysis of Social Interaction of Mentally Retarded Children. JHSS (Journal of Humanities and Social Studies), 2(2), 17–21.

Verma, A., Srivastava, P., & Kumar, P. (2017). Stress among parents having children with mental retardation: a gender perspective. Journal of Disability Management and Rehabilitation, 2(2), 68–72.

Wurdinger, S., & Qureshi, M. (2015). Enhancing college students’ life skills through project-based learning. Innovative Higher Education, 40(3), 279–286.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 172 times
PDF file view : 67 times



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Indonesian Journal of Educational Research and Review is published by:



Jl. Udayana, Kampus Tengah, Singaraja-Bali
Kode Pos 81116
Telp. 0362-22928


Indonesian Journal of Educational Research and Review indexed by:

Akreditasi SINTA 2        BASE Ekuitas


Creative Commons License
Indonesian Journal of Educational Research and Review is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.