Efforts to Overcome Career Confusion for High School Students by Increasing Career Involvement through CIP Individual Career Counseling


  • Hasna Hafizhah Salma Universitas Indonesia
  • Eva Septiana University of Indonesia




Career Engagement, Career Indecision, Career Counseling, Cognitive Information Processing


School counselors can help high school students who have career problems with career guidance or counseling. So far, previous research has mostly proven the effectiveness of career group counseling. Meanwhile, individual counseling is rarely seen for its effectiveness, even though it is possible to do it by considering unique personal characteristics. The purpose of this research is to look at the effectiveness of individual career counseling with the CIP approach to increasing career involvement to overcome the problem of career confusion for high school students. This research is an experimental research with a single subject. Data collection was carried out using career engagement questionnaires, interviews, and observations during the counseling process. Data analysis uses visual techniques. The results show that individual counseling can solve the problem of career indecision by increasing career engagement. The implications of this research can be applied to school counselors at the high school level.


Akmal, S. Z., Arlinkasari, F., & Brebehama, A. (2016). Intervensi Untuk Meningkatkan Kematangan Karier Pada Siswa Ma Cc. Prosiding SNaPP2016 Kesehatan. pISSN 2477-2364 | eISSN 2477-235.

Arifin, I., Primayasa, W., & Baharsyah, M.Y. (2020). Pengaruh Salah Pilih Jurusan Terhadap Rasa Putus Asa Mahasiswa Teknik Informatika. Nathiqiyyah Jurnal Psikologi Islam 3(1), 1-5. DOI: https://doi.org/10.46781/nathiqiyyah.v3i1.76

Fadilla, P.F., & Abdullaah, S.M. (2019). Faktor Pengambilan Keputusan Karier Pada Siswa SMA Ditinjau dari Social Cognitive Theory. Psikostudia Jurnal Psikologi 8(2), 108 DOI:10.30872/psikostudia.v8i2.3049

Hirschi. (2013). Hope as a Resource for Self-Directed Career Management: Investigating Mediating Effects on Proactive Career Behaviors and Life and Job Satisfaction. Journal Happiness Study 15, 1495-1512. Online dikirim oleh Hirschi pada Jumat, 16 Juni 2017.

Hirschi, A., Niles, S. G., & Akos, P. (2011). Engagement in adolescent career preparation: Social support, personality, amd the development of choice decidedness and congruence. Journal of Adolescence 34, 173-182. Online dikirim oleh Hirschi pada Jumat, 16 Juni 2017.

Hirschi, Freund, & Hermann (2014). The Career Engagement Scale: Development and Validation of a Measure of Proactive Career Behaviors. Journal of Career Assessment Vol. 22(4), 575-594. Online dikirim oleh Hirschi pada Jumat, 16 Juni 2017.

Hirschi, Lee, Porfeli, & Vondracek. (2013). Proactive Motivation and Engagement in Career Behaviors: Investigating Direct, Mediated, and Moderated Effects. Journal of Vocational Behavior 83, 31-40. Online dikirim oleh Hirschi pada Jumat, 16 Juni 2017.

Jaensch, V. K., Hirschi, A., & Freund, P. A. (2015). Persistent career indecision over time: Links with personality, barriers, self-efficacy, and life satisfaction. Journal of Vocational Behavior.

Kusumah, D., Mustika, I., & Ningrum, D.S.A. (2022). Konseling Individual Tehadap Pemilihan Karier Siswa Sman 1 Batujajar. FOKUS 5(2), 105-111. DOI 10.22460/fokus.v5i2.8477

Nilles, S. G., & Harris-Bowlsbey, J. (2017). Career Development Interventions in The 21st Century 5th Edition. USA: Pearson Education, Inc.

Nurrega, R. G., Wahyuningsih, H., & Gusniarti, U. (2018). Konseling Karir Kelompok Cognitive Information Processing Untuk Meningkatkan Pengambilan Keputusan Karir Siswa. Journal of Psychological Science and Profesion (JPSP) 2(1), 127-134.

Osborn, D.S., Sides, R.D., & Brown, C.A. (2020). Comparing Career Development Outcomes Among Undergraduate Students in Cognitive Information Processing Theory–Based Versus Human Relations Courses. the National Career Development Association 68, 32-47. DOI: 10.1002/cdq.12211.

Ristian, T., Rahmadani, N., & Hidayat, D.R. (2020). Studi Literature: Pendekatan Teori Trait and Factor Dalam Pengambilan Keputusan Karir Siswa SMA. Jurnal Ilmiah Bimbingan Konseling Undiksha 11 (1), 01-08. DOI: 10.23887/ http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jibk.v10i2

Sampson, J. P., dkk. (2017). Integrating theory, research, and practice in vocational psychology: Current status and future directions. Tallahassee, FL: Florida State University Libraries. Retrieved from http://journals.fcla.edu/svp2016/

Widodo, S.A., dkk. (2021). Single Subject Research: Alternatif Penelitian Pendidikan Matematika di Masa New Normal. Journal of Instructional Mathematics 2(2), 78-89.