Assessing Science Learning Outcomes using Assessment Instruments Based on Higher Order Thinking Skills

Ni Made Mita Puspita Dewi, I Made Suarjana, Luh Putu Putrini Mahadewi

Abstract


There were still many teachers who had difficulty making student learning assessment instruments. The orientation of the learning carried out was still at the level of low-level thinking (remembering, memorizing, and understanding) so that students had low knowledge. This study aimed to develop an instrument for assessing science learning outcomes on Theme 8 based on Higher Order Thinking Skills. This type of research was development research. The model used in this study was 4D which is divided into four stages, namely Define, Design, Develop, and Disseminate. The techniques used in collecting data were observation, interviews, document recording, rating scales, and tests. The instrument used in collecting data was a questionnaire. The results of the study will be analyzed for validity, reliability, discriminating power, and level of difficulty, quality of distractors, practitioner responses, and student responses. Instruments designed to collect data were tested first to find out the instrument's validity. The results of the research were the analysis of the content validity test and the items were in very high criteria. Based on the results of the reliability test, the instrument being tested had a very high consistency. In the analysis of the quality of the distractor, the instrument functions well. In the analysis of practitioners' responses and student responses, the category was very good. It can be concluded that the instrument that assesses the science learning outcomes of theme 8 based on Higher Order Thinking Skills was valid and feasible to be used as an assessment instrument for students.


Keywords


HOTS; Instrument; IPA

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adjii, K. (2019). Instrumen penilaian kedisiplinan siswa sekolah menengah kejuruan. Assessment and Research on Education, 1(1). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.33292/arisen.v1i1.19.

Afrita, M., & Darussyamsu, R. (2020). Validitas Instrumen Tes Berpikir Tingkat Tinggi (HOTS) pada Materi Sistem Respirasi di Kelas XI SMA. Jurnal Mangifera Edu, 4(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31943/mangiferaedu.v4i2.83.

Agung, A. A. G. (2014). Metodologi Penelitian Pendidikan. Aditya Media Publishing.

Agustina, R. L. (2015). Upaya Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar IPA Siswa Kelas IV Menggunakan Model STAD dan NHT. Journal of Educational Science and Technology (EST), 1 (3). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.26858/est.v1i3.1801.

Andoko. (2020). Peningkatan Hots Dan Prestasi Belajar Melalui Metode Inkuiri Kelas 7C SMPN 1 Wonosobo Tahun Pelajaran 2018/2019. Spektra: Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan Sains, 6(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.32699/spektra.v6i1.134.

Ani Rahmawati, Nur Lailatin Nisfah, S. K. (2019). The Capability Analysis of High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) on Dynamic Electricity Material in Junior High School. JPPPF: Jurnal Penelitian Dan Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika, 5(3). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21009/1.05211.

Anwar, K. (2018). Meningkatkan Hasil Belajar IPA Siswa Melalui Model Pembelajaran Inside Outside Circle Di Kelas IV SD Negeri 020620 Binjai Selatan. Jurnal Handayani: Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan Pra Sekolah Dan Pendidikan Dasar, 8(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24114/jh.v8i1.10563.

Ardiansyah, M. Z. (2018). Higher-Order Thinking Skills: Strategi Kontra Radikalisme Santri Pesantren. Ibriez : Jurnal Kependidikan Dasar Islam Berbasis Sains, 3(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21154/ibriez.v3i2.51.

Arif, M. (2016). Pengembangan Instrumen Penilaian Mapel Sains melalui Pendekatan Keterampilan Proses Sains SD/MI. Ta’allum: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 4(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21274/taalum.2016.4.1.123-148.

Arifin, Z. (2017). Kriteria Instrumen dalam suatu Penelitian. The Original Research of Mathematics, 2(1). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.31949/th.v2i1.571.

Budiarti, I. S., Suparmi, A., Sarwanto, & Harjana. (2020). Effectiveness of generation, evaluation, and modifica-tion-cooperative learning (Gem-cl) model selaras bakar batu cultural practice in papua. Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 9(1), 32–41. https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v9i1.22362.

Candra, I., Sulistya, N., & Prasetyo, T. (2018). Pengembangan instrumen sikap sosial tematik siswa SD kelas IV. Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar, 2(4), 455–461. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jisd.v2i4.16167.

Chng, L. S., & Lund, J. (2018). Assessment for learning in physical education: the what, why and how. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation and Dance, 89(8), 29–34. https://doi.org/10.1080/07303084.2018.1503119.

Dewi, R. S. (2018). Kemampuan Profesional Guru Dan Motivasi Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Mengajar Guru Sekolah Dasar. Jurnal Administrasi Pendidikan, 25(1), 150–158. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.17509/jap.v25i1.11581.

Dwipayana, I. K. A. A., Parmiti, D. P., & Diputra, K. S. (2018). Pengaruh Pendekatan Pendidikan Matematika Realistik Berbasis Open Ended Terhadap Kemampuan Berpikir Kreatif Siswa SD KELAS V. Journal of Education Technology Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, 2(3), 87–94. https://doi.org/10.23887/jet.v2i3.16380.

Edriati, S., Anggraini, V., & Siska, M. (2015). Efektivitas Model Jigsaw Disertai Penilaian Diskusi Untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Matematis Mahasiswa. Cakrawala Pendidikan, 1(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v2i2.4833.

Fadzam, I. A., & Rokhimawan, M. A. (2020). Analisis Materi Ipa Kelas Iv Tema Indahnya Kebersamaan Dengan HOTS. Jurnal Ilmiah Didaktika: Media Ilmiah Pendidikan Dan Pengajaran, 21(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22373/jid.v21i1.5970.

Gaol, P. L., Khumaedi, M., & Masrukan, M. (2017). Pengembangan Instrumen Penilaian Karakter Percaya Diri pada Mata Pelajaran Matematika Sekolah Menengah Pertama. Journal of Research and Educational Research Evaluation, 6(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15294/jrer.v6i1.16209.

Halim, D. (2017). Pengembangan Video Pembelajaran IPA Pada Materi Pencemaran Dan Kerusakan Lingkungan. Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Indonesia, 5(2), 108–114. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24815/jpsi.v5i2.9825.

Hartini, T. I., Kusdiwelirawan, & Fitriana, I. (2014). Pengaruh Berpikir Kreatif dengan Model Problem Based Learning (PBL) Terhadap Prestasi Belajar Fisika Siswa dengan Menggunakan Tes Open Ended. PII 3 (1). Jurnal Pendidikan IPA Indonesia, 3(1), 8–11. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15294/jpii.v3i1.2902.

Hartuti. (2015). Peran konsep diri, minat dan kebiasaan belajar peserta didik terhadap prestasi belajar fisika. Formatif: Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan MIPA, 5(2). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.30998/formatif.v5i2.329.

Herawati, R., S, R. W., & Hamdu, G. (2014). Pengembangan Asesmen Hots Pada Pembelajaran Berbasis Masalah Tema Bermain Dengan Benda-Benda Di Sekitar. Jurnal Pendadikta, 1(4).

Hulukati, W., & Rahmi, M. (2020). Instrumen Evaluasi Karakter Mahasiswa Program Pendidikan Guru Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 4(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31004/obsesi.v4i2.468.

Ibrahim, I., Kuswidi, I., & Arfinanti, N. (2020). Development of a Guide to Preparation of Mathematics Questions Based on Higher Order Thinking Skills and Strengthening Character Education for Middle School Teachers. Jurnal Fourier, 9(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.14421/fourier.2020.91.35-42.

Ineson, E. M., Jung, T., Hains, C., & Kim, M. (2013). The influence of prior subject knowledge, prior ability, and work experience on self-efficacy. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education, 12(1), 59–69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhlste.2012.11.002.

Khotimah, R. P., & Sari, M. C. (2020). Pengembangan Lembar Kerja Peserta Didik Berbasis Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Menggunakan Konteks Lingkungan. Jurnal Aksioma, 9(3). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.24127/ajpm.v9i3.2909.

Mega, C., Pudjawan, K., & Margunayasa, I. G. (2015). Analisis sikap sosial siswa kelas V pada pembelajaran dengan kurikulum 2013. Mimbar PGSD Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, 3(1). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jjpgsd.v3i1.5631.

Mulyadin. (2016). Implementasi Kebijakan Pembelajaran Tematik Terpadu Kurikulum 2013 di SDN Kauman 1 Malang dan SD Muhammadiyah 1 Malang. Jurnal Pendidikan Edutama, 3(2), 31–48. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.30734/jpe.v3i2.35.

Nasihin, S. (2016). Implementasi Kurikulum 2013 di MTs Yaqin 1 Kwang Rundun Kecamatan Jerowaru (Masalah dan Solusinya). Jurnal Studi Keislaman Dan Ilmu Pendidikan, 4(1), 56–86. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.36088/palapa.v4i1.8.

Novitasari, L., & Wardani, N. S. (2020). Pengembangan Instrumen Sikap Toleransi Dalam Pembelajaran Tematik Kelas 5 SD. Jurnal Penelitian Tindakan Kelas Dan Pengembangan Pembelajaran, 3(1). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.31604/ptk.v3i1.41-52.

Nurmala, & Mucti, A. (2019). Efektivitas Penggunaan Lkm Berbasis Hots (Higher Order Thinking Skills) Terhadap Hasil Belajar Mahasiswa Pendidikan Matematika. Journal of Hanoi Math, 2(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.30862/jhm.v2i2.67.

Prastikawati, E. F., Wiyaka, W., & Budiman, T. C. S. (2021). Pelatihan Penyusunan Soal Bahasa Inggris Berbasis HOTS bagi Guru Bahasa Inggris SMP. Jurnal Pengabdian Masyarakat, 6(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.30653/002.202161.761.

Pratiwi, P. H. (2017). Pengembangan Modul Mata Kuliah Penilaian Pembelajaran Sosiologi Berorientasi HOTS. Cakrawala Pendidikan, 36(2). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21831/cp.v36i2.13123.

Sanjiwana, P. P. C. M., Pudjawan, K., & Margunayasa, I. G. (2015). Analisis sikap sosial siswa kelas V pada pembelajaran dengan kurikulum 2013. Mimbar PGSD Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, 3(1). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jjpgsd.v3i1.5631.

Saraswati, P. M. S., & Agustika, G. N. S. (2020). Kemampuan Berpikir Tingkat Tinggi Dalam Menyelesaikan Soal HOTS Mata Pelajaran Matematika. Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar Undiksha, 4(2). https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jisd.v4i2.25336.

Sari, A. N., Wahyuni, R., & Rosmaiyadi, R. (2016). Penerapan Pendekatan Open-Ended untuk Meningkatkan Kemampuan Berpikir Kritis Siswa Pada Materi Aljabar Kelas VIII SMP Negeri 10 Pemangkat. JPMI (Jurnal Pendidikan Matematika Indonesia), 1(1), 20. https://doi.org/10.26737/jpmi.v1i1.78.

Sofyan. (2016). Pembelajaran Problem Based Learning dalam Implementasi Kurikulum 2013 di SMK. Jurnal Pendidikan Vokasi, 6(3), 260–271. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.21831/jpv.v6i3.11275.

Solihah, A. N., Jubaedah, Y., & Rifa’i, M. S. S. (2020). Pengembangan Instrumen Pengukuran Perkembangan Sosial-Emosional Anak Berbasis Home-Based Childcare. Widyadari, 6(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.3517997.

Suprihatin, S. (2015). Upaya guru dalam meningkatkan motivasi belajar siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Ekonomi UM Metro, 3(1), 72–82. https://doi.org/http://dx.doi.org/10.24127/ja.v3i1.144.

Suratno, S., Wahono, B., Chang, C.-Y., Retnowati, A., & Yushardi, Y. (2020). Exploring a Direct Relationship between Students ’ Problem - Solving Abilities and Academic Achievement : A STEM Education at a Coffee Plantation Area. Journal of Turkish Science Education, 17(2), 211–224. https://doi.org/10.36681/tused.2020.22.

Umami, R., Rusdi, M., & Kamid, K. (2021). Pengembangan Instrumen Tes Untuk Mengukur Higher Order Thinking Skills (Hots) Berorientasi Programme For International Student Asessment (Pisa) Pada Peserta Didik. JP3M: Jurnal Penelitian Pendidikan Dan Pengajaran Matematika, 7(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.37058/jp3m.v7i1.2069.

Wicaksono, T. P., Muhardjito, & Harsiati, T. (2016). Pengembangan penilaian sikap dengan teknik observasi , self assessment , dan peer assessment pada pembelajaran tematik kelas V SDN Arjowinangun 02 Malang. Jurnal Pendidikan: Teori, Penelitian, Dan Pengembangan, 1(1), 45–51. http://journal.um.ac.id/index.php/jptpp/article/view/5214.

Yusup, F. (2018). Uji Validitas dan Reliabilitas Instrumen Penelitian Kuantitatif. Jurnal Tarbiyah : Jurnal Ilmiah Kependidikan, 7(1), 17–23. https://doi.org/https://dx.doi.org/10.18592/tarbiyah.v7i1.2100.

Zuliani, D., Florentinus, T. S., & Ridlo, S. (2017). Pengembangan Instrumen Penilaian Karakter pada Siswa Kelas IV Sekolah Dasar. Journal of Research and Educational Research Evaluation, 6(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.15294/jrer.v6i1.16207.

Zulmaharni. (2016). Peningkatan Partisipasi dan Hasil Belajar Siswa Kelas IV dalam Pembelajaran IPA melalui Model Examples Non Examples di SDN 18 Sungai Limau. Jurnal Konseling Dan Pendidikan, 4(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.29210/150%.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23887/jisd.v5i2.35416

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 253 times
PDF file view : 29 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar


JURNAL ILMIAH SEKOLAH DASAR IS PUBLISHED BY:

UNIVERSITAS PENDIDIKAN GANESHA

Jl. Udayana, Kampus Tengah, Singaraja-Bali
Kode Pos 81116; Telp. 0362-22928
Homepage: https://lppm.undiksha.ac.id
Email: wayan_widiana@yahoo.co.id


Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar terindeks oleh

 Akreditasi SINTA   




Creative Commons License

Jurnal Ilmiah Sekolah Dasar memiliki lisensi Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.